There are a few things you should know about before you arrive in Canada to work.
Presenting your documents
When you enter Canada, tell the border services officer (BSO) that you have come here to work.
If you have a letter of introduction that says you are approved to work in Canada, bring it with you. This letter is not a travel document and it is not your work permit, but it can help show that you can work in Canada.
You should also have supporting documents, such as the letter that offers you a job. If you have the Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) confirmation number for your offer, give it to the BSO.
Once the BSO has checked your documents, they will print the actual work permit for you.
Medical and health insurance, and workers’ compensation in Canada
Your employer must make sure you are covered by medical and health insurance, and workers’ compensation, when you arrive in Canada.
Getting a social insurance number
The Social Insurance Number (SIN) is a nine-digit number that you need to work in Canada or to have access to government programs and benefits. You should apply for a SIN as soon as possible after you arrive in Canada.
To apply for your SIN, simply gather all the required original proof-of-identity documents and take them to the nearest Service Canada point of service. If everything is in order, you will get your SIN at the time of your visit.
Your SIN is confidential. There are a number of things that you can do to protect your SIN.
Contact Service Canada if:
- you change your name,
- your citizenship status changes,
- information on your SIN record is incorrect or incomplete.
- your SIN is lost or stolen, or
- you suspect that your SIN is being wrongly used.
Your spouse working in Canada
If you have a spouse or common-law partner who wants to work in Canada, they must apply for their own work permit. Normally, they must meet the same rules as you do. This includes getting an LMIA from Employment and Social Development Canada, if needed.
Your spouse or common-law partner may be able to apply for an “open” work permit that will let them accept any job with any employer.
Your children studying or working in Canada
Your dependent children may also apply to come with you to Canada, and if they wish, apply for a study or work permit.
Staying in Canada
Read your work permit carefully. It sets out all the conditions for working in Canada. If you do not meet those conditions, you could be asked to leave Canada.
Employment and labour standards
Each province and territory has standards to protect employers and employees.
Labour standards include rules about:
- minimum wages,
- hours of work,
- rest periods and
- days of rest.
If you have any questions about labour standards or if you think your employer is not meeting them, contact the ministry in charge of labour or employment standards in the province or territory where you work.
To find out more about employment standards and your rights, see Understand your rights – foreign workers.
Labour standards organizations
Find out how to contact the office in charge of labour or employment standards in the province or territory where you work:
- British Columbia
- New Brunswick
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- Northwest Territories
- Nova Scotia
- Prince Edward Island
- Labour Canada
You can also contact Labour Canada, the federal department that regulates employment and enforces standards such as hours of work, holidays, leave, pay, and more.
Prepare for life in Canada
Living in Canada toolLearn about what it's like to live in Canada and which resources are available to you to help you settle here
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