The citizenship test is the last step before the citizenship ceremony for nearly any person who wants to become a Canadian citizen. You need to prepare for the test and know what happens after you take it.
Who has to take the test
You must take the citizenship test if:
- you are between the ages of 18 and 54, and
- you meet the basic conditions for citizenship.
You may also have to take the test if you are applying to keep your citizenship.
About the test
The test shows what you know about Canada. It is usually written, but we may also ask you to come to an interview with a citizenship judge.
During the written exam and the interview, we will ask you questions about:
- the rights, freedoms and responsibilities of Canadian citizens,
- Canada’s democracy and ways to take part in Canadian society,
- Canadian political and military history (including the political system, monarchy and branches of government),
- Canadian social and cultural history and symbols, and
- Canadian physical and political geography.
If we ask you to come to an interview, we can also use it to see if you are able to speak and understand English or French.
Get ready for the test
Study CIC’s official study guide, Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship, to prepare for your test. All the test questions are based on information in Discover Canada. You can also take a look at the sample study guide questions to help you prepare for the test.
We will send you a copy of the study guide after you apply. Start studying as soon as you get it. You can also:
- read Discover Canada online,
- download the PDF, eBook or mobile app,
- listen to the MP3 version or
- order another copy.
Discover Canada is always free from CIC.
Get your test date
We will send you a notice with the time and date for your test.
If you are not available on that date, contact the Call Centre. We will schedule your test on a different date. If you do not attend the test, you must contact the Call Centre or we will close your application.
Taking the test
Your test may be written or oral. We decide if your test will be written or oral based on a number of things. For example, if you have trouble reading and writing in English or French, you will have an oral test.
Oral tests are done through an interview with a citizenship judge.
When you come for your written or oral test, bring:
- the original documents you sent with your application and
- any passport or travel documents you used in the four years before you applied.
After the test: Next steps
We will give you the results of your test right after you take it. If you pass and meet the others requirements for citizenship, we may give you a ceremony date at the same time we give you the results. If we do not, we will mail you a letter with the date and time of your ceremony.
If you do not pass the written test, but meet the other requirements for citizenship, we will schedule you for a second test. If you do not pass the second test, we will send you a notice telling you to come to an interview with a citizenship judge.
The interview will last 30 to 90 minutes. At that interview, the judge will ask you the test questions orally so you have another chance to show that you meet all the conditions (including knowledge and language).
If you are asked to go to an interview, but you applied for citizenship with your family by sending your applications in the same envelope, we will process your application separately from your family's unless you want them to be processed together.