Learn how to prepare for the test and know what happens after you take it.
Who has to take the test
You must take the citizenship test if you’re between the ages of 14 and 64 when you apply for citizenship.
About the test
The test shows us what you know about Canada. It is usually written, but we may also ask you to come to a hearing with a citizenship officer.
During the test or the hearing, we’ll ask you questions about Canadian:
- society and ways to take part
- physical and political geography
- social and cultural history and symbols
- political and military history, including the:
- political system
- branches of government
If your child is taking the citizenship test, you may go with them to their test, interview or hearing. However, you can’t help them while we test their language or knowledge abilities.
Get ready for the test
Use our official study guide, Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship, to prepare for your test. We base all test questions on information in Discover Canada. You can start preparing for the test at any time.
To prepare for the test, you can:
- read Discover Canada online
- listen to the MP3 version
- download the PDF or eBook
- see sample study guide questions
- order another copy of Discover Canada
Discover Canada is always free.
Get your test date
We’ll send you a notice with the time and date for your test.
If you aren’t available on the date and time of your appointment:
- write us a letter of explanation
- send your letter:
- by mail to the office that scheduled your appointment
- online using the web form
If your explanation is reasonable, we’ll schedule your appointment on a different date.
If you don’t provide an explanation, or your explanation is not reasonable, we may stop processing your application and not grant you citizenship.
Taking the test
When you come for your test, bring:
- the original documents you sent with your application
- any passport or travel documents you used in the four years before you applied
Your test may be written or oral. We base the type of test on a number of things. For example, if you have trouble reading and writing in English or French, you will have an oral test.
An oral test is given by a citizenship officer through a hearing.
After the test: Next steps
We will give you the results of your test right after you take it.
If you pass and meet the other requirements for citizenship, we may:
- give you a ceremony date at the same time we give you the test results or
- mail you a letter with the date and time of your ceremony
The ceremony will usually take place within six months after your test. At the ceremony, you will:
If you don’t pass your first test
If you don’t pass your first written test, but meet the other requirements for citizenship, we will schedule you for a second test.
If you don’t pass your second test, we will send you a notice telling you to come to a hearing interview with a citizenship officer. The hearing:
- will last 30 to 90 minutes
- may be in person or by videoconference
- gives you the chance to show you meet the requirements, including:
If we ask you to go to a hearing, but you applied for citizenship with your family, we will process your application separately from your family's. If you don’t want to be processed separately, you can ask us to pause the rest of the applications.
What you need to know about the citizenship test
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