See if you may be a citizen

There are a few ways you can become a Canadian citizen without applying to be one. In these cases, you may still want to get proof of citizenship.

There are also times when you might think you became a citizen, but you did not. In those cases, you may be eligible to apply for citizenship.

This chart may help you find out if you already are a Canadian citizen.

You are probably a Canadian citizen if…

  • you were born in Canada,
  • you applied for and received your Canadian citizenship (this is called becoming a naturalized citizen),
  • you received Canadian citizenship as a minor when a parent or legal guardian naturalized you by applying for your citizenship,
  • you were born outside Canada and at least one of your parents was born in Canada,
  • you were born outside Canada and at least one of your parents was naturalized in Canada before your birth, or
  • you became a citizen because of changes to the Citizenship Act.

You are probably not a Canadian citizen if…

  • you renounced your Canadian citizenship and never applied to get it back (see how to resume citizenship),
  • your citizenship was taken away (revoked) by the Government of Canada, or
  • you were born in Canada to foreign diplomats.

You are not automatically a Canadian citizen if…

Use the “Am I a Canadian Citizen?” tool

To see if you might have a claim to Canadian citizenship, use the Am I a Canadian Citizen? tool.

Applying for proof of Canadian citizenship is the formal way to find out if you are a citizen. If you apply for proof of citizenship, but you are not a citizen, we will still collect the processing fee.

Note: People who were Canadian citizens the day before the 2009 and 2015 changes to the law came into effect keep their citizenship.

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