There are a few ways you can become a Canadian citizen without applying to be one. In these cases, you may still want to get proof of citizenship.
There are also times when you might think you became a citizen, but you did not. In those cases, you may be eligible to apply for citizenship.
You likely are a Canadian citizen if you…
- were born in Canada
- became a citizen because of changes to the Citizenship Act
- applied for and received your Canadian citizenship (became a naturalized citizen)
- received Canadian citizenship as a minor when a parent or legal guardian naturalized you by applying for your citizenship
- were born outside Canada and at least one of your parents was:
- born in Canada
- naturalized in Canada before your birth
You likely aren’t a Canadian citizen if you…
- were born in Canada to foreign diplomats
- had your citizenship taken away (revoked)
- renounced your Canadian citizenship and never applied to get it back
You aren’t automatically a Canadian citizen if you…
To find out if you might have a claim to Canadian citizenship, use the Am I a Canadian Citizen? tool.
Applying for proof of Canadian citizenship is the formal way to find out if you’re a citizen. We don’t refund fees, even if you apply for proof of citizenship and find out you aren’t a citizen.
You keep your citizenship if you were a Canadian citizen the day before the 2009 and 2015 changes to the law came into effect.
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