There are a few ways you can become a Canadian citizen without applying to be one. In these cases, you may still want to get proof of citizenship.
There are also times when you might think you became a citizen, but you did not. In those cases, you may be eligible to apply for citizenship.
This chart may help you find out if you already are a Canadian citizen.
You may already be a citizen if…
- you were born in Canada,
- you were naturalized (you immigrated to Canada and later got citizenship) in Canada or
- you were born outside Canada after April 17, 2009, but one parent was born in Canada or naturalized in Canada.
You may not be a citizen if…
- you marry a Canadian citizen,
- you are adopted by a Canadian citizen,
- your refugee claim is accepted,
- you have lived in Canada as a permanent resident for many years,
- you renounced your citizenship and never applied to get it back (see information on resuming citizenship),
- you were born outside Canada on or after April 17, 2009, and one or both of your parents was a Canadian citizen, but neither of them was born or naturalized in Canada, or
- the Government of Canada took away (revoked) your citizenship.
Use the “Am I a Canadian Citizen?” tool
Use the Am I a Canadian Citizen? tool to find out if you are a citizen under Canada’s citizenship laws. These questions should take 15 to 20 minutes to answer.
At any point in this questionnaire, you can bookmark your current page and return to complete it later.
In some cases, this questionnaire will not be able to tell you for sure if you are a Canadian citizen.
Note: People who were Canadian citizens the day before the 2009 changes to the law came into effect keep their citizenship.
Legal disclaimer: This questionnaire is intended solely for general guidance and reference purposes. If any part of this questionnaire conflicts with any provision contained in federal legislation (for example, the Citizenship Act, the Citizenship Regulations, the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, or the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations), federal legislation will apply.
Citizenship and Immigration Canada will not collect or disclose any personal information if you decide to use this questionnaire to find out whether you are a Canadian citizen.
You can also apply for proof of Canadian citizenship, which will result in a formal decision as to whether you are a citizen. Should you decide to apply for proof of citizenship and pay the fee, a citizenship officer will assess your application, in accordance with the requirements of the Citizenship Act, without regard to the results of this informal questionnaire.