Situations that may prevent you from becoming a Canadian citizen

To be eligible to become a Canadian citizen, you must not be prohibited under the Citizenship Act. As of June 11, 2015, you cannot become a citizen if you:

  • are in prison, on parole or on probation in Canada
  • are serving a sentence outside Canada
  • are charged with, on trial for, or involved in an appeal for an offence under the Citizenship Act, or an indictable offence in Canada,
  • are charged with, on trial for, or involved in an appeal for an offence committed outside Canada that is determined to be equivalent to an indictable offence in Canada
  • are under a removal order (Canadian officials have asked you to leave Canada)
  • are being investigated for, are charged with, on trial for, involved in an appeal for or have been convicted of a war crime or a crime against humanity
  • have had a citizenship application refused for misrepresentation in the past five years
  • have had your Canadian citizenship revoked (taken away) because of fraud in the past ten years
  • have had your Canadian citizenship revoked (taken away) because you have been convicted of terrorism, high treason, treason, or spying offences, depending on the sentence received; or because you have served as a member of an armed force of a country or organized armed group and that country or group engaged in armed conflict with Canada
  • have been convicted of an indictable offence in Canada or an offence under the Citizenship Act in the four years before you apply
  • have been convicted outside Canada of an offence that is determined to be equivalent to an indictable offence in Canada in the four years before you apply, even if you were pardoned or otherwise granted amnesty for the offence,
  • have been convicted of terrorism, high treason, treason, or spying offences while you were a permanent resident,
  • served as a member of an armed force of a country or organized armed group and that country or group engaged in armed conflict with Canada, while you were a permanent resident, or
  • never met or no longer meet the requirements for a grant or resumption of citizenship.

If you applied for a grant or resumption before June 11, 2015, most of these prohibitions would apply to you. However, if you have been convicted in Canada of an indictable offence or an offence under the Citizenship Act you would be prohibited in the three years before you apply, rather than four as listed above.

People who have had their citizenship revoked for any reason can never apply for resumption of citizenship.

If any of the above situations apply to you, you should wait until the situation no longer applies before you make an application for citizenship.

If these situations apply to you while your application for citizenship is being processed, you must inform us by using this Web form.

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