Canadian Airport Authorities
Current Canadian Airport Participants
The Transit Without Visa (TWOV) program allows eligible foreign nationals to transit through Canada without a visa or an eTA. At present, TWOV operates at Vancouver International Airport in British Columbia, Canada and at Toronto's Pearson International Airport (Terminal 1 only) in Ontario, Canada.
Canadian airport authorities must meet the following criteria in order to be eligible for the program:
- There is a functioning United States In-Transit Pre-Clearance (USITPC) facility at the airport;
- It has the required facilities to allow passengers under the TWOV program to go from the airplane directly to a USITPC facility, or to the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) area for examination, or to a designated transit area for Fifth Freedom RightFootnote * flights whose passengers are to be examined upon arrival in the United States; and
- It signs a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) and the CBSA that sets out the terms and conditions of the TWOV program.
Notice: To exercise the Fifth Freedom Right, the airline’s home country must have obtained the necessary Fifth Freedom Right in its air agreements with both the bilateral partner country and the third country involved. For more information, contact Transport Canada.
Current Airline Participants
The following airlines are currently eligible to transport passengers under the TWOV program:
- Cathay Pacific
- Philippine Airlines
- China Southern
- Air Canada
- Jazz Aviation LP
- Air China
- Air Georgian Limited
- Sky Regional Airlines Inc.
- Air Canada Rouge
An airline must meet specific criteria in order to be eligible for the TWOV program including, but not limited to, the following:
- It meets all requirements to fly into Canada and to operate in Canadian airspace;
- It flies to a TWOV-approved airport;
- It has access to USITPC facilities at the airport or a designated transit area for Fifth Freedom Right flights;
- It holds a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the CBSA that is in good standing as per section 280 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (this MOU outlines the requirements for transporting passengers to Canada);
- It has signed a Transit Without Visa (TWOV) Program MOU with CIC and the CBSA.
Important: Participating airlines must collect and report TWOV passenger data to the Government of Canada, as identified in the TWOV MOU, for statistical and program evaluation purposes.
If airport authorities and airlines meet the minimum eligibility criteria, they are invited to submit a formal business case directly to CIC and the CBSA. Find out more about the application process.
Before you arrive
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