Entry criteria and the Comprehensive Ranking System

Note: We’ve made some changes to the Express Entry system:

  • you can now get 15 additional points for at least one sibling (brother or sister) living in Canada who is a citizen or permanent resident if they:
    • are 18 years old or older
    • are related to you by blood, marriage, common-law partnership or adoption
    • have a parent in common with you
  • you can now get additional points if you score NCLC 7 or higher on all four French language skills
    • 15 additional points if you scored CLB 4 or lower in English (or if you didn’t take an English test)
    • 30 additional points if you scored CLB 5 or higher on all four English skills
  • it is no longer mandatory to create a Job Match account with Job Bank if you don’t have a job offer or nomination from a province or territory

Find out more about these changes and how they may affect you.

The Express Entry system lets us create a pool of candidates who may be eligible to immigrate to Canada permanently.

You must be eligible for one of the immigration programs under Express Entry to get into the pool. You get points based on the information in your profile, including your skills and experience.

To be chosen from the pool, you need to have one of the highest-ranking scores when we send out invitations. If you are invited, you can apply for permanent residence.

Pool eligibility

The immigration programs managed by the Express Entry system have different criteria. The programs are:

Use our Come to Canada tool to see if you might be eligible for Express Entry.

Comprehensive Ranking System

The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is the points-based system we use to assess and score your profile and rank you in the Express Entry pool.

The CRS gives you a score from your profile answers, including your:

  • skills
  • education
  • language ability
  • work experience
  • other factors

The CRS also gives you points for:

  • Canadian degrees, diplomas or certificates
  • a valid job offer
  • a nomination from a province or territory
  • other factors

We regularly send invitations to apply to the highest-ranking candidates in the pool. If you are invited, you can apply to immigrate as a permanent resident.

Comprehensive Ranking System formula

The points you get from the CRS include a core set of points up to 600 and a set of additional points of up to 600. Your total score will be out of 1,200. It is based on the four parts of the CRS formula:

Core: Up to 600 points

  1. Skills and experience factors
  2. Spouse or common-law partner factors, such as their language skills and education
  3. Skills transferability, including education and work experience
  4. Additional: Up to 600 points for:
    • Canadian degrees, diplomas or certificates
    • a valid job offer
    • a nomination from a province or territory
    • a brother or sister living in Canada who is a citizen or permanent resident
    • strong French language skills

Core points + Additional points = Your total score

A. Single candidates B. Candidates spouses or common-law partners that will come with them to Canada
(The maximum number of points is the same no matter the person’s marital status)
Core
1. Skills and experience factors (maximum 500)
+
1. Skills and experience factors (maximum 460)
+
2. N/A
+
2. Spouse or common-law partner factors (maximum 40)
+
3. Skill transferability factors (maximum 100)
+
3. Skill transferability factors (maximum 100)
+
Additional
4. points (maximum 600) 4. points (maximum 600)
Grand total (maximum 1,200) Grand total (maximum 1,200)

See the full Comprehensive Ranking System criteria.

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