How Canadian are You, eh?

Test your knowledge of Canadian history with this challenging, multiple-choice quiz. The quiz is different every time, so you can play more than once! Most of the information you need is found in the Discover Canada study guide.

Question 1:

When did the Prime Minister, on behalf of the Government of Canada, officially apologize in the House of Commons for the Chinese Head Tax that was imposed on Chinese newcomers in 1885?

Question 2:

Canada currently claims ownership of the North Pole.

Question 3:

Canada's most densely populated province is:

Question 4:

In what year did the Iroquois and the French finally make peace?

Question 5:

Whom does the governor general of Canada represent at the federal level?

Question 6:

Which famous Canadian composed the Canadian national anthem?

Question 7:

Where are the highest tides in the world?

Question 8:

What is the only officially bilingual province in Canada?

Question 9:

How many oceans does Canada border?

Question 10:

What is the approximate population of Canada?

Question 11:

Each year on November 11, Canadians celebrate Remembrance Day by pinning which type of flower to their jackets?

Question 12:

Which of the following rivers is Canada's longest river?

Question 13:

Why did Ottawa establish the Mounted Police in 1873?

Question 14:

How many time zones stretch across Canada's vast landscape?

Question 15:

What famous sea creature in the Okanagan Lake of British Columbia was called N'ha-a-itk by local Aboriginal tribes and is considered "Canada's Loch Ness Monster"?

Question 16:

What is the capital city of Nova Scotia?

Question 17:

What is the oldest English settlement in Canada?

Question 18:

Who was the first woman to serve as governor general of Canada?

Question 19:

Who is Canada's Head of State?

Question 20:

What level of government in Canada is in charge of education and health care?

Question 21:

In Canada, rights come with responsibilities. Which of the following is an actual responsibility for all Canadian citizens?

Question 22:

Which biennial sports event that began in 1970 features such sports as snowshoeing and dog sledding, as well as athletes from northern communities like the Northwest Territories, Yukon, Nunavut, Alaska, Greenland and several northern Russian provinces?

Question 23:

The prime minister of Canada must recommend a governor general candidate to the Queen before a decision is made. True or false?

Question 24:

What leaf is on the Canadian flag?

Question 25:

Which of the following answers includes all four of the fundamental freedoms dating back to the Magna Carta, also known as the Great Charter?

Question 26:

The Queen has been present at a number of important sports occasions. In 1976, she opened the Olympic Games in ______.

Question 27:

Which monarch proclaimed the National flag in 1965?

Question 28:

What does the Latin name for Nova Scotia mean in English?

Question 29:

Newfoundland was the last province to join Confederation in 1949. What year did the province's name officially change to include Labrador?

Question 30:

What is the name of the highest mountain in Canada?

Question 31:

In 1957, the Queen officially opened the first session of the 23rd Parliament, becoming the first reigning Canadian monarch to read the ______ from the Throne.

Question 32:

Which document made Confederation official and legal?

Question 33:

What is the oldest national park in Canada?

Question 34:

Which country is Canada's major trade partner for energy products?

Question 35:

In Canada's three northern territories, which phenomenon is sometimes referred to as "the midnight sun"?

Question 36:

What was the name of the secret routes and safe houses used by 19th-century slaves, led by Harriet Tubman, in the United States to escape to Canada?

Question 37:

On June 6, 1944, in a bid to roll back the Nazi regime, 15,000 Canadian soldiers stormed which Normandy beach on a day otherwise known as D-Day?

Question 38:

How many provinces and territories are there in Canada?

Question 39:

Canada has a large population of the world's biggest land-based carnivore (meat-eating animal). It is the:

Question 40:

Which of the following is a requirement in order to vote in a Canadian federal election?

Question 41:

What battle can be described as the Royal Canadian Navy's "finest hour"?

Question 42:

In what province did the “Marathon of Hope” creator and Canadian hero Terry Fox spend most of his life?

Question 43:

The Queen's first visit to Canada was in ______ when she was Princess Elizabeth and aged ______.

Question 44:

Which section of the Parliament buildings was destroyed by fire on February 3, 1916?

Question 45:

The Liberation of Western Europe from Nazi rule began in 1944 on:

Question 46:

Which Canadian imagined the idea for the first telephone at his summer house in Canada?

Question 47:

Which year is associated by many with Quebec's "Quiet Revolution," a period of social, political and cultural change.

Question 48:

Who wrote the popular novel Anne of Green Gables in 1908, which has since been translated into 15 languages and inspired two films and a musical performed in Charlottetown every year?

Question 49:

Who was the only Canadian ever to serve as Prime Minister of Great Britain?

Question 50:

On April 1st, 1999, ________ became Canada’s newest territory.

Question 51:

Jacques Cartier was the first European to explore which great Canadian river?

Question 52:

What does the Official Languages Act of 1969 stipulate for all Canadians?

Question 53:

The Trans-Canada Highway is the longest national highway in the world.

Question 54:

What is the most significant difference between Canadian football and American football?

Question 55:

The name "Canada" comes from the Iroquois word "Kanata" which means what in English?

Question 56:

Who, from June 25 to November 4, 1993, was Canada's first woman prime minister?

Question 57:

Canada is the world's second largest country by land mass.

Question 58:

Which national project to connect Canadians across the country began in 1871 and was completed six years ahead of schedule in 1885, with the final section constructed in Craigellachie, British Columbia?

Question 59:

What is the name of the dried meat, made by Plains Indians and Métis peoples, that became a staple during the fur trade?

Question 60:

The Canadian flag is composed of which colours?

Question 61:

What is the largest city in Canada?

Question 62:

The British North America Act of 1867 united Upper and Lower Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. Today, Upper and Lower Canada are known as _______ and Quebec.

Question 63:

In 1812, which country was unsuccessful in its attempt to conquer Canada?

Question 64:

Since 1982, any change to the position of the Queen or her representatives in Canada requires the unanimous consent of the ______, the House of Commons and the assemblies of all the provinces.

Question 65:

Who is the first Canadian of Haitian origin to be named governor general?

Question 66:

Famous Canadian Roberta Bondar is known for achieving which of the following goals in 1992?

Question 67:

What challenge did Louis Riel pose to Canada?

Question 68:

How many territories does Canada have in total?

Question 69:

Which of the following is a constitutional responsibility of the governor general of Canada?

Question 70:

The Heir Apparent, or successor to Queen Elizabeth II, is named ______.

Question 71:

Who were the first people to live in Canada?

Question 72:

Vancouver, British Columbia, was named after:

Question 73:

What is the highest court in Canada?

Question 74:

Which Métis leader, who was a central figure in the Northwest Rebellions and founder of the province of Manitoba, is celebrated on the third Monday of February in Manitoba?

Question 75:

The birth of the Dominion of Canada, also known as "Confederation," occurred on which historic date?

Question 76:

In Canada, the Queen's birthday is marked by a public holiday in each year on Victoria Day. This holiday dates back to the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901), whose birthday was declared a Canadian holiday in 1845.

Question 77:

______ fulfill the responsibilities and functions of the Queen in the provinces in the same way that the Governor General does at the national level.

Question 78:

Some black Nova Scotians helped found _______ a new British Colony for freed slaves, in 1792.

Question 79:

What is the head of government in Canada called?

Question 80:

What national public holiday falls on July 1?

Question 81:

The Queen has visited Canada ______ times.

Question 82:

Which is Canada's newest province?

Question 83:

Which structure, made by the Inuit, was traditionally used to indicate directions for travellers, warn of danger, mark a place of respect, or act as a helper in hunting caribou?

Question 84:

Which Canadian province is the largest in terms of land mass?

Question 85:

Count Frontenac refused to surrender Quebec to the English in 1690, saying:

Question 86:

Why is Remembrance Day held on November 11 of each year?

Question 87:

How many provinces are there in Canada?

Question 88:

How many Canadians served in the First World War?

Question 89:

What is Canada's motto?

Question 90:

Which of the following factors makes you eligible to vote in a federal election or to cast a ballot in a federal referendum?

Question 91:

The efforts of women to achieve the right to vote is known as the women's suffrage movement. Its founder in Canada was Dr. Emily Stowe, the first Canadian woman to practise medicine in Canada. Thanks to her efforts, women received the right to vote in 1916 in which province?

Question 92:

This historic Canadian figure is known as the first prime minister of the Dominion of Canada and is also featured on the Canadian $10 bill.

Question 93:

Which animal appears on the Canadian quarter?

Question 94:

Canada has two official languages: English and ______.

Question 95:

Maple leaves were used to decorate streets and platforms when the Prince of Wales, the future King Edward VII, visited Canada in ______?

Question 96:

Which four provinces or territories were first to join Confederation in 1867?

Question 97:

What is the most recent territory in Canada called?

Question 98:

What is the capital city of Canada (the national capital)?

Question 99:

Which Canadian province is the country's largest producer and exporter of maple syrup?

Question 100:

The beaver was adopted centuries ago as a symbol of which of the following organizations?

Question 101:

Canada has what percentage of the world's forests?

Question 102:

Who was the first Francophone prime minister of Canada after Confederation?

Question 103:

Which Canadian Prime Minister was born in Glasgow, Scotland in 1815 and immigrated to Upper Canada in 1820 with his family?

Question 104:

Who was the Queen at the time of Confederation?

Question 105:

The cornerstone of Centre Block in the Parliament Buildings was laid by Prince ______ in 1860; the son of Queen Victoria.

Question 106:

When did most women in Canada over 21 years old receive the right to vote?

Question 107:

In 1970, there was a major change to the Canadian federal election voting system. What was that change?

Question 108:

On July 5, 1916, the assembly of the No. 2 Construction Battalion was approved. Why was this battalion different from the rest of the military's battalions?

Question 109:

The Queen is represented at the federal level in Canada on a day-to-day basis by the ______.

Question 110:

What is Canada's federal police force called?

Question 111:

In Canada, which temperature scale is used to measure temperature?

Question 112:

There are seven steps in how a bill becomes law. In the House of Commons, what occurs during the third reading of the bill?

Question 113:

Which of the following famous Canadian politicians has the nickname "the last Father of Confederation"?

Question 114:

In descending order, name the three largest cities in Canada.

Question 115:

When was the most recent territory in Canada formed?

Question 116:

Which of the following is not a Canadian invention or discovery?

Question 117:

Who donated the Stanley Cup to the National Hockey League?

Question 118:

Who was the first governor general of Canada (serving from July 1, 1867, to November 14, 1868)?

Question 119:

The elder daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, Queen Elizabeth II was born in 1926 and became Queen at the age of:

Question 120:

Who was the first explorer to reach Canada in 1497?

Question 121:

The Canadian Constitution officially recognizes which of the three main categories of Aboriginal peoples in Canada?

Question 122:

What song, written by Scottish-Canadian schoolmaster Alexander Muir (1830–1906) during the reign of Queen Victoria, incites Canadian patriotism?

Question 123:

Nova Scotian and Olympian Marjorie Turner-Bailey is a descendant of a group of escaped slaves and freed men and women of African origin. What is the name of this group who fled to Canada from America in the 1780s

Question 124:

What was the name of the Italian immigrant to England who was the first to map Canada’s Atlantic shore in 1497, setting foot on Newfoundland or Cape Breton Island and claiming the New Found Land for England?

Question 125:

As Governor of Quebec, Lord Dorchester defended the rights of the Canadians, defeated an American military invasion of Quebec in 1775, and supervised the Loyalist migration to Nova Scotia and Quebec in 1782–1783. His original name was

Question 126:

In 1813, Laura Secord, pioneer wife and mother of five children, made a dangerous 30-kilometre journey on foot to warn Lieutenant James FitzGibbon of a planned American attack. Her bravery contributed to the British-Canadian victory at the Battle of:

Question 127:

The United States lost this battle, near Niagara Falls, in the War of 1812. Hint: Sir Isaac Brock, Governor of Upper Canada and Commander-in-Chief, was killed in the battle.

Question 128:

When did Lord Elgin, the Governor of the Province of Canada, grant responsible government?

Question 129:

Red and white, the colours of the Canadian flag, were designated Canada’s national colours in 1921 by:

Question 130:

The flag of the Hudson’s Bay Company, a variant of the Red Ensign flag, flew over Western Canada for 200 years before Confederation.

Question 131:

In the 1850s, Canadian soldiers began using which symbol on their uniforms?

Question 132:

Phil Edwards was a Canadian track and field champion, winning bronze medals for Canada in the 1928, 1932 and 1936 Olympics. He then graduated from McGill University Medical School and went on to serve as a captain in the Canadian Army during the Second World War. As a Montreal doctor, he became an expert in tropical diseases. Where was Phil Edwards born?

Question 133:

Paul Henderson scored the winning goal for Canada in the Canada-Soviet Summit Series in hockey. In what year was this goal, often referred to as “the goal heard around the world,” scored?

Question 134:

The federal government is responsible for which of the following under the Constitution:

Question 135:

Jazz pianist Oscar Peterson received the Order of Canada in 1973 from the 20th Governor General of Canada. This Governor General (the representative of the Queen) was:

Question 136:

Canada’s national summer sport is:

Question 137:

Canada’s national winter sport is:

Question 138:

The largest freshwater lake in the world by surface area is located between the province of Ontario and the United States of America and is called:

Question 139:

In which year did the Royal Canadian Navy come into existence?

Question 140:

Niagara Falls is actually made up of three waterfalls. The American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls are located in the United States. What is the name of the waterfall on the Canadian side?

Question 141:

The CN Tower (Canadian National Tower), Canada’s tallest free-standing structure, is a communications and observation tower in downtown Toronto, Ontario. In what year was it built?

Question 142:

“O Canada” was sung for over a century before becoming Canada’s national anthem. In which year was the song officially designated by Parliament as our national anthem?

Question 143:

On September 10 of which year did the government of Mackenzie King declare war on Hitler’s Germany ten days after the rest of the British Empire declared war?

Question 144:

The easternmost point in North America is found in which part of Canada?

Question 145:

Government-funded medical care was introduced in Canada in 1962. In which province was it first introduced?

Question 146:

Canadian Joseph-Armand Bombardier is famous for inventing which of the following?

Question 147:

In 1867, four provinces joined to become the country that is now Canada. Which of the following was NOT one of the first four provinces in Canada?

Question 148:

Who was the first Canadian to go into space?

Question 149:

When did Queen Elizabeth II and United States President Eisenhower open the St. Lawrence Seaway?

Question 150:

When did the Trans-Canada Highway officially open?

Question 151:

The first flight in Canada took place on February 23, 1909, when J.A.D. McCurdy flew the Silver Dart over which location?

Question 152:

“For here [in Canada], I want the marble to remain the marble; the granite to remain the granite; the oak to remain the oak; and out of these elements, I would build a nation great among the nations of the world.” Which Prime Minister of Canada said this?

Question 153:

“I am a Canadian,
free to speak without fear,
free to worship in my own way,
free to stand for what I think right,
free to oppose what I believe wrong,
or free to choose those
who shall govern my country.
This heritage of freedom
I pledge to uphold
for myself and all mankind.”
Which Prime Minister of Canada is known for saying this?
Date Modified: