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How do I apply for citizenship?

To apply for citizenship you need to follow these steps:

1. Make sure you meet the requirements

To obtain Canadian citizenship as an adult, you must:

  • be 18 years of age or older,
  • have lived in Canada for at least 1,095 days in the four years immediately preceding the date on which you sign your application,
  • be a permanent resident of Canada and not have lost that status,
  • demonstrate adequate knowledge of English or French,
  • demonstrate adequate knowledge of Canada and of the rights and responsibilities of citizenship,
  • not be under a removal order (in other words, the Government of Canada must not have ordered you to leave the country),
  • not be a security risk and
  • not be under an immigration, criminal or security prohibition.

To apply to become a Canadian citizen as a minor, you must:

2. Apply for citizenship

Gather the required documents and fill out the forms.

To become a Canadian citizen, you have to fill out one of the following applications:

You can:

  • fill it out online and print it or
  • print it and fill it out by hand.

To help avoid delays or a refusal, make sure that you:

  • properly complete and sign the application form,
  • include all the documents listed on the Document Checklist (CIT 0462),
  • make your payment either online with a credit card or at a financial institution (such as a bank) with an official Receipt (IMM 5401), and
  • include the proof of payment.

Note: if your application is incomplete, it will be returned to you, including the fee.

Send the completed application to the Case Processing Centre (CPC) in Sydney, Nova Scotia.

3. Verify the status of your application online

Verify the status of your application online and use the citizenship study guide Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship to prepare for the citizenship test. Note: The citizenship test will also be used, in part, to determine your ability to communicate adequately in English or French.

4. Write the citizenship test

If you are between the ages of 18 and 54, write the citizenship test, to demonstrate:

5. Attend a citizenship ceremony

Attend a citizenship ceremony and take the oath, if you are 14 or older

For more information, please consult the Citizenship FAQs and Processing Times sections.

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