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I am Canadian. My children were born outside Canada. Are they Canadian?

Every situation is different. This answer is just a guide. The official way to find if your child is a citizen is to apply for a proof of citizenship for them.

This question is only for people who were citizens when their children were born. If you got Canadian citizenship after your children were born, your children did not automatically become citizens because you did.

On April 17, 2009, the rules changed for persons born outside Canada to a Canadian parent. Pick the situation that applies to you.

My children were born before April 17, 2009

There are a number of laws and rules that affect if your children are Canadian. They probably are because most children born to Canadian parents before April 17, 2009, were citizens at birth.

Use the scenarios in the instruction guide for Proof of Citizenship to see if they are Canadian.

My children were born on or after April 17, 2009

Your children will only be Canadian at birth if you:

There are exceptions to these rules.

You were born outside Canada and adopted by a Canadian

Your children born outside Canada will not be citizens if you were:

However, if your children’s other parent was born in Canada or is a naturalized citizen, your children will become citizens through them.

Your children are born outside Canada while you are working for the Canadian government

Your children will be citizens at birth if, when they were born, you had a job with:

This rule does not apply if you were employed as a locally engaged person.

You were born outside Canada while your parent worked for the Canadian government

Your children will be citizens at birth if, when you were born outside Canada, your Canadian parent had a job with:

This rule does not apply if your Canadian parent was employed as a locally engaged person.


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