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I am Canadian but my children were born outside Canada. Are they Canadian?

Every situation is different. The official way to find out if your child is a citizen is to apply for a proof of citizenship for them.

This answer is only for people who were citizens when their children were born. If you got Canadian citizenship after your children were born, they did not automatically become citizens.

On April 17, 2009, the rules changed for persons born outside Canada to a Canadian parent.

My children were born before April 17, 2009

There are many laws and rules that affect if your children are Canadian. Most children born to Canadian parents before April 17, 2009, were citizens at birth.

Find out if they are Canadian by using the scenarios in the instruction guide for Proof of Citizenship.

Find out more about the citizenship rules for people born outside of Canada before April 17, 2009.  

My children were born on or after April 17, 2009

Your children will only be Canadian at birth if you:

There are exceptions to these rules.

You were born outside Canada and adopted by a Canadian

Your children born outside Canada will not be citizens if you:

However, they will become citizens if their other parent was born in Canada or is a naturalized citizen.

Your children are born outside Canada while you are working for the Canadian government

Your children will be citizens at birth if, when they were born, you had a job with the:

This rule does not apply if you worked as a locally engaged person.

You were born outside Canada while your parent worked for the Canadian government

Your children will be citizens at birth if, when you were born outside Canada, your Canadian parent had a job with the:

This rule does not apply if your Canadian parent worked as a locally engaged person.


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