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What does “adequate knowledge” of English or French mean when applying for citizenship?

The Citizenship Act requires that new citizens have “an adequate knowledge of one of the official languages of Canada,” which are English and French.

We define “adequate knowledge” as having the equivalent of Level 4 for speaking and listening in English or French using the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) or Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadien (NCLC). This level means you can, in English or French:

Learn how we measure your ability to speak and listen in English or French using CLB / NCLC.

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