Express Entry

Can I have more than one Express Entry profile?

No. You may only have one profile at a time. This is set out in Canada’s immigration law.

Creating more than one profile will not give you a better chance at being invited or allow you to be invited under a different program.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


In my online profile or application I am getting validation errors or it tells me that fields are incomplete when they are not. What do I do?

You may want to try using a different Web browser such as Firefox or Google Chrome. You should also check your browser’s language settings and make sure it is set to English or French as special characters can cause errors.

If you are still having a problem, try clearing your browser cache. Your browser’s Help section can tell you how to do this. If the problem continues, you can contact us.

See also One of the forms in my International Experience Canada (IEC) profile is marked “In progress”. How do I fix this?


Do I need an Educational Credential Assessment to apply under Express Entry?

Not necessarily. But, to get points for your education under the Comprehensive Ranking System, you must either:

You may also need an ECA to meet the requirements of one of the programs included in Express Entry. For example, the Federal Skilled Worker Program requires you to have an ECA.


I have two degrees from outside Canada. Do I need an Educational Credential Assessment for both?

To get the most points possible for your education under the Comprehensive Ranking System, you should get your highest degree, diploma or certificate assessed (PhD, MA, BA).

If you have more than one credential, you may want to get both assessed if it would give you more points.


The online tool said I was eligible for Express Entry, but my completed profile says I’m not. Which one is right?

The online tool asks general questions to see if you may be eligible for one of the programs under Express Entry.

The Express Entry profile asks more specific and detailed questions about your qualifications. It is possible that after you gave more detailed information in your Express Entry profile that you are, in fact, not eligible.

Only a complete Express Entry profile can be used to fully assess if you are eligible.


Can I use my existing Job Bank account to get matched with employers for Express Entry?

Note: It is now optional to create a Job Match account with Job Bank. You can still create a Job Match account to help you find work.

No. If you don’t already have a valid job offer, you can create a Job Match account in Job Bank using your Express Entry profile number and Job Seeker Validation Code. A Job Match account can help you start looking for work.

Once you complete your Express Entry profile, if you are found to meet most of the requirements to enter the pool, you should get a message in your account with this information.

To create an account:


What is a personal reference code for Express Entry? Where can I get a one?

Your personal reference code shows on the screen when you have finished answering the questions in the Come to Canada tool.

It is used to transfer the information from your answers over to the Express Entry profile builder in your account. It looks like this: JM1234567890.

If you access Express Entry directly through your account, you will not get a personal reference code.

The system will ask you to enter the code after you log into your account and click the “Express Entry” button under “What would you like to do today?”

Image of “Express  Entry” button, as described above. Image of personal  reference code entry, as described bellow.

Note: The personal reference code is not the same as the Express Entry profile number. A profile number is given to each completed Express Entry profile and is sent to you in a PDF letter through your account.


My personal reference code is not working. What should I do?

If you have already started to create an Express Entry profile in your account, the reference code will not work. To continue your profile, scroll to the bottom of your account and:

If you have not started creating your profile, you will have to go through the Come to Canada tool again for a new reference code.


What do I need to create an Express Entry profile?

You can find everything you need to complete an Express Entry profile on our website.


I am a native English or French speaker. Why do I need to take a language test for Express Entry?

Canada assesses everyone using the same standards, no matter their language of origin, nationality or ethnicity.

Every candidate must take a standard test by an objective third party. This is to make sure your language skills are assessed in a fair and unbiased way.

Even someone from an English-speaking country, who speaks English as a first language, needs to take a test. Likewise, someone from a French-speaking country, who speaks French as a first language, needs to take a test.

You need to submit third-party language results for all programs under Express Entry. You will have to include the results of your test(s) in your Express Entry profile.

Language tests have been required for our skilled immigration programs for many years. Find out more about language testing.


What kind of language test can I use for Express Entry?

We only accept these tests for Express Entry:

For English

For French

Find out more about language testing.


A message in my account says my profile was updated. I didn’t update it today (or don’t see an update). What happened?

It may take up to 24 hours for the system to send a message saying that your profile has been updated.

For example, if you made a change on Monday, you may only receive a message from your account on Tuesday.


I accidently withdrew my Express Entry profile. How can I fix this?

If you withdrew your profile, you will need to create a new one if you want to enter the pool.

You will have to meet the Express Entry requirements in place at that time.


I was found not eligible for Express Entry and I can’t change my profile. What do I do?

If you’ve been found not eligible, you will need to create a new profile. An ineligible profile is no longer valid so you can’t change it, even if you have new information.

You will still have to meet the Express Entry requirements that are in place. So, unless you made a mistake in your first profile or your circumstances have changed (for example, you have new language test results, you now have more work experience, etc.), there is a good chance you will be found ineligible again.

You can review the requirements to see which ones you did not meet. This can help you find what to do to meet the requirements so you can apply again.


How do I update my Express Entry profile before submitting it?

To update your profile, follow these steps:

  1. Go to the main page of your account
  2. Scroll down to “Continue my profile / application, not yet submitted”
  3. Choose the line with your Express Entry Profile
  4. Click “Continue Profile” button
Image of "Continue my profile / application, not yet submitted" table, as described above.

Once you’re on the “Express Entry profile” page:

Image of "Image of “Express Entry profile" page, as described above.
  1. Click the “Update form” button for  the “Form Name” you want to update
  2. Make the changes you want to the fields
  3. Click the “Save and exit” button at the bottom of page to go back to “Express Entry Profile” page.

Some fields in my Express Entry profile are greyed out and I can’t change them. How do I update them?

This is an example of greyed out fields in your Express Entry profile:

Image of greyed-out fields in the form

In some places, the fields will be coloured gray, and you will not be able to update them. (A red circle with a diagonal line will also appear when you mouse over the field.) This is because the information was brought forward from the first tool (Come to Canada) you completed. To update them, you will have to update them in the previous step. To do this:

  1. From the “Express Entry Profile” page:
  2. Click on the “Modify Family Information” button at the top of the page:
    Image of "Modify Family Information" button, as described above.
  3. Change the fields as needed.
  4. Click the “Update Information” button to save any changes:
    Image of "Update Information" button, as described above.

Note: Clicking the “Update Information” button will also bring you to the next section if the change you want to make is not in the first screen.

On the following screens:

Image of three buttons described below

You have a few options. You can click:

  1. the “Next” button to save your answers and go back to the “Express Entry Profile” page,
  2. the “Save and exit questionnaire” button to return to the main page of your account, or
  3. the “Modify my Answers” button to see all the eligibility questions.

Click the “pencil” button to access the fields related to that question.


How do I confirm that my Express Entry profile is complete?

To confirm that you profile is complete:

  1. Go to the “Express Entry profile” page
  2. Click the “Continue form” button for the section with the status “in progress”
  3. Verify that all circles to the right have a green check mark in them.

    If one section displays a progress bar instead of a green check mark, open the section and complete the missing information.

  4. Click the “save and exit” button to save your changes and return to the “Express Entry profile” page.

I already submitted my Express Entry profile. Can I still update it?

If you were not found eligible, you will not be able to update your profile. You will have to create a new profile. Be sure your profile is complete and correct before you submit it.

If your profile was found eligible for the pool, you can still update it after you’ve submitted it. Follow these steps:

  1. On the main page of your account (the one that says Welcome to your account at the top), go to the section “What would you like to do today?”
  2. Scroll down to “View my submitted applications or profiles”
  3. Click on the “Check status and messages” button:
    Image of "View my submitted applications or profiles" table, as described above.
  4. On the “Application/profile details” page, click on the “view submitted application” button (near the bottom):
    Image of "View submitted application" button, as described above.
  5. On the “Express Entry profile” page, click on the “Update form” button for the section you want to change.
    Image of "Express Entry profile" page with "Update form", as described above.
    Note: if the button only says “View form,” your profile was not found eligible. You will have to submit a new one.
    Image of "Express Entry profile" page with "View form", as described above.
  6. Make any changes you need to, and then click the “Save and Exit” button at the bottom of the page.
  7. Once you have finished updating your profile, click on the “Continue” button at the bottom of the page. Follow the directions provided to submit your updated profile.

Note: The “Revert changes” button will appear each time you enter a form and click on the “Save and exit” button, even if you didn't make any changes.

If you did not make any changes, click on the “Revert changes” button to confirm this.

Image of "Revert changes" button, as described above.

Where can I find my Express Entry profile number and/or Job Seeker validation code?

You can find these numbers in a message in your account. To find it:

  1. Log into your account
  2. Go to the heading called "View my submitted applications or profiles"
  3. Click on "Check status and messages"
  4. Scroll down to the table called “Correspondence”
  5. Click on the arrow in front of the message – it will open a drop-down menu with a link
  6. Click on the link to open the PDF message
Image of "Application messages", as described above.

You can find the profile number at the top of the PDF letter (number 1 in the example below). The Job Seeker Validation Code should be under the section “To register with Job Bank” (number 2 in the example).

Example of letter:

Image of "letter", as described above.

Make sure you are looking at the right message. If the text of the message doesn’t match the example above, check other messages in your account to find the right one.

If you did not get a code, there are a few reasons why this may be.

If there is no profile number, you should contact us using the Case Specific Enquiry form.


How do I withdraw my Express Entry profile?

To withdraw your profile:

  1. On the main page of your account, go to the section “What would you like to do today?”
  2. Scroll down to “View my submitted applications or profiles”
  3. Click on the orange “Withdraw profile” button
  4. Under the heading “What would you like to do today?” below the “Warning!” text, click on the orange “Continue” button.

In an Express Entry profile, should I only include the minimum work experience needed to qualify for one of the programs, or should I include more?

To qualify for the broadest range of programs, including the Federal Skilled Worker Program, you should include work experience for the last 10 years. We also need this information for an application for permanent residence, no matter which program you are applying under.


I applied before Express Entry was launched, but my application was returned because it was incomplete (or the cap was reached). Do I answer “yes” or “no” to the “have you previously submitted an application” question?

If you got a letter from us that confirms your previous application is being processed, you should answer “yes.”

If you did not get this letter, you should answer “no.” If the application was never formally accepted for processing, we don’t count it as an application.


In an Express Entry profile, what do you mean by the “date the applicant first became qualified to practice this occupation.”?

If you are listing a skilled trade (jobs with a four-digit NOC code that begins with 632, 633, 72, 73, 82, 92) as your primary occupation:

This is the date when you first became qualified to practice on your own in that trade (for example, when you moved from apprentice to fully qualified tradesperson).

Note: If you are being assessed for the Federal Skilled Trades program, work experience in a trade will only count if you are qualified to practice in that region.

If you are listing any other primary occupation:

This is the date when you finished the minimum level of education needed for the occupation according to the National Occupational Classification code. (Note: if the NOC only states high school, this is the date you graduated from high school.)


How do I fill out my Express Entry profile when I have implied status?

“Implied status” means you can stay in Canada and keep working while we make a decision on your application.

  1. If you are working in Canada with implied status and are authorized to work in Canada at the time you complete your Express Entry profile:
    • Answer “yes” to the question “Does [your name] have a valid work permit for the current job in Canada?”
  2. If you are working in Canada with implied status, are authorized to work in Canada, and the original work permit was supported by a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA):
    • Answer “yes” to the question “Was a positive LMIA issued for the current work permit?” Where it asks for the LMIA number, you should enter the number of the expired LMIA.

If (2) is true, for the question “Was a positive LMIA issued for the job offer in Canada?”

answer “no” if:

answer “yes” if:


How do I get education points for Express Entry if I have two or more degrees or diplomas?

To get the correct number of points, make sure you enter full details for each of your degrees or diplomas.

Fill in all fields in the Education history section. When you are done, click Save and add. After you do:

You will get more points for a master’s or a doctorate, so if you have one, choose it from the drop-down menu.


If my Express Entry profile expires, will the system keep my information?

No, the system will not keep your information. We had planned to allow the system to save profile information, so it would be easier to complete a new profile when the first one expired. We have found that this option is not possible at this time. Should the option become available in the future, we will update this information online.

If your profile is about to expire, you must complete and submit a new one if you want to stay in the Express Entry pool.

You can save screen shots of your profile to make it easier to re-enter your data.

Do not create a new profile until your existing one expires. If you decide to create and submit a new profile before your existing one expires, you will need to withdraw your existing profile first.

Find more information.


Can I be eligible for more than one program under Express Entry?

Yes. Depending on the information in your profile, you may be eligible for more than one program through Express Entry.

In that case, you will be invited to apply for one program based on this order:

For example:

You can’t choose which program you are invited to apply for. The system will sort profiles based on the information you enter.

If you decline the invitation, the system will not re-invite you under the next program. You will go back in the pool, and if we invite you again, the same order will apply.


Can I be invited to apply if I've lost my username or password?

Yes. If you are invited to apply, you will get an email at the address you provided. The email will say that you have a new message in your account.

To accept or decline your invitation, you will need to sign in to your account.

If you've forgotten your password or username, follow these instructions.

If you need to create a new account, you'll need to link your application to your new account. You may need your profile or application number to do this. You can find this number at the end of the subject line of an email we've sent you (example: W300027607).

After you change your password or link your application, follow these steps:

  1. Go back to the main page in your account.
  2. Scroll down to the table under the heading "Continue my profile/application, not yet submitted".
  3. Find the application called
    • "Work permit" for International Experience Canada, or
    • "Permanent residence" for Express Entry.
  4. To accept your invitation to apply, click "Start application."

If there's no application, you can check the status and messages for your profile under the heading "View my submitted applications/profiles."


Why did you change the number of points for a valid job offer in Express Entry?

By awarding additional points for a job offer based on the NOC, we can get a better balance of top talent from the pool.

This means that if you have a high CRS score for your skills and experience alone, you are more likely to be invited to apply.

For a valid job offer under Express Entry, you can now get:

We used to award 600 points for a valid job offer. This changed on November 19, 2016.

Those points caused the system to place too much weight on job offers. This made it hard for highly skilled people without job offers, who we want in our economy, to be invited to apply.

This change will better recognize both a person’s skills and experience with the value they bring to the economy.


Do I need a permanent job offer for Express Entry?

No. As of November 19, 2016, a valid job offer for Express Entry only needs to be for one year or more.

Job offers must still be:

Why we changed it

There are many types of skilled jobs where long-term contracts are typical, such as research chairs, IT workers, CEOs, etc.

This change will make it easier for businesses to use Express Entry, and for skilled workers to secure a job offer.


What makes a job offer valid under Express Entry?

Generally, a valid offer is for a job that is:

A job offer must be in writing, and must set out details of the job they are offering you, such as:

In most cases, a valid job offer must be supported by a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). The employer has to apply for one from Employment and Social Development Canada/Service Canada.

If they get a positive LMIA, they must give you a copy and a written job offer.

In some cases, your employer does not need an LMIA to support your job offer. Find out more about jobs that are exempt.

Under Express Entry, a valid job offer will give you additional points in the Comprehensive Ranking System.

A work permit on its own is not a job offer, even if it is an open work permit.

When you create your Express Entry profile, include the LMIA number to show that you have a valid job offer.

If you get invited to apply, we may ask you for the original document, so keep it in a safe place.

A job offer is not valid if your employer is:

If your employer is not eligible, does not get a positive LMIA, or is not LMIA-exempt you will not meet the requirements of a valid job offer for arranged employment.

Find out more about offers of employment and exemptions.


What do you mean by Primary Occupation?

Your primary occupation means the job you have experience in (within the last ten years) and want to base your immigration application on, if you are invited to apply.


How do I find my National Occupation Classification (NOC) code?

Your National Occupation Classification (NOC) code is the number the job is listed under in Canada’s official job classification system. Find the NOC code and title for a job.


Why didn’t I get points for my job offer in Express Entry?

To get points from the Comprehensive Ranking System for a job offer in Express Entry, your employer will usually need to get a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).

You should only answer “Yes” to the question “Does [your name] have a job offer in Canada?” if:

If you are currently working in Canada but have not been offered a job that is supported by a LMIA (or is exempt from needing one), you should:

Note: From January 1, 2015 to November 19, 2016, jobs offers that didn’t need an LMIA were not considered valid for Express Entry. We now accept certain job offers that don’t need an LMIA.

Find out more about what makes a job offer valid.


I am working in Canada on a valid work permit. Does this count as a job offer?

No, a work permit is not a job offer. A job offer is valid if your current or future employer:

This is true whether you are working in Canada or not.

There are only two reasons that an employer making you a job offer does not need to get a new LMIA:

Find out more about what makes a job offer valid.


There is no National Occupation Classification (NOC) code on my work permit. What should I put in my Express Entry profile?

If there is no National Occupational Classification (NOC) code on your work permit, you should find and use the NOC code of the job you are currently doing in Canada.

Find the NOC code and title for your job.


If I am waiting for a new work permit and I have job offer points, do I have to remove the job offer from my Express Entry profile?

“Implied status” means you can stay in Canada and keep working while we make a decision on your application.

If you have implied status, and have applied to renew your work permit, you can keep working for the same employer under the same conditions. You are still eligible for job offer points during this time.

If you are invited to apply, your Express Entry profile answers will be carried forward to your online application for permanent residence. It will show that you have a valid work permit supported by an LMIA (if you need one) in a NOC 0, A or B job. You will not need to change the answers.

You must submit a copy of your LMIA with the application if your work permit was supported by an LMIA.

Note: The points you can get for a job offer has changed. You can now get:


What work experience can I count towards the Federal Skilled Trades Program’s two-year requirement?

In the Federal Skilled Trades program, work experience in a trade can only count if you are qualified to independently practice that trade in the region where you got your work experience.

If you are qualified in one country, you might work in another country that has different rules for practicing your trade. In that case, the work experience from the second country will only count towards the two-year work experience requirement if you also met the requirements to practice there independently.

For example, if you are a plumber from Germany and worked for one year in Poland, you need to prove that you were certified to be a plumber in Germany, and that you were qualified to work in Poland according to Polish regulations at the time for this work experience to count.


I have been working in Canada for the last six months but didn’t get points for work experience. Why not?

Under the Express Entry Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), to be awarded points for skilled work experience, you must have been:

We do not count work experience if you were:

Please note: Work experience does not need to be continuous to get points under the CRS. But, to qualify under the Federal Skilled Worker Program, you must have at least one year of continuous full-time paid work experience, either in Canada or abroad.


If I am under implied status while in the Express Entry pool, will I still get the job offer points?

If you show in your Express Entry profile that you have a valid job offer, you will automatically be awarded additional points towards your Comprehensive Ranking System score.

If your job offer is from your current employer, and you are under implied status, you must keep working for the same employer under the same conditions in order to keep your job offer points.

Note: The points you can get for a job offer has changed. You can now get:


What if I am invited to apply for Express Entry while waiting for a new work permit?

If you applied for a new work permit before your old one expired, you are under “implied status” until we make a decision on your application.

Job offer information from your current employer in your Express Entry profile will carry forward to your application if we invite you to apply for permanent residence while under implied status.

If you are not sure you answered correctly:

  1. go to the “work history” screen, under the “Intended work in Canada” section
  2. scroll down to the section about Labour Market Impact Assessments (LMIA)
  3. if your employer had an LMIA for your work permit, make sure you answered “yes” to the question “Was a positive LMIA issued for the job offer in Canada?”
  4. under “LMIA number,” enter the number from the expired LMIA
  5. if your work permit is LMIA-exempt, for the question “Was a positive LMIA issued for the job offer in Canada?” choose the correct answer from the “No – My work permit is exempt…” options.

To prove that you are under implied status, include a copy of your new LMIA (if this applies) and work permit applications when you apply. When you get to the document checklist, select “add letter of explanation” to upload it into the “Optional documents” section.

As long as you still have implied status at the time you apply, you do not need to wait for your new work permit to be approved.

If we issue you a new work permit before you submit your application, you need to update this information before you submit it.

If we refuse you a new work permit before you submit your application, you may want to decline the invitation to apply, since the information in your profile is no longer up to date. You will be put back in the pool, and should update your profile to show the change in your work status.

You can recalculate your score to see if you still have enough points to be invited to apply.

If losing job offer points brings your score below the minimum score for your round of invitation, we will refuse your application. If we refuse your application, we will not refund your processing fees.


I was invited to apply through Express Entry but my work permit expired. What do I do?

If you did not apply for a new work permit before your original one expired (in other words, maintain implied status), it may cause your score to drop. This could cause you to not be eligible any more.

If your score has dropped below the minimum cut off for your round of invitations, you should decline the invitation. If this happens and you submit your application anyway, we will refuse it.

If we refuse your application, we will not refund your fees.

If you decline, you will be put back in the pool. You should update your Express Entry profile to show the change in your work status.

You may be able to restore your work permit status. If your status is restored and you still have an eligible Express Entry profile, you may be invited to again apply for permanent residence in the future.


I didn’t get a Job Seeker Validation Code in the message you sent to my account. Why not?

If you got an Express Entry profile number but not a Job Seeker Validation Code you should contact us using the Case Specific Enquiry form.

To be eligible for Express Entry, you need to meet the minimum requirements and complete a profile.


Do I need a job offer to get into the Express Entry pool?

No, in most cases you don’t need a job offer.

But, you will need one if you:

Even if you don’t need one, you may want to try and find a valid job offer. It will give you a much higher point score, and so a better chance of being invited to apply.


How do I register with / create a Job Match account in Job Bank?

Note: It is now optional to create a Job Match account with Job Bank. You can still create a Job Match account to help you find work.

Job Bank is a database that can help match you with employers looking for workers with your skills.

If your Express Entry profile is found eligible, you can create a Job Match account. To do so:


How do I upload more supporting documents after I have already submitted my online application for permanent residence through Express Entry?

Once you have submitted your online application for permanent residence, you cannot send more documents through your account unless IRCC asks for them.

If IRCC asks for a document, you will get a message in your account.

To upload a document:

  1. Sign in to your account.
  2. Under “View my submitted applications” click on “Check status and messages.”
  3. Under “Application Details” click on “View submitted application” at the bottom of the page.
  4. On this page, you can upload the additional document the same way you uploaded the others when you first applied.

If you need to send documents that we did not ask for (for example, an updated Travel History form), go to our Web form and follow the instructions.


How can I update or ask about an IRCC application that is in progress?

If you have not submitted your final, complete application and your uploaded documents, select the “Report a technical issue” button at the top corner of your account page.

If you have submitted your online application and documents, use this Web form.


What can I apply for online?

You can apply online to:

You can also:

See: How can I check the status of my application?


What is a personal document checklist?

A personal document checklist is a list of forms and documents you need to complete and send in with your application.

If you are applying for a visitor visa, study or work permit, this checklist is based on the answers you gave in the online immigration eligibility questionnaire.

If you are applying for permanent residence online, the checklist is based on the answers you gave while completing your application.

Use this page to upload the supporting documents you need to include when you submit your application.


What is a personal reference code?

Your personal reference code is a unique code given to you through Come to Canada, our online eligibility tool. You’ll need to enter this code to:

You can find your personal reference code at the top of your results page after you answer all the questions in the tool.

You should write it down and print a copy of your results and/or checklist. This code is only valid for 60 days from the date you get it.


What if I don’t know how to answer a question in my online application?

Some questions have help text that explains the question. To see it, click on the help (?) icon on the right side of the question.

We have also linked some words to our glossary or website. If a word in a question is underlined, you can click on the word to see the definition, or it will lead you to a page on our website with more details.


How do I exit and save my online application?

When logged into your account:


What does it mean when I electronically sign my online application?

By electronically signing your online application or online request, you are declaring that:


What do I do if the online application system is down?

There are times where the system will be down for routine maintenance. Follow Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada on Twitter for notifications on when the system will be unavailable.

Notices will also be posted on our website.

If the system is down and it is not a scheduled outage for system maintenance, please let us know, and try again later.


Who can I contact if I have questions about GCKey or Sign-In Partner (SecureKey Concierge)?

For questions about GCKey, please call 1-855-438-1102. The GCKey help desk is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. More information is available on the GCKey website.

For questions about Sign-In Partner (SecureKey Concierge), please call:


How do I get a GCKey?

To register for a GCKey, go to the sign in page and click the “Continue to GCKey” button.

Then, choose a user name and a password. It’ll ask you to create security questions. Keep a copy of this in a safe place in case you forget.


What do I do if I lost my GCKey username or password?

If you lost your GCKey password, you can create a new password. Go to the sign-in page for GCKey and you’ll be able to create a new password after you answer the password recovery questions you previously set up while registering for a GCKey.

If you lost your GCKey username, you will have to create a new GCKey. If you create a new GCKey you can access an application by linking the application to your new account.

See also: I recently reset my account, but I don’t see my application. How can I get it back?


What do I do if I have technical problems when applying online?

We want to know about any technical issues you’re having so we can help solve the issue.

If you’re having problems with our forms, read about downloading and uploading forms and documents first.

If you have problems before you apply (while you’re filling out your online application or uploading your documents): Use the Report a technical issue button at the top of your account.

If you have problems after you submit your application: Use our web form and choose Technical difficulties as the type of enquiry.

To help us find and solve the issue as fast as possible, include :

If you have it, also include your:

For technical issues uploading a form or document, include:

For technical issues linking your application to a new account, include:

For all other technical issues, include:

If you need to send many documents and images, find out how to combine documents.

We’ll try to answer within 10 business days after you contact us . Don’t send your question more than once. It can delay our answer.


I recently reset my account, but I don’t see my application. How can I get it back?

If you have just reset your account because you lost your username and/or password, as a security measure we need to ask you questions about the application you submitted before we give you access to it.

To link an application you have in progress to your account, sign in to your account and click on “Link application to this account” under the heading “What would you like to do today?”

You will have to tell us specific information about the application you would like to access. Have a copy of your application form on hand as you will have to enter the information exactly as you did on your application form.


Who is a federal skilled worker?

We have been returning fees paid to the Department for Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) applications affected by the backlog elimination announced in 2012.

If you applied to the FSW program before February 27, 2008, and have not heard from us about whether a decision has been made based on the assessment of your application, you may be affected by this law. Please see how you can get your fee returned – archived.

Skilled workers are chosen as permanent residents based on their education, work experience, knowledge of English and/or French, and other factors. These things often help them succeed in Canada.

Since January 1, 2015, completing an Express Entry profile is the first step in immigrating to Canada permanently as a skilled worker under the:

Under the Express Entry system, we will invite people to apply for permanent residence based on the information they enter in an online profile. You cannot apply directly to any of these programs unless we send you an invitation to apply.

Skilled workers who want to live in Quebec apply under a separate category. The province of Quebec selects its own skilled workers. Applicants who intend to go to Quebec are known as “Quebec-selected” skilled workers.


Can I withdraw my federal skilled worker application?

We have been returning fees paid to the Department for Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) applications affected by the backlog elimination announced in 2012.

If you applied to the FSW program before February 27, 2008, and have not heard from us about whether a decision has been made based on the assessment of your application, you may be affected by this law. Please see how you can get your fee returned - archived.

Yes. Contact your local visa office to withdraw your application.


What is arranged employment for the Federal Skilled Worker Program?

Under the Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) Program, arranged employment means you have a valid job offer from a Canadian employer.

Having a valid job offer affects you in two different ways: for eligibility under the FSWP, and later, for points towards your total score.

Arranged employment is worth 15 points on the FSW selection factors. (This is how we find if you are eligible for the FSW program through Express Entry).

To immigrate to Canada as a FSW, you must complete an Express Entry profile and be invited to apply.

Under Express Entry, if you have a valid job offer from a Canadian employer, you can earn between 50 and 200 points under the Comprehensive Ranking System. This depends on the type of job. It will give you a better chance of being invited to apply at the next round of invitation.

For either, a job offer must be in writing, and must set out details of the job they are offering you, such as:

A work permit on its own is not a job offer, even if it is an open work permit.


What are the minimum requirements to apply as a federal skilled worker?

The minimum requirements for federal skilled workers are:

Skilled work experience
You must have at least one year, in the last ten years before you submit your electronic application for permanent residence, of continuous full-time work experience (or the equivalent in continuous part-time work) in a skilled occupation listed in Skill Type 0, or Skill Level A or B of the 2011 version of Canada’s National Occupational Classification (NOC).

Language ability
You must show that you meet or exceed the language threshold of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7 with test results from a IRCC-designated language testing organization.

Education
You must provide either a Canadian educational credential or a foreign educational credential and an Educational Credential Assessment report from a designated agency to prove that your overseas diploma, degree or certificate is equivalent to a completed Canadian credential. (Points will be awarded based on the completed Canadian educational credential or the value of the foreign educational credential in Canadian standards.)

If you meet all the minimum requirements, we will assess your application based on the selection factors in the federal skilled worker points grid.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


How do I find my Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level with my test results?

You can find the CLB level of your language test results for CELPIP, IELTS or TEF, with our language test equivalency charts.

The CLB level is what you will use on your permanent residence application.


If I do not meet the language threshold in one of the four skill areas, can I still submit an Express Entry profile?

To be selected as a federal skilled worker, you need a minimum skill level of at least Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7 in each of the four abilities (speaking, listening, reading, and writing). You must meet the threshold in all four abilities or your Express Entry profile will not be considered under the Federal Skilled Worker program.

In the case that you have a proven medical disability preventing you from being able to obtain a score in one or more of the four skill areas, you are required to include the average score based on your assessed abilities. Use the Comprehensive Ranking System – Language tool to find out on how to do this.


What is the pass mark for the federal skilled worker selection grid?

Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a federal skilled worker. You will need to complete an Express Entry profile and meet the minimum criteria to be accepted into the pool.

If you are interested in the Federal Skilled Worker stream, you will need to meet, at minimum, the pass mark of 67 points out of 100 on the Federal Skilled Worker grid.

If you are accepted into the Express Entry pool, you are not guaranteed to receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


Can I be chosen to apply for permanent residence as a federal skilled worker if I am 47 years old or over?

If you meet the criteria to get into the Express Entry pool: Yes. If you are 47 or over, you will not get any points under the Age factor of the Comprehensive Ranking System, but you may get points for other factors such as a job offer, your skills, your language abilities, etc. You may still be invited to apply based on your CRS score and your rank in the pool.

If you receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence through the Express Entry system under the FSW program: Yes. If you are over 47, you will not get any points under the Age factor of the FSW selection grid, but you can still apply.  The applicant's age is worth 12 percent of the overall selection criteria on the FSW selection grid.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a federal skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


The employer I work for temporarily in Canada wants to offer me a full-time job. Will I need a new LMIA for Express Entry?

In most cases, your current employer does not need to re-apply if they already got a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) to hire you.

For example, they do not need to re-apply if:

If you are working in Canada on a work permit that does not need an LMIA, your employer doesn’t need to get one to make your job offer valid.

When you create your Express Entry profile, you can show that you have a job offer. If we invite you to apply, you will need to submit a copy of the documents with your application.

But, if you plan to work for a different employer and want job offer points (or a valid job offer for the Federal Skilled Worker or the Federal Skilled Trades programs), your new employer will usually need to apply for a new LMIA (unless the job is exempt).

You must complete an Express Entry profile as the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker.


I work in Canada on an LMIA-exempt work permit. How do I get job offer points for Express Entry?

It depends on why your permit is exempt from a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).

Under Express Entry, some LMIA-exempt jobs count towards job offer points. For example, if you are working in Canada on a LMIA-exempt work permit that was issued under an international agreement or Federal-Provincial-Territorial agreement (or certain other cases), you don’t need your current employer to get an LMIA for your job offer to be valid.

If your work permit is LMIA-exempt for any other reason, your employer still needs to get an LMIA to improve your chances of being invited to apply. These exemptions apply to temporary workers, but not to Express Entry. A valid job offer supported by an LMIA could get you more points under the Comprehensive Ranking System.

A work permit on its own is not a job offer, even if it is an open work permit. You need a written offer. Find out more about valid job offers.

Find out more about which types of jobs don’t need an LMIA.


I am working in Canada on a post-graduation work permit. Do I need a Labour Market Impact Assessment?

Not necessarily.

If you are working in Canada on a post-graduation work permit, and have a valid job offer, your current employer will need to get an LMIA if:

If a job is exempt, it means your employer does not need an LMIA to support your job offer.

If you are invited under the Canadian Experience Class, you don’t need an LMIA to meet the program requirements.

But, a valid job offer supported by an LMIA can get you more points under the Comprehensive Ranking System. This can improve your chances of being invited to apply. So in that case, your employer may want to get an LMIA, even though you don’t need it to be eligible.

You must complete an Express Entry profile as the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker.


How can I get the most possible points for the Adaptability factor under the Federal Skilled Worker program?

The maximum amount of points for the adaptability factor is 10.

You can get them by adding up the points from up to two criteria. Even if more than two of these apply to you and your spouse, you can only get 10 points in total.

Find out more about how to get points for adaptability.


Can I count my work as a teaching assistant toward the work experience requirement?

You may be able to count experience as a teaching, research or lab assistant at a post-secondary educational institution, (see National Occupation Classification 4012) toward the work experience requirement, depending on the eligibility criteria of the programs.

If after submitting your Express Entry profile you are invited to apply, you must show that you did the job as described in the occupational description of the NOC, meaning that you did all the essential duties and most of the main duties listed. If you do not show that your experience meets the description in NOC, your application will be refused.

To be considered under the Canadian Experience Class:

You cannot count work experience you gained while enrolled as a full-time student. Your work experience must have been gained while on a valid work permit, such as the Post-Graduation Work Permit.

You must have gained the equivalent amount of experience as someone who worked full-time for at least one year (1,560 hours) in the three years before you submit your Express Entry profile.

To be considered under the Federal Skilled Worker Program:

Your work experience must have been full-time (or the equivalent in part-time hours), worked continuously and paid, for at least one year in the same occupation.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


Can I re-use my Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report to submit my Express Entry profile?

Yes, provided that it is still valid.

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) will accept ECA reports for five years from the date they are issued, so long as they were issued on or after April 17, 2013.

If you got an ECA report before that date, you should contact the organization to see if they will re-issue it.

When creating your Express Entry profile, in your educational history you will be asked to include certain details from your ECA report. Keep your ECA report in a safe and accessible place as you may be requested to submit it if you are invited to apply.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


What are the language requirements for the Federal Skilled Worker Program?

You must prove your language skills by taking a third-party language test from an agency designated by us.

When creating your Express Entry profile, you must fill in all the information related to the language test you have taken in English and/or French for your first and second official language.

You also need to make sure that you meet the minimum language threshold in order to be eligible for the program.

Your language test results must be valid (written in the last two years) when you submit your application for permanent residence. If they expire, you should retake the test and provide us with valid results. Otherwise, your application will be rejected as incomplete or may be refused.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


Are any Federal Skilled Worker immigration applicants exempt from the mandatory language test?

No, there are no exceptions to this rule. Each of the programs under Express Entry requires the submission of third-party language results. You will include the results of your test(s) in your Express Entry profile. Canada wants to assess all applicants against the same standards, no matter their language of origin, nationality or ethnicity.

Even someone from an English-speaking country, who speaks English as a first language, would need to take the test. Similarly, someone from a French-speaking country, who speaks French as a first language, needs to take a test.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


How does a third-party language test help me with my immigration process?

First, you will know ahead of time whether or not your language abilities qualify to immigrate to Canada under one of these programs.

Second, you will get an objective, realistic assessment of your language ability. The test will also reveal areas where you could improve.

A third-party language test is the most efficient way to have your language skills assessed. This helps us to process applications more quickly.

Also, many regulatory bodies and industries will need you to have language testing. Taking the test gets you one step closer toward getting a job in Canada.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


Where can I take a third-party language test for my immigration application?

Inside Canada:

Outside Canada:

Check the website of each approved language testing agency for test locations and dates.


How can I immigrate to the province of Quebec as a skilled worker?

If you want to immigrate to the province of Quebec as a skilled worker, follow the steps below.

Under Canadian law, Quebec can select its own immigrants to settle in the province. However, these people must still meet our requirements to be admitted to Canada. See reasons for inadmissibility.

Step 1

Contact the Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Diversité et de l’Inclusion du Québec and apply for a Certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ).

Step 2

If Quebec approves your CSQ application, mail a permanent residence application to the Centralized Intake Office (CIO) in Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada. An IRCC officer will approve or refuse your application, based on the information you provide.


Do I need an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) to apply as a federal skilled worker?

In most cases, yes. In order to immigrate as a federal skilled worker, you will need an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA).

If you were educated in Canada, you do not need one.


Where can I get an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA)?

You can get an ECA at any of the designated organizations listed below. We only accept assessments from these organizations.

When they assess your education, they will give you a report that tells you what your education is equal to in Canada.

We only accept assessments issued on or after the date the organizations were designated to do ECA reports for immigration purposes. If you got a report before that date, contact the organization to see if they’ll re-issue it.

Assessment of most foreign education

You must use an organization on our list. If an organization isn’t on this list, we will not accept assessments from them.

If you aren’t sure which organization to choose, contact them.

Assessment for specialist and family physicians

You must get your report from the Medical Council of Canada (designated April 17, 2013) if your primary occupation is:

Assessment for pharmacists

If you are a pharmacist (NOC code 3131), where you need to get your report depends on your job.

If you need a license to practice you must get your report from the Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada (designated January 6, 2014). This applies to you if you care for patients in a:

If you do not need a license for your job, you can get your assessment from any other designated ECA organization. This includes jobs where you may need a pharmacy degree but may not need to have a licence to practice, such as:

Contact the regulatory body in the province where you plan to live to find out if you need a licence to practice.


Does an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) mean that I can be licensed in a regulated profession?

No. Getting an ECA to meet the requirements of the Federal Skilled Worker Program does not mean that your work experience and professional credentials are automatically recognized in Canada. You must still go through the process of getting your license.

Each province or territory in Canada has the power to regulate and license professions. Licensing is generally done through provincial or territorial regulatory bodies.

If you plan to work in a regulated profession, you should contact the regulatory authority in the province where you plan to work to find out more about how to get a license.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


How much does an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) cost, and how long does it take to get one?

The fees for an ECA report and the length of time to get one vary and can change without notice.

Each assessment organization sets their cost for an ECA.

For most people, the cost is about CAN$200 plus the cost to have it delivered. Delivery costs depend on how you choose it to be sent, with courier delivery being the most expensive.

If you are a family or specialist physician, or a pharmacist, the cost will be higher. You will need to contact the assessment organization to find out how much it will cost.

The time to get your education assessed is different for each organization. It can take from a few weeks to a few months.

No matter which one you choose, keep in mind that it will be much faster if you provide all the documents they ask you for and make sure your application is complete before you send it.

Find out more about designated organizations.


How long is an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report valid for?

We will accept ECA reports for five years from the date they are issued, so long as they were issued on or after April 17, 2013.

If you got an ECA report before that date, you should contact the organization to see if they will re-issue it.


What credential should I get assessed for immigration purposes?

Usually, you should choose the highest level degree, diploma or certificate (or combination) that will award you the most points.

For example, you would get more points for an ECA report that shows you have a Canadian equivalent of a master’s degree than for one that shows you have the equivalent of a bachelor’s degree.

But, if you have more than one degree or diploma (if the highest is at least at a bachelor’s level), you will get more points than a single bachelor’s degree.

For example, you hold

In this case, you need to get an ECA for each credential to get the maximum points.

Find out more about getting your education assessed.


Am I eligible to apply as a permanent resident under the Canadian Experience Class?

To be eligible, you must:

To find out if your work experience qualifies, search for it in the official list.

There are also other requirements you must meet.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


How do I apply to immigrate if I have work experience in Canada?

First you must fill out an Express Entry profile online to find out if you meet the minimum criteria for the Express Entry pool.

If we invite you to apply:

You must also:

Find out more about how to apply.


Who cannot apply for permanent residence under the Canadian Experience Class?

The Canadian Experience Class is for people who already have skilled work experience in Canada.

You are not eligible for permanent residence under the Canadian Experience Class if you gained your work experience:

You also must not:

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


How long will it take to process my application for permanent residence under the Canadian Experience Class?

If you applied on or after January 1, 2015 – Express Entry

Our processing time for complete Express Entry applications is six months or less for 80% of cases. If your case is complex or if there are missing documents, it may take longer.

If you applied before January 1, 2015

You can check your processing time on this site.


How do I help keep my Express Entry application from being delayed or refused?

To help keep your application from being delayed or refused, make sure you:

Completing an Express Entry profile doesn’t guarantee that you will be invited to apply for permanent residence. Invitations are based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


Can I complete an Express Entry profile before I have a year of work experience?

No, you should not complete an Express Entry profile in this case. If you do not have a full year of experience, the system will not find you eligible.

To meet the minimum criteria for the Express Entry pool, you must be eligible for at least one of the programs under Express Entry.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


If I worked or studied in Canada illegally, can I use that experience in my Canadian Experience Class application?

No. Any experience you list in your application under the Canadian Experience Class must be legal to be valid. You cannot have worked or studied without authorization. If you have ever done so, your application will be refused.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


Do I need a medical exam to apply for permanent residence, if I’ve already had one for my permit?

Yes. Even if you had a medical exam previously, all applicants for permanent residence must have a medical exam.

A medical exam is needed to make sure that:

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


Can I apply under the Canadian Experience Class if I am currently living in Quebec and I plan to live elsewhere in Canada?

Yes. You can apply and count your work experience in Quebec.

If you plan to live in Quebec, you must apply to the Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Diversité et de l’Inclusion du Québec. Quebec selects its own immigrants.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


Can I renew my post-graduation work permit in order to keep working while my Canadian Experience Class application is being processed?

The Post-Graduation Work Permit Program is a one-time opportunity for international students who graduate from certain Canadian post-secondary institutions. If you are awaiting a decision on your CEC application and your post-graduation work permit is about to expire, you may be able to apply for a bridging open work permit.

Bridging open work permits allow qualified applicants whose work permits are about to expire to keep working while they wait for a final decision on their permanent residence application.

Find out if you are eligible to apply for a bridging open work permit.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


If I applied under the previous Canadian Experience Class caps (before January 1, 2015), will you still process my application, or should I re-apply under the new Express Entry system?

It depends on when we got your application:

Once we assess your application, we will process it if:

If we got your application before January 1, 2015 and sent it back to you because it was incomplete, overcap, or refused it because you were not found eligible, you may wish to assess your qualifications to see if you are eligible to be entered into the Express Entry pool.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


Do skilled temporary foreign workers need a certain education level to apply for permanent residence?

No. You don’t need a certain level of education to apply to stay permanently in Canada. But, you can get Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points if you have high school education or higher.

To get points for education outside Canada, you must have an Education Credential Assessment.

You can now also earn additional CRS points for study in Canada above high school:

Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. In it, you can give details about your education.


Can I still be eligible for Canadian Experience Class if I have returned to my country?

Yes, you can be eligible for the Canadian Experience Class so long as you meet the requirements under the class, including having gained at least 12 months of full-time (or an equal amount of part-time) work experience in a NOC 0, A, or B occupation in Canada in the three years before you are invited to apply.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


What are the language requirements I need to meet in order to apply for permanent residence under the Canadian Experience Class?

The Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) is the Canadian standard used to describe, measure and recognize language ability of adult immigrants and prospective immigrants who plan to live and work in Canada. To apply under the Canadian Experience Class you will need to take a language test that is approved by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada and demonstrate that you meet the language requirements for your occupation. Your test results need to be included with your application.

If your work experience is in National Occupational Classification (NOC) skill type 0 or skill level A occupations, you must meet the minimum level of CLB 7 in each language ability (speaking, reading, writing and listening). If your work experience is in NOC skill level B occupations, you must meet the minimum level of CLB 5 in each language ability (speaking, reading, writing and listening). If you do not meet the minimum language skills needed for your NOC category, your application will not be processed.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


I graduated a while ago, then earned one-year of work experience and now I am back in school. Can I apply for permanent residence under the Canadian Experience Class?

Yes, as long as you gained skilled work experience of at least one year in an occupation listed under the 2011 National Occupational Classification (NOC) as Skill Type 0 (managerial occupations), Skill Level A (professional occupations) or Skill level B (technical and trade occupations).

Your work experience must have been gained in Canada within the three years before we receive your Canadian Experience Class application. Work experience gained while studying full time on a student permit (for example, experience gained while on co-op) does not count.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


I am currently studying in Canada. Can I immigrate permanently?

You may be able to apply to immigrate permanently after you graduate. To do so, you need one year of skilled work experience in Canada.

The year of skilled work experience must be in a job that is listed in the 2011 National Occupation Classification as:

To qualify, you must also meet our language standards (depending on your job).

One way to get this work experience is through a post-graduation work permit. You can get one if you graduate from certain Canadian post-secondary schools. To qualify, the school must take part in our Post-Graduation Work Permit Program.

Students can now also earn additional Comprehensive Ranking Score points for study in Canada above high school:

You must complete an Express Entry profile as the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker.


I am from an English-speaking country. Do I still need to provide proof of language ability to apply under the Canadian Experience Class?

Yes. All applicants must provide proof of language ability in one of Canada’s two official languages. You must give us official test results designated by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada. See more information on language testing.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


I have a PhD and am in a post-doctoral program. Do I qualify for the Canadian Experience Class?

Work experience gained while you were on a study permit will not count towards meeting the Canadian Experience Class requirements.

But, you may still be eligible if you:

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


What kind of work experience do I need to apply for permanent residence under the Canadian Experience Class?

To apply for permanent residence under the Canadian Experience Class, your skilled work experience must:

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


Can I count both high-skilled and low-skilled experience toward the work experience required to apply under the Canadian Experience Class?

No. You can only count work experience in one or more of these 2011 National Occupational Classification (NOC) categories:

You cannot count work experience in these National Occupational Classification (NOC) categories:

National Occupational Classification (NOC) Skill Levels C and D occupations include semi- and low-skilled workers in the trades, primary and manufacturing industries, sales and services, as well as certain clerical and assistant categories.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


Can I count experience I got in Canada while waiting for a decision on my refugee application?

No. Under the Canadian Experience Class, you must have had temporary resident status and the proper work or study authorization when you gained the Canadian work experience or educational credential you are claiming.

Refugee claimants who have authorization to work or study while waiting for a decision on their claim do not have temporary resident status and cannot apply under this category.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


Can I count part-time work toward the work experience requirement?

You can count part-time work toward the work experience requirement, as long as you were not a full-time student at the time.

However, you must have gained the equivalent amount of experience as someone who worked full-time for at least one year (1560 hours)


Can I count work experience that was part of my education toward the work requirement?

No. Co-op terms and apprenticeships completed before graduating do not count as skilled work experience. They are considered part of an educational program.

The work experience you can use to apply for the Canadian Experience Class must not have been gained while studying full time on a student permit (for example, experience gained while on a co-op work term).


While working under a post-graduate work permit to get experience to qualify for the Canadian Experience Class, can I switch employers?

Yes. The post-graduation work permit is an “open” work permit, meaning that you can work for any Canadian employer unless there are restrictions listed on the work permit.  Keep in mind that skilled work experience is needed to qualify for the Canadian Experience Class. Skilled work experience means working in an occupation that is listed under the National Occupational Classification (NOC) at Skill Type 0 (managerial occupations), or Skill Level A (professional occupations) or Skill level B (technical and trade occupations).

More information on 2011 NOC codes is available on the Social Development Canada website.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


How much work experience do I need to be eligible for the Canadian Experience Class?

To be eligible for permanent residence under the Canadian Experience Class you must have completed, within the three years before you apply, at least:

You must also complete an Express Entry profile.


Does the one year of work experience to qualify under the Canadian Experience Class include non-paid employment? Is there a minimum wage requirement for qualifying employment?

Non-paid employment does not qualify under the Canadian Experience Class. You must have been paid a wage (or earned a commission) but there is no minimum wage requirement for your qualifying work experience.

Full-time work experience means working at least 30 paid hours per week. To qualify, you must have skilled work experience, meaning work in occupations listed at NOC Skill Type 0 (managerial), or NOC Skill Level A (professional occupations) or NOC skill Level B (technical and trade occupations).

See jobs and their National Occupational Classification descriptions.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


Are any Federal Skilled Worker immigration applicants exempt from the mandatory language test?

No, there are no exceptions to this rule. Each of the programs under Express Entry requires the submission of third-party language results. You will include the results of your test(s) in your Express Entry profile. Canada wants to assess all applicants against the same standards, no matter their language of origin, nationality or ethnicity.

Even someone from an English-speaking country, who speaks English as a first language, would need to take the test. Similarly, someone from a French-speaking country, who speaks French as a first language, needs to take a test.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


What are the language requirements for the Federal Skilled Trades Program?

You need to make sure that you meet the minimum language threshold in order to be eligible for the program.

You must meet the minimum level of

You must prove your language skills by taking a third-party language test from an agency approved by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

When creating your Express Entry profile, you must fill in all the information related to the language test you have taken for your first and, if applicable, second official languages.

If you are invited to apply, your test results must not be more than two years old on the day you submit your application for permanent residence.

This rule applies to all applicants who want to be considered under the Federal Skilled Trades Program.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


What language test do I need for Express Entry?

Before you complete an Express Entry profile, you need to take a language test. This will show that your language skills meet minimum requirements in each of these four categories:

You will then need to include the test results when you complete your Express Entry profile.

You will need to take a language test to meet the eligibility criteria of these programs:

The language standard you need to meet depends on the program you apply for.

We do not provide language testing. You will need to be tested by a “third-party” agency that we have approved.

You need to arrange to take a language test from any of the approved agencies. You will have to pay the cost to write the test.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


What is a certificate of qualification for the Federal Skilled Trades Program?

It proves that a person is qualified to work in a certain skilled trade in Canada. This means that they:

This document is issued by the body that governs trades in a Canadian province or territory.

Depending on the province, this certificate may be called a “certificate of qualification” or a “qualification certificate.” Find out how to get one.

You must complete an Express Entry profile as the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


How can I get a certificate of qualification from a provincial or territorial body for the Federal Skilled Trades Program?

In Canada, provinces and territories:

The regulatory body that governs trades in a province or territory:

To get a certificate of qualification, you:

Contact the provincial or territorial regulatory body for more information.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


How can I qualify for the Federal Skilled Trades Program if the province or territory where I plan to live and work does not give Certificates of Qualification in my trade?

In that case, to qualify for the Federal Skilled Trades Program you must have a qualifying job offer in your trade from a Canadian employer.

Note: Completing an Express Entry profile is the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker. Completing an Express Entry profile does not guarantee that you will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. An Invitation to Apply for permanent residence will be based on your score and rank in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System.


What is a qualifying job offer for the Federal Skilled Trades Program?

This means an offer of continuous, full-time employment from up to two Canadian employers, for at least 30 hours a week. The job offer must be for a period of at least one year.

You must have a job offer if you do not have a certificate of qualification in your skilled trade issued by a Canadian province or territory.

Under Express Entry, most job offers need a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).

The LMIA verifies that Canadian labour market has a need for this type of worker, and that your employer(s) have tried to hire a Canadian or permanent resident first.

In some cases, your employer does not need an LMIA to support your job offer. Find out more about jobs that are exempt.

You must complete an Express Entry profile as the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker.


If I come to Canada under the Federal Skilled Trades Program, will I be qualified to work in any province or territory?

Not necessarily. Standards and conditions of training for specific trades vary depending on the province or territory. (for example, ways to register apprentices, training curriculum, how to get accredited/certified/licensed)

It is up to you and your employer to make sure you have the documents needed to practice in the province or territory where you will live.

When we assess your application, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) may check that you meet the requirements to be certified, licensed or registered to work in a regulated occupation in Canada.

If you have a valid job offer from a Canadian employer but do not meet the requirements, IRCC must be satisfied that you are capable of doing the job you were offered and that you are likely to qualify to be licensed or certified when in Canada.

Note that even if you get certified in one province or territory, you may not be able to practice in another. If, after immigrating, you want to work in a different province or territory, check the requirements with the regulatory body that governs trades for that province or territory.


How do I get points for a provincial nomination under Express Entry?

To be awarded 600 points under the Comprehensive Ranking System for having a Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) nomination, you must have a provincial nomination certificate that:


I have a nomination certificate from a province or territory. How do I apply through Express Entry?

The requirements for provincial nominees to use Express Entry are different from the existing Provincial nominees program. Please contact the province that nominated you to find out what you should do.


Why are the requirements for provincial nominees different under Express Entry?

To qualify for Express Entry, candidates need to meet the program requirements of one of the three federal programs it covers. This also applies to provincial nominees when going through Express Entry.

If you already have a nomination (and/or if you started the nomination process before January 1, 2015), you should contact the province to find out what you should do next.


What changes have recently been made to Express Entry?

Note: If we invited you to apply before June 6 2017, these changes will not affect you.

The CRS scores of all profiles in the pool will be updated automatically before the next invitation round after the updates. This could take up to two weeks.

We have made improvements to the Express Entry system.

Changes as of June 6, 2017

You can get additional points for good French skills

If you score NCLC 7 or higher on all four French language skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing), you will get

This is in addition to points you get for official languages.

Points for siblings in Canada

You can now earn 15 additional points if you (or your spouse or common-law partner who will come with you to Canada) have a brother or sister who is:

To get these points, the brother or sister must also be

Job Bank registration voluntary

It is now up to you if you want to create a Job Match account with Job Bank.

If you meet the minimum entry criteria for Express Entry, you will be automatically be

You can still create a Job Match account to help you look for work.

New approach to rank candidates with the same CRS score

We can now break ties between candidates with the same rank in the pool.

The Express Entry system ranks candidates in the pool by their CRS score. In case of a CRS tie, the system will then rank all tied candidates based on the date and time that they submitted their profile.

For example:

The highest ranked candidates are invited during rounds of invitations. If we issue 3,500 invitations during a round, the system will pick the top 3,500 candidates at that time. The cut-off for the round is set by the CRS and submission date of the 3,500th candidate. It could look something like this:

Rank CRS Profile submission
(Date and time)
Status
3498 422 October 14, 2016 at 20:40:56 Invited
3499 422 February 5, 2017 at 11:32:01 Invited
3500 422 March 27, 2017 at 08:12:23 Invited
3501 422 March 27, 2017 at 9:54:39 Still in the pool
3502 423 June 3, 2017 at 22:57:12 Still in the pool

Note, if you update your profile, the system will keep the original date and time stamp when you first submitted your profile. But, your profile will have a new time and date stamp if:

What do I need to do?

Not everyone will be affected by these changes. If you think you are not affected, you don’t need to do anything.

If you think the changes affect you, you should:

  1. Log into your online account and check your Express Entry profile.
  2. If you update your profile, the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) will update your score. (It may take up to 24 hours for the system to update your score)

When I try to submit my Express Entry profile or my application, I get an error. What can I do?

We changed some questions in the education history section in both the online profile and application for Express Entry. Because of this, some people are getting errors when they try to move on to the next step.

To fix it:

  1. In your profile, go to the Study and languages section of the form. Open the Education history sub-section. Scroll to the bottom and click Modify.

    Image of Modify button, as described above
  2. You will see the information you already entered. To make sure you filled all the fields, click Check for Completeness at the top of the form.

    Image of Check for Completeness button, as described above
  3. If there is a field you need to correct, you will see a red error message at the top. The question text will also be in red. Fill in the field(s) and click Save and exit.

    Image of error text, as described above

    Questions you need to answer are in red

    Image of red text, as described above
  4. Repeat these steps for each entry in the section.

If you have been invited to apply, you also need to validate the Personal activities section:

  1. Go to the Personal history section of the web form.
  2. Open the Personal activities sub-section and scroll down to the grid of saved entries.
  3. Click Modify and repeat the steps above for each entry.

Can I ask to only be considered for one of the programs under Express Entry?

No. Under Express Entry, the system will find which programs you qualify for based on the answers you give in your profile. If you qualify for more than one program, we will decide which one to issue the invitation to apply under.

You can choose to decline an invitation to apply if it is not under the program you were interested in. But, if you do this, there is no guarantee that you will be invited again under a different program.


I applied on paper before, and then applied again through Express Entry. Do I need to withdraw my paper application?

No. If you get permanent resident status through Express Entry, we will automatically withdraw your paper application and notify you.

Likewise, if your paper application is approved and you get permanent resident status, we will cancel your Express Entry application.


Do I need to include medical exams and police certificates for an online application to be complete?

Yes, you must include all medical exam confirmation letters and police certificates for your application for permanent residence to be complete.

The online system will not let you submit an application before you upload these documents.

If you upload something else instead (for example, a blank document), we will reject the application after reviewing it and we will refund your fees.

Exceptional cases

In rare cases, you may not be able to get a police certificate despite your best efforts. (For example, you applied in the first week after we invited you to apply, but it did not arrive within the 90-day timeframe).

If this happens, you need to upload, with your complete application:

Proof includes things like receipts that prove you submitted paperwork and any fees related to your request.

You must show that you made your best efforts to get all the documents you needed.

If you need a police certificate from a country where we must request it from them, upload a letter of explanation that explains this.

There is no guarantee we will accept a letter of explanation in place of any required document, including a police certificate. We consider each application under Express Entry on its own merits.

If you did not submit a police certificate with your application, only proof that you applied for one, please do not send the police certificate when you get it. Only send it to us once we ask you to through your account.

We will send you new instructions on how to submit them.


What happens if a country has special procedures for getting police certificates?

We are aware that for some countries there are special procedures in place to get police certificates.

You can find country-specific information about police certificates on our website.


Do I need to include proof of funds for Express Entry?

You will be asked to enter in your Express Entry profile the amount of money you will have to help you settle in Canada. This is to show that you can support yourself and any family who come with you to Canada, and helps us assess which programs you may be eligible for.

You will only need to meet the settlement fund requirement if it applies to the program you are invited to apply under.

If you are invited to apply under the Federal Skilled Worker Program or Federal Skilled Trades Program, you will need to show that you meet the settlement funds requirement unless you:

For proof, you must get official letters from any banks or financial institutions where you are keeping money.

Letter(s) must list:

Note: You do not have to meet the funds requirement if you were invited to apply under the Canadian Experience Class.

The system currently asks all applicants to provide a proof of funds document. If you don’t need to provide proof of funds, you must upload a letter explaining either that you have been invited to apply under the Canadian Experience Class, or that you have a valid job offer.

Find out more about settlement funds and proof.


I am in the Express Entry pool. How do I find out what programs I am eligible for?

Find out which programs you are eligible for using these steps:

  1. Sign in to your account.
  2. Scroll down to the section called View my submitted applications or profiles.
  3. Click on Check status and messages.

    Image of link described above.
  4. Scroll down to the section called Application/profile details.
  5. In the second table called Express Entry Profile Details, the programs are listed. Beside each one, under Details, it will say “met’ or “not met.”
  6. If it says “met,” that means you are eligible for that program.

    Image of table described above.

    You may be eligible for more than one program. Find out more about eligibility.


I’m in the Express Entry pool. How can I look for a job in Canada?

Note: As of June 6, 2017, It is now optional to create a Job Match account with Job Bank.

To start your job search, you can

You can use both while you are in the Express Entry pool. Once you come to Canada, you can keep using these services if you still need to find a job.

Job Bank

A Job Match account with Job Bank is an easy, online tool to help match you with employers looking for workers with your skills. To do so:

You will need your Express Entry profile number and job seeker validation code to create a Job Match account.

Job boards

Private-sector job boards are online services that advertise jobs and give you tools for finding work. Some are free and others cost a small fee. Research to find one that suits you.


Date Modified: