What is NOC?

You may have seen the term “NOC” on this site. It is short for the National Occupational Classification (NOC).

The NOC is a system used by the Government of Canada to classify jobs (occupations). Jobs are grouped based on the type of work a person does and the types of job duties.

Many of Canada’s immigration programs use it to decide if a job, or type of work experience, is valid for that program’s criteria. For instance, if a person wants to apply as a skilled worker they should check the NOC to see which jobs are considered “skilled” (NOC Skill Type O or Skill Level A or B).

The job information is broken down into a number of groups. For immigration purposes, the main groups are:

  1. Skill Type 0 (zero) – management jobs.
    • examples: restaurant managers, mine managers, shore captains (fishing)
  2. Skill Level A — professional jobs. People usually need a degree from a university for these jobs.
    • examples: doctors, dentists, architects
  3. Skill Level B — technical jobs and skilled trades. People usually need a college diploma or to train as an apprentice to do these jobs.
    • examples: chefs, electricians, plumbers
  4. Skill Level C — intermediate jobs. These jobs usually need high school and/or job-specific training.
    • examples: long-haul truck drivers, butchers, food and beverage servers
  5. Skill Level D — labour jobs. On-the-job training is usually given.
    • examples: cleaning staff, oil field workers, fruit pickers

To immigrate:

your job, and the work you have done in the past, must be skill type 0, or level A or B.

To immigrate under the Skilled Trades Program, your job, and the work you have done in the past, must be skill level B and meet some conditions.

If your job is skill level C or D:

People who come to work on a temporary basis are not permanent residents. However, some go on to immigrate here on a permanent basis.

Note: CIC assesses jobs against the 2011 version of the NOC.

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