Application for Canadian Citizenship: Adults - Subsection 5(1)
Some citizenship requirements (physical presence, language and knowledge) are changing.
This form for an application under subsection 5(1) is intended primarily for permanent residents aged 18 and over who want to apply for Canadian citizenship.
In some cases it may be used for permanent residents under the age of 18 who wish to apply for citizenship. Please see section below on “Minors Applying for Citizenship” before deciding which form to use for a minor.
To be eligible under 5(1), since becoming a permanent resident, you must have:
- been physically in Canada for at least 1,460 days in the six years before you apply
- been physically in Canada for at least 183 days during any four calendar years that are fully or partially within the six years before you apply
- filed income taxes for any four taxation years that are fully or partially within the six years before you apply
You can count time spent outside Canada toward the time in (1) and (2) above if you meet one of the exceptions.
You must also be able to (unless you are under 18 or 65 or older):
- communicate (speak and understand) in English or French and
- show, in English or French, knowledge about Canada and the responsibilities and privileges of citizenship
Minors Applying for Canadian Citizenship
Minors (persons under the age of 18) who are permanent residents of Canada generally should apply using the following form: Application for Canadian Citizenship – Minors (under 18 years of age) under subsection 5(2). This form is for minors who are applying at the same time as their parent or who already have a Canadian parent. The processing fee is $100. The application form should be completed by the minor’s parent or guardian.
Minors who are permanent residents and who do not have a parent applying for citizenship at the same time as them or who do not already have a Canadian parent can use the following form: Application for Canadian Citizenship – Adults (18 years of age and older) under subsection 5(1). However minors applying using this form need to make sure they meet all of the criteria listed above and they will need to pay the $530 processing fee. The form should be completed by the minor’s parent or guardian.
Minors who don’t have a parent or guardian who can complete the application form on their behalf can request a waiver of the requirement to have a parent or guardian complete it on their behalf. If that is the case, IRCC will ask for additional information.
This application package includes:
- Document Checklist (CIT 0007)
- Application for Canadian Citizenship — Adults [Form CIT 0002] June 2017
- Citizenship Photo Specifications
- Residence Outside Canada [Form CIT 0177] June 2015
- Use of a Representative [Form IMM 5476] September 2015
- Instruction Guide
- Statutory Declaration – Request for a Change of Sex Designation (CIT 0404)
- Support for a change of sex designation on an IRCC document (CIT 0552)
Make sure you download the current version of the forms. We will not accept older versions.
If you had any terms and conditions imposed on you when you got permanent resident status and you have not met them, you may not be eligible for citizenship. For example, some new permanent residents must have medical screening after they arrive in Canada.
Before you apply for citizenship, check the documents you got when you first became a permanent resident to make sure you met any terms and conditions.
You may not be eligible for citizenship if you:
- have a criminal record
- are facing criminal charges in or outside Canada
- have been ordered to leave Canada
- have been refused Canadian citizenship because of misrepresentation
- have had your Canadian citizenship revoked
You can use our calculator to check if you have been physically in Canada long enough to be eligible for citizenship. Print the results and attach a copy to your application.
If you are not sure whether you have Canadian citizenship or not, see if you may already be a citizen.
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