Application for Canadian Citizenship: Adults - Subsection 5(1)

Some citizenship requirements (physical presence, language and knowledge) are changing.


This form for an application under subsection 5(1) is intended primarily for permanent residents aged 18 and over who want to apply for Canadian citizenship.

To be eligible under 5(1), since becoming a permanent resident, you must have:

  1. been physically in Canada for at least 1,460 days in the six years before you apply
  2. been physically in Canada for at least 183 days during any four calendar years that are fully or partially within the six years before you apply
  3. filed income taxes (if required by the Income Tax Act) for any four taxation years that are fully or partially within the six years before you apply

You can count time spent outside Canada toward the time in (1) and (2) above if you meet one of the exceptions.

You must also be able to (unless you are 65 or older at the time of application):

  • communicate (speak and understand) in English or French and
  • show, in English or French, knowledge about Canada and the responsibilities and privileges of citizenship

In some cases, minors who are not applying for citizenship at the same time as a parent or who wish to qualify on their own may choose to apply under subsection 5(1). For more information, please see Minors applying for Canadian citizenship – subsection 5(1).

This application package includes:

  1. Document Checklist (CIT 0007)
  2. Application for Canadian Citizenship — Adults [Form CIT 0002] August 2017
  3. Citizenship Photo Specifications
  4. Residence Outside Canada [Form CIT 0177] June 2015
  5. Use of a Representative [Form IMM 5476] September 2015
  6. Instruction Guide

Optional:

Make sure you download the current version of the forms. We will not accept older versions.

If you had any terms and conditions imposed on you when you got permanent resident status and you have not met them, you may not be eligible for citizenship. For example, some new permanent residents must have medical screening after they arrive in Canada.

Before you apply for citizenship, check the documents you got when you first became a permanent resident to make sure you met any terms and conditions.

You may not be eligible for citizenship if you:

  • have a criminal record
  • are facing criminal charges in or outside Canada
  • have been ordered to leave Canada
  • have been refused Canadian citizenship because of misrepresentation
  • have had your Canadian citizenship revoked

You can use our calculator to check if you have been physically in Canada long enough to be eligible for citizenship. Print the results and attach a copy to your application.

If you are not sure whether you have Canadian citizenship or not, see if you may already be a citizen.


  1. Read the instruction guide and download the application forms.
  2. Fill out, sign and date your application forms.
  3. Pay the fees.
  4. Mail your completed application.
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