Application for Canadian citizenship under subsection 5(1) – Adults 18 years of age and older (CIT 0002)

Table of Contents


This is not a legal document. For legal information, refer to the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and Regulations or the Citizenship Act and Regulations, as applicable.

This publication is available in alternative formats upon request.


Overview

Application package

This application package has:

  • an instruction guide, and
  • the forms you need to fill out.

The instruction guide:

  • has information you must know before you submit your application and
  • explains how to fill out the forms and gather your supporting documents.

Read the instruction guide completely and then fill out each of the applicable forms.

The forms are designed with questions that will help the processing of your application.


Symbols used in this guide

This guide uses these symbols to draw your attention to important information:

Required step

What you must do to have your application processed.

Important information

Important information that you need to know to avoid delays or other problems.

Get more information

Where to get more information.

Note:

Tips that will help you with this application.



Before you apply

Who may use this application?

This application is meant for:


Citizenship physical presence requirements

The Citizenship Act requires a person to be physically present in Canada for at least 1460 days in the six (6) years immediately before the date of the application.

The Citizenship Act also requires a person to be physically present in Canada for at least 183 days during any four (4) calendar years that are fully or partially within the six (6) years immediately before the date of the application.

How do I calculate my physical presence?

Each applicant must complete

If the applicant has difficulty using the On-line Physical Presence Calculator, they may submit the How to calculate presence form (CIT 0407).

Note: Are you applying too early? If you apply before you meet the physical presence requirements you will not qualify for citizenship. Your application will be returned to you and you will have to re-apply later.


What are the other requirements for citizenship?

You must:

  • have met any applicable requirement under the Income Tax Act to file income taxes for four (4) taxation years that are fully or partially within the six (6) years immediately before you apply;
  • intend to:
    • continue to reside in Canada,
    • enter into, or continue in, employment outside Canada in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or the public service of a province, otherwise than as a locally engaged person, or
    • reside with your spouse, common-law partner, or parent who is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident and is employed outside Canada in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or the public service of a province, otherwise than as a locally engaged person;
  • have adequate knowledge of one of the official languages of Canada;

    Note: You will need to submit language proof with your application.

  • be able to demonstrate, in English or French adequate knowledge of:
    • Canada’s history,
    • its geography,
    • government, and
    • the rights and responsibilities of citizenship.

    Note: You will need to pass a written and/or oral knowledge test.

    Note: Persons 65 years of age and over at the time of their application are not required to meet the language and knowledge requirements.

You must not:

  • be subject to any prohibition under the Citizenship Act (see section 8 of the application form CIT 0002), and/or
  • be under a removal order (asked by Canadian officials to leave Canada); and/or
  • have any unfulfilled immigration conditions linked to your permanent resident status.

Family applications

If more than one member of your family is applying for Canadian citizenship, send all the applications together in the same envelope. The applications will be processed together. If one or more family members' applications are incomplete, all of the applications will be returned to you.

To apply for Canadian citizenship for your child

Complete the Application for Canadian Citizenship — Minors (CIT 0003).



Important information

Possible loss of other citizenship

You could lose your present nationality or citizenship if you become a Canadian citizen. If you have any questions about this, you should contact the embassy, high commission or consulate of the country of your present nationality before you apply for Canadian citizenship.



Important information

Citizenship process for adopted persons

Persons adopted by Canadian citizens can apply for citizenship directly, without first having to apply for permanent residence (citizenship adoption process).

The table below demonstrates the requirements which must be met for both types of applications, as well as the effect each option has on future children.

Requirements Citizenship adoption process – Adult Grant of citizenship (Naturalization) – Adult
Be a permanent resident and have no unfulfilled conditions relating to status as a permanent resident No Yes
Take the oath of citizenship No Yes
Background verifications (security, criminality and immigration) No Yes
Physical presence (1460 days in the past six years and 183 days in any four calendar years that are fully or partially within the six years) No Yes
Meet income tax filing requirements in any four taxation years that are fully or partially within the six years immediately before applying No Yes
Intention regarding residence if granted No Yes
Knowledge (test) and language No Yes

This table compares the differences between the two processes regarding future generations of Canadian citizens, depending on the two streams of applications.

Future generations Citizenship adoption process – Adult Grant of citizenship (Naturalization) – Adult
Ability to pass on citizenship to future children born outside CanadaNote * No Yes
Ability to have foreign-born adopted children to become Canadian citizens through the citizenship adoption processNote * No Yes

Step 1. Gather documents

What documents are required?

Refer to the Document Checklist (CIT 0007) to assist you in gathering the necessary documentation.

Note: If any of the required documents are missing, or photocopies are not clear, your application will be returned to you.

Note: Additional documents may be required during the processing of your application.

1. Immigration documents

  • Record of Landing (IMM 1000), or
  • Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688), and
  • Permanent resident card (PRC) if you have one.

Immigration documents that prove your status as a permanent resident (landed immigrant) of Canada.

Permanent resident card: you must provide a photocopy of both sides, if you have one.

Note: You must provide all of these documents in your possession. If any of these documents are no longer in your possession, please explain why.

Format: Clear and legible photocopy.

2. Language proof if you are 18-64 years of age

Select one of the following types of proof to submit with your application:

  1. Results of an accepted third-party test at the equivalent of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB/NCLC) / Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiensFootnote 1 level 4 or higher in speaking and listening either done previously for immigration purposes (acceptable even if expired) or done specifically for citizenship purposes. Test results from the following list are acceptable:
    • Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program General Test (CELPIP-G) or the CELPIP-General LS (listening and speaking), not the academic version.
    • For tests taken after April 1, 2014, you must have achieved a score of level 4 or higher (up to 12) in listening and speaking.
    • For tests taken before April 1, 2014, you must have achieved a score of 2H or higher (i.e., 3L, 3H, 4L, 4H, 5L, or 5H) in listening and speaking.
    • International English Language Testing System (IELTS), general training, not the academic version You must have achieved a score of:
      • 4.0 or higher in speaking, and
      • 4.5 or higher in listening. (Please note: If the test was done before November 28, 2008, we will accept a level 4 or higher); or
    • Test d’Évaluation de Français (TEF), Test d’Évaluation du Français adapté au Québec (TEFAQ) or TEF pour la naturalisation.
      • After July 1st, 2012, you must have achieved a score of:
        • Niveau B1, B2, C1 or C2 in Compréhension de l’oral and Expression orale.
      • Before July 1st, 2012, you must have achieved a score of:
        • Niveau 3 or higher in Compréhension de l’oral and Expression orale. (Please note: if the Test d’Évaluation de Français (TEF) was taken before July 1st, 2012, a level 3 is required for expression orale only. This applies only to the TEF and not the TEFAQ or TEF pour la naturalisation).
    • The following list of proof will be accepted only if they have been previously submitted for immigration purposes to Quebec (please note that the following tests align with the Échelle Québécoise and not officially with CLB/NCLC 4):
      • DALF (Diplôme approfondi de langue française) – Level C1 or C2; or
      • DELF (Diplôme d’études en langue française) – Level B1 or B2; or
      • TCF (Test de connaissance du français) – Niveau B1 or B2; or
      • TCFQ (Test de connaissance du français pour le Québec) –Niveau B1, B2, C1 or C2.
  2. Proof of completion of a secondary or post-secondary program conducted in French or English, either in Canada or abroad, includes:
    • A diploma or transcripts from a secondary or post-secondary school indicating the successful completion of a program, in French or English, either in Canada or abroad, or
    • A diploma or certificate from a secondary or post-secondary school indicating successful graduation from a program conducted in French or English, either in Canada or abroad.

    Note: You must have successfully finished a secondary or post-secondary program in English or French. A single course done in English or French does not meet the requirement. If the original document is in a language other than English or French then you must also include a letter from the academic institution indicating that the language of instruction was in English or French along with an official translation of the original document.

  3. Proof of achieving Canadian Language Benchmark/Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (CLB/NCLC) level 4 or higher in speaking and listening skills through certain government-funded language training programs includes:

    Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada or Cours de Langue pour Immigrants au Canada (LINC or CLIC):

    • When applying, be sure to check the box if you successfully completed the LINC or CLIC course at CLB 4/NCLC 4 or higher from January 1st 2008 to October 31st, 2012 and provide a copy of the certificate if available. If you do not have a copy of your certificate, please check the box and your participation will be validated in our system.

    If you successfully completed the LINC or CLIC course since November 1st, 2012, a certificate will have been provided to you at the time of your successful completion of the course. A copy of this certificate is required as acceptable proof that you meet the language requirements for citizenship purposes.

    • For Manitoba: Manitoba Canadian Language Benchmark Report or Adult English as an Additional Language (EAL) Student Progress Report from Manitoba Government issued between January 1st 2009 and October 31st, 2014. Ensure your report indicates speaking and listening skills are at least at “completing CLB/NCLC level 4C” or higher (5B, 5C, 6B, 6C, etc.).
    • For Quebec: Two options
      1. Bulletins by the Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Diversité et de l’Inclusion du Québec (MIDI) or the Ministère de l’Immigration et Communautés Culturelles (former department name) if:
        • The version was issued between June 1st, 2011 and October 16, 2012. Ensure that your most recent assessment in “interaction orale” is level 4 or higher (Échelle Québécoise); or
        • The version was issued since October 16, 2012. Ensure that your most recent assessment is in “interaction oraleorcompréhension orale” (listening) and “production orale” (speaking) is level 4 or higher (Échelle Québécoise).

        Note: Bulletins with results from online FEL (Francisation en ligne) classes are not acceptable for citizenship purposes, e.g. these usually have a course code B or FEL. Note that bulletins issued by the MIDI or the MICC align with the Échelle Québécoise and not officially with CLB/NCLC 4.

      2. The Ministère de l’Éducation, de l’Enseignement supérieur (MEES) is issuing a Relevé des apprentissages for adults taking French training as per the “francisation à la formation générale des adultes”. The required successful level is 4 or higher of l’échelle québécoise in speaking and listening.
    • For British Columbia (BC):
      • If you received British Columbia’s English Language Services for Adults (ELSA) training in 2008 or 2009, an ELSA certificate confirming language level CLB 4 or higher in listening and speaking. (Please note that certificates were not automatically issued at that time and you may have to contact the ELSA program directly to obtain a copy. IRCC will not make the request for you).
      • If you received British Columbia’s English Language Services for Adults (ELSA) training in 2010 or after, an ELSA report card or an ELSA certificate issued on or before August 31, 2014, confirming language level CLB 4 or higher in listening and speaking will be accepted. (Please note that certificates issued on or after November 1st, 2012 automatically demonstrate a CLB 4 level or higher, even if not specifically stated on the certificate).

        Note: If you attended an English as a second language course that is not sanctioned by the ELSA program, do not submit it. We will only accept courses sanctioned by the ELSA.

    • For Ontario: Ontario Provincial Language Training Certificates dating from December 2013 or later, and issued by providers of the Adult Non-Credit Language Training Program funded by the Ontario Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration and International Trade (MCIIT), formerly known as the Ontario Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration. Ensure your Ontario MCIIT Adult Non-Credit language training program certificate indicates achievement of level CLB/NCLC 4 or higher, in speaking and listening. These certificates must be for:
      • English as a Second Language (ESL)/Anglais Langue Seconde (ALS);
      • French as a Second Language (FSL)/Français Langue Seconde (FLS);
      • Citizenship and Language Training (CL)/Instruction civique et enseignement de la langue (ICEL).
    • For Saskatchewan: Since January 2016, Saskatchewan Ministry of Education provides a Statement of Language Proficiency for students of English as an Additional Language (EAL) based on the Common Framework of Reference (CFR) scale in listening and in speaking:
      • All schools in Saskatchewan from Kindergarten to grade 12 (K-12) have the authority to deliver the certificate for English as an Additional Language;
      • Level B1 is equivalent or higher to CLB 4.

Note: If you do not have acceptable language proof to submit with your application or do not have the required language level, you may choose to enroll in a government-funded language program that would help you increase your language proficiency, and succeed in obtaining certification at a level of CLB/NCLC 4.

If you are deaf, and can provide one of the upfront proofs of language ability for citizenship (described in 1 to 3 above), please do so. If you are not able to provide such evidence, you must provide other supporting documents to assist decision makers in understanding the basis of your claim. The accepted supporting evidence is an audiogram issued by a Canadian audiologist, with a letter issued by the same audiologist attesting that you are deaf and have severe to profound hearing loss, with little or no residual hearing, including an explanation as to whether and to what extent this impacts your ability to listen and/or speak. Please note that we will not process your application and will return the entire application to you if your audiogram and the letter issued by the same audiologist are not included.

If you have a disorder, disability or condition that is cognitive, psychiatric or psychological in nature which prevents you from submitting upfront proof of language ability for citizenship, you must provide supporting documentary evidence to assist decision makers in understanding the basis of your claim. Please note that we will not process your application and will return the entire application to you if such supporting documentary evidence is not included.

CLB/NCLC 4 is considered “Basic Proficiency” and means that an individual being tested who “meets” CLB 4:

  • take part in short, everyday conversations about common topics;
  • understand simple instructions, questions and directions;
  • use basic grammar, including simple structures and tenses; and
  • show that you know enough common words and phrases to answer questions and express yourself.

Format: Clear and legible photocopy. Must be in English or French. No translations accepted except for foreign diplomas, certificates or transcripts (see note above in section 2).

3. Biographical page of passport(s)/travel document(s)

The biographical page means the page that has your name, photo, passport/travel document number, issue date and expiration date.

Provide photocopies of the biographical pages of all passports and/or travel documents (valid and cancelled) for the six (6) year period immediately before the date of your application, or since you became a permanent resident, whichever is more recent.

Also, provide photocopies of any renewal pages of the passport(s)/travel document(s).

Note: If there are any gaps in time between validity periods of your passports or travel documents during the past six (6) years, or since you became a permanent resident, whichever is more recent, provide an explanation in the space provided in question 6E.

Note: If the validity period of your passport was extended, include a photocopy of the page(s) containing the extension stamp(s).

Note: If any of these documents are not in your possession, provide an explanation in the space provided in question 6D.

Format: Clear and legible photocopy

4. Two (2) pieces of personal identification

Both pieces of identification should show your name and date of birth, one of which must have your photo on it.

Examples include:

  • a Canadian driver’s licence
  • a Canadian health insurance card
  • a copy of the biographical page of your passport/travel document, etc.

If there is information on both sides of your personal identification documents, provide a photocopy of both sides.

Note: Social Insurance Number (SIN) cards, bank cards and credit cards are not acceptable pieces of identification.

Format: Clear and legible photocopy.

5. Payment receipt

For more information. See Step 3. Pay the Fees

Receipt showing total payment of application fees for individual or family members applying together.

6. Additional documents (as required)

Possible documents are:

  • translations of documents that are not in English or French,

Format: See “Translation of documents

  • supporting documents to prove a name change,
  • supporting documents to prove a date of birth correction.

Format: Clear and legible photocopy.

7. Print out of the On-line Physical Presence Calculator; or How to calculate Physical Presence (CIT 0407) form

Calculation of your physical presence fully completed, dated and signed.

The Online Physical Presence Calculator is the preferred method to calculate your physical presence in Canada. The printout from the Internet must be included with your application. If you experience difficulty with the Online Physical Presence Calculator, you may submit a How to calculate Physical Presence form (CIT 0407).

Format: Original.

8. Residence Outside Canada form (CIT 0177) fully completed, dated, and signed, if applicable.

Format: Original.

9. Police certificate(s) (as required)

You are required to provide a police certificate for each country, other than Canada, where you were present for a total of 183 days or more during the four (4) years immediately before the date of your application.

Consult How to get a police certificate (police check) for specific and up-to-date information on how to obtain police certificates from any country.

Note: If you are unable to obtain a police certificate from any country, provide an explanation in the space provided in question 6 M on the application form.

Format: Original.

10. Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476), if applicable.

For instructions on completing the Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476), see: Guide IMM 5561 – Use of a Representative.

Format: Original.


Name change

Consult the information below to determine the documents that are to be included with your application.

If you have legally changed your name within Canada

Then you must submit a copy of the change of name document issued by a Canadian province or territory, or by the appropriate foreign-state authority. The document must show both your previous and amended names.

The following documents are accepted:

  • Legal change of name document
  • Court order specifying name change
  • Adoption order

The following documents are accepted for changes to family name only:

  • Marriage certificate
  • Divorce decree
  • Registration or declaration of union issued by civil authorities
  • Revocation of declaration or annulment of union issued by civil authorities
  • Registration for common-law relationship, in provinces that permit changes of name for common-law relationships under their provincial/territorial law

If you have legally changed your name outside Canada and are residing in Canada

Then you must provide a copy of the following documents:

  • A foreign passport or other national authoritative documentation amended to reflect the new name;
  • A document that links your previous name to your new name, such as a foreign marriage certificate (with an official translation); and
  • A document in the new name from Canadian provinces or territories (ex. driver's license, health card, age of majority card, senior citizen’s identification card, or social service card)

If you have legally changed your name outside Canada and are residing outside Canada

Then you must provide a copy of the following documents:

  • a foreign passport or other national authoritative documentation amended to reflect the new name;
  • a document that links your previous name to your new name, such as a foreign marriage certificate (with an official translation) or other foreign legal change of name document issued by foreign authorities; and
  • an authoritative national or state/province (or equivalent) issued photo identification document issued in the country or state/province in which you reside that displays the new name, such as:
    • a foreign passport or other travel documents, if you are a dual citizen;
    • a state/provincial (or equivalent) identification card.

If you have applied and obtained an amendment to your Record of Landing, or Confirmation of Permanent Residence due to errors made by Canadian immigration officials when recording your name, then you must submit a copy of the amendment or a letter confirming the change of name.

Important information: Once processing of your application has begun a name change can only be made due to an administrative error made by the Department, or a legal change of name.

Important information: You cannot request a change of the adopted person’s name after Part 2 of the application has been submitted.
If satisfactory documentation is not provided with the application to support the request for a change of name, the name that appears on the citizenship certificate will be the name listed on the adoption order.

Changing sex designation

If you are requesting a change of sex designation, you are required to submit documentary evidence to support the request. See below the options for documentary evidence you may submit.

Documentary evidence issued in Canada

To request a change of sex designation where the documentary evidence originates in Canada, you are required to submit one of the following:

  • a legal order issued by a Canadian provincial/territorial vital statistics organization indicating a change of sex designation;
  • a court order;
  • an amended birth certificate indicating a change of sex designation; or
  • proof of full or partial sex reassignment surgery.

Please consult your provincial/territorial website in order to verify whether you are eligible for any of the documents listed above.

If you have applied and obtained an amendment to your Record of Landing, or Confirmation of Permanent Residence due to errors made by Canadian immigration officials when recording your sex, then you must submit a copy of the amendment or a letter confirming the change of sex.

Note: Your provincial/territorial identification (such as a driver’s license) alone will not be accepted in order to process a change of sex designation. You will need to submit one of the documents listed above, or a statutory declaration and a letter from a physician or psychologist as listed below.

If you are unable to obtain any of the documentary evidence listed above, you will be required to submit:

Note: If you do not provide a reason for which a provincial/territorial document was not submitted, your application will be returned as incomplete.

Inside Canada, the statutory declaration will need to be sworn in the presence of:

  • a notary public,
  • a commissioner of oaths, or
  • a commissioner of taking affidavits.

Documentary evidence issued outside Canada

Where the documentary evidence is issued outside Canada, you are required to submit the following:

  • photo identification issued by the national, state/provincial (or equivalent) authority in which you reside, indicating the amended sex designation (such as a driver’s license or national ID card);

    and one of the following sets of documents:

    • if you are a dual Canadian citizen, a copy of your foreign passport or other national authoritative document indicating the requested sex designation; or
    • a document indicating a change of sex designation (such as a legal order issued by a vital statistics agency or an amended birth certificate); or
    • a Statutory Declaration – Request for a Change of Sex Designation (CIT 0404) stating that your gender identity corresponds with the requested change in sex designation, that you are living full-time in that gender, and the reason for which a provincial/territorial document was not submitted (see requirements for witnesses below); and
    • a Support for a change of sex designation on an IRCC document (CIT 0552) from an authorized physician or psychologist stating that:
      • they are a practicing member in good standing with the appropriate regulatory body;
      • they have treated or evaluated you; and
      • they confirm that your gender identity does not correspond with the sex designation as recorded by IRCC.

Note: If you do not provide a reason for which a provincial/territorial document was submitted, your application will be returned as incomplete.

Note: If you are unable to provide photo identification in the updated sex designation, please include an explanation why and provide photo identification in the previous sex designation. We will contact you if anything further is required.

Outside Canada, the statutory declaration will need to be sworn in the presence of:

  • a notary public.

Date of birth correction

The date of birth on your citizenship certificate will be the same as the one shown on your immigration document unless you:

  • have corrected your date of birth on your immigration document, or
  • have legally changed it after arriving in Canada, or
  • are requesting a different date of birth for your citizenship certificate and you can provide supporting documents.

If your date of birth has been corrected on your immigration document then you must provide a copy of:

  • an approved Request to Amend Immigration Record of Landing (IMM 1000) or Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688), and
  • your new corrected Permanent Resident Card (if you have one).

If you have legally changed your date of birth by a provincial/territorial court order then you must provide a copy of:

If you did not change your date of birth by a provincial/territorial court order and your date of birth has not been corrected on your immigration document then you must provide a copy of:

Important information: You cannot request a change in your date of birth after your application has been submitted. If satisfactory documentation is not provided with the application to support the date of birth requested, the citizenship certificate will reflect the date of birth indicated on your immigration document.

If you do not have a provincial/territorial court order changing your date of birth, you must first request an amendment to your immigration document before requesting a different date of birth on your citizenship certificate.

For more information. For information on amending your immigration document refer to the guide Request to Amend Record of Landing, Confirmation of Permanent Residence or Valid Temporary Resident Documents (IMM 5218).


Quebec government documents

The following documents issued by the government of Quebec before January 1, 1994 are not acceptable documents in support of an application for a citizenship certificate.

  • baptismal certificates
  • birth certificates, and
  • marriage certificates.

For more information. If you are currently in possession of one of these certificates you must obtain a new document by contacting the office of the Directeur de l’état civil du Québec


Exception to citizenship by birth in Canada

A child born in Canada to a foreign diplomat, a representative or employee in Canada of a foreign government, a foreign diplomat’s, representative’s or employee’s employee or an officer or employee of a specialized agency of the United Nations or another international organization who is granted diplomatic privileges or immunities is not Canadian at birth unless the other parent was a Canadian citizen or permanent resident at the time of the child’s birth.


Translation of documents

Any document that is not in English or French must be accompanied by:

  • the English or French translation; and
  • an affidavit from the person who completed the translation; and
  • a certified copy of the original document.

Translations may be done by a person who is fluent in both languages (English or French and the unofficial language). If the translation is not provided by a member in good standing of a provincial or territorial organization of translators and interpreters in Canada, the translation must be accompanied by an affidavit swearing to the accuracy of the translation and the language proficiency of the translator.

The affidavit must be sworn in the presence of:

In Canada:

  • a notary public
  • a commissioner of oaths
  • a commissioner of taking affidavits

Authority to certify varies by province and territory. Consult your local provincial or territorial authorities.

Outside of Canada:

  • a notary public

Authority to administer oaths varies by country. Consult your local authorities.

Important information: Translations must not be done by the applicants themselves nor by members of the applicant’s family. Family member is defined as being a: parent, guardian, sibling, spouse, common-law partner, grandparent, child, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew and first cousin.

Note: An affidavit is a document on which the translator has sworn, in the presence of a person authorized to administer oaths in the country in which the translator is living, that the contents of their translation are a true translation and representation of the contents of the original document. Translators who are certified members in good standing of one of the provincial or territorial organizations of translators and interpreters of Canada do not need to supply an affidavit.



Note

Photographs

You must:

  • provide two (2) identical citizenship photographs;
  • print the Citizenship Photo Specifications page and take it to the photographer to make sure you get the correct size photo;
  • follow the steps explained on the form; and
  • not staple, glue or otherwise attach the photo directly to the application.

Your application will be returned to you if you do not include the two (2) photos that meet the citizenship photo specifications.


Step 2. Complete the application

Filling out the application


Note

Follow the step-by-step instructions below to complete the application form.

The following are the forms that must be filled out and submitted:

Optional:

Note: The information you provide on your application and supporting documents may be subject to verification. Throughout the application process, if you or someone on your behalf provide any misleading or fraudulent information or withhold any information that could cause an error in the administration of the Citizenship Act, you could be charged with an offence under the Citizenship Act, your application for citizenship could be refused, and/or you could be prohibited from reapplying for citizenship for five (5) years.



Important information

Be complete and accurate

Complete all sections. If a section does not apply to you, write “Not Applicable” or “NA”. If your application is incomplete it may be returned to you and this will delay the processing of your application.

If you need more space for any section, print out an additional page containing the appropriate section, complete it and submit it along with your application.


Section 1

Question 1A
What is your preferred language for correspondence and interview? English or French?
Question 1B

Check the box to indicate if you have any special needs that require accommodation. If yes, please explain.

Special needs are described as:

  • wheelchair access,
  • sign language interpretation (for example, deaf individuals may have a sign language interpreter to assist with the assessment of “listening and speaking” ability),
  • personal assistance (for example, you will be accompanied by a care attendant, an interpreter, a seeing eye dog, a sighted guide, etc.),
  • visually impaired (for example, the study guide is available in large print, audio version or Braille).

Note: It is important to provide the information if you need assistance in order for IRCC to make the necessary arrangements to accommodate you.


Section 2

Question 2
Have you applied for Canadian citizenship before? If yes, write the year when you last applied.

Section 3

Question 3A

Write your last name (surname/family name) and given name(s) exactly as they appear on your immigration document. If your name was shortened (truncated) on the immigration document, it will appear in full length on your citizenship certificate, up to 50 characters for the family name(s) and 50 characters for the given name(s). Immigration documents include your:

  • Record of landing (IMM 1000),
  • Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688),
  • Permanent resident card (PR card).
Question 3B

Write your last name (surname/family name) and given name(s), if different from question 3A.

Important information: You must provide supporting documents for any change in your name. See: “Name change” in the Gather Documents section.

Question 3C

Write if you:

  • have used another name in the past (such as your birth name, maiden name, married name), or
  • are known by a name other than the one you listed above (such as a nickname or community name).

Section 4

Question 4A

Write your:

  • date of birth exactly as it appears on your immigration document, and
  • place of birth, including the city or town and country.

Are you requesting a different date of birth on your citizenship certificate?

If yes, see Date of birth correction section in this guide in Gather Documents.

Note: A request for a different date of birth is subject to approval by IRCC.

Question 4B

Check the box or indicate your:

  • sex (whether you are male or female),
  • height (how tall you are), either in centimetres or feet/inches,
  • eye colour, and
  • legal marital status.

Important information: This information must be completed for our records. Sex, eye colour and height will be shown on your citizenship certificate.


Section 5

Question 5A

Write your current home (residential) address, complete with:

  • street address,
  • city or town,
  • province or territory,
  • postal code.
Question 5B

Complete if your mailing address is different from your home address.

If the mailing address is that of a representative, you must indicate their mailing address in this section and complete the IMM 5476 form.

Question 5C
List the telephone number(s) where you can be reached.
Question 5D
Write how long you have lived at your current home address.
Question 5E

Indicate your email address using this format (if applicable): name@provider.net

If you provide your email address, IRCC may correspond with you about your application via email where possible.

If the email address is that of a representative, you must indicate their email address in this section and complete the IMM 5476 form.


Section 6

The relevant period

The relevant period is your residence period (your calculation of time physically present in Canada). This information is used to help make sure you have met the physical presence requirement for Canadian citizenship. The minimum amount of time you need to be in Canada to be eligible for citizenship is 1,460 days within the six years immediately before applying. This means that your relevant period starts a minimum of 1,460 days before you sign your application.

Question 6A

Write the date when you became a permanent resident (landed immigrant).

To find this date, refer to your:

  • Record of Landing – IMM 1000 (box 45),
  • Confirmation of Permanent Residence – IMM 5292 (box 45),
  • Confirmation of Permanent Residence – IMM 5688 (Personal information),
  • Permanent resident card (back).

Your entry to Canada and your status will be verified with Canadian officials. If conditions were imposed at the time you were granted permanent resident status that you have not complied with, you should contact your local IRCC office to clarify this situation before applying for citizenship. You cannot be granted citizenship if you have unfulfilled (outstanding) conditions relating to your status as a permanent resident.

Question 6B
Write the date when you first came to Canada to live.
Question 6C

List all countries of which you are a citizen.

Question 6D

Check the box to indicate if you have all of the required photocopies of passports or travel documents for the six (6) years immediately before the date of your application or since you became a permanent resident, whichever is more recent (“the relevant period”). If you do not have all the required photocopies, explain why in the space provided.

Question 6E

Check the box to indicate if there are any gaps in time in the validity period of your passports or travel documents for the six (6) years immediately before the date of your application or since you became a permanent resident, whichever is more recent (“the relevant period”). If there are gaps in time, explain why in the space provided.

Question 6F

Write if you are a permanent resident (or the equivalent) of any other country other than Canada. If yes, list the country (countries) and the date you obtained this status for each country.

Question 6G

Write all your Canadian addresses for the six (6) years before the date of your application or since you became a permanent resident, whichever is more recent ("the relevant period"), including the postal codes.

If you were residing, employed or attending school outside Canada, you must also list all your foreign addresses, including the postal codes.

Question 6H

Check the box in A and B to indicate if you have worked or studied in the past six (6) years before the date of your application or since you became a permanent resident, whichever is more recent ("the relevant period").

Complete the chart in section C. You must list all your work and education history including English/French language training for this period and must account for each month.

If you were not employed (i.e. you were unemployed, retired, homemaker, volunteering, etc.) you must indicate this under “Work/Education”, and indicate the time period. Do not exclude any period of time during this period. Do not leave this section blank. If you do, your application will be returned to you.

Question 6I

List the education history for your children, including those who are already Canadian citizens, who are or were under the age of 18 in the six (6) years before the date of application or since you became a permanent resident, whichever is more recent, if applicable. If any children did not attend school because they were not of school age, complete the information and check the box.

Question 6J

You must have filed income taxes, if required under the Income Tax Act, for four (4) of the taxation years that are fully or partially within the six (6) years before you apply for citizenship.

To determine if you were required, under the Income Tax Act, to file income taxes, refer to the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) Newcomers to Canada (immigrants).

Check the box in A or B to indicate if you have a Social Insurance Number (SIN), a Temporary Tax Number (TTN), or an Individual Tax Number (ITN).

If you check box A, provide the most recent 9 digit number that you used to file your income taxes. Complete the table for the past six (6) taxation year(s), indicating whether you were required to file personal income taxes, and whether or not you filed personal income taxes.

With your consent to the sharing of your income tax filing information between IRCC and CRA, this information will be used by IRCC to determine if you meet the income tax filing requirement of the Citizenship Act.

With your consent, IRCC may also use this information, if required, to help determine if you meet the physical presence requirements of the Citizenship Act.

Please note that if you do not provide your consent, your application will be returned as incomplete and not be processed. If you check box B, you are declaring that you do not have a SIN, TTN, or ITN and you were not required to file personal income taxes for any of the past six (6) years.

To check your personal tax information, you may refer to the CRA’s My Account online service.

Question 6K

Complete the Online Physical Presence Calculator and attach the signed and dated printout, or the How to Calculate Physical Presence form (CIT 0407).

Question 6L

Answer all of the questions by checking yes or no. If you checked yes for any of the questions, you must complete the Residence outside Canada form (CIT 0177), and submit any supporting documents requested in that form.

Question 6M

Answer the question by checking yes or no. The following examples may help you answer the question:

Example 1

In the past four (4) years, you took one (1) trip to France that lasted 200 days. You would answer “Yes” to the question and you would need to provide a police certificate from France.

Example 2

In the past four (4) years, you took 10 trips to the United States of America (USA). Each trip lasted three (3) weeks, for a total of 210 days. You would answer “Yes” to the question and you would need to provide a police certificate from the USA.

Example 3

In the past four (4) years, you spent one year (365 days) working in Singapore. While working in Singapore, you took a trip to Malaysia (10 days) and Thailand (10 days). You would answer “Yes” to the question and you would need to provide a police certificate from Singapore. You would not need to provide police certificates from Malaysia or Thailand.

Example 4

In the past four (4) years, you took one (1) trip to Europe where you visited Portugal (5 days), Spain (7 days), France (10 days), Belgium (3 days), Netherlands (3 days), Germany (21 days), Switzerland (7 days) and Italy (21 days). You took a second trip to Europe where you visited Ireland (14 days), Scotland (14 days) and England (21 days). You went to Germany for a business trip that lasted 60 days.  The total time you were outside of Canada was 186 days but you were not in a single country for 183 days or more. You would answer “No” to the question and you would not need to provide police certificates from any of the countries.

If you checked “YES”, list the name(s) of each country(ies) in the space provided below the question.

You will be required to obtain a police certificate for each country, other than Canada, where you were present for a total of 183 days or more in the past four (4) years. See Police Certificate section in this guide in “Step 1. Gather Documents”.

If you cannot get a police certificate from a country, you must provide an explanation in the space provided below the question.


Section 7

Question 7A
Check which type of language proof you are submitting. See Language Proof section in this guide in “Step. 1 Gather Documents”.
Question 7B
Check the box to indicate if you are deaf and whether this affects your ability to submit proof of language ability. You must submit supporting documentation to assist decision makers in understanding the basis of your claim. See Language Proof section in this guide in “Step. 1 Gather Documents”.
Question 7C
Check the box to indicate if you have a disorder, disability or condition that is cognitive, psychiatric or psychological in nature which affects your ability to submit proof of language ability. You must submit supporting documentation to assist decision makers in understanding the basis of your claim.

Section 8

Question 8A-J

Answer all of the questions by checking yes or no. For any yes responses provide details and if applicable, attach court documents.

Note: IRCC checks with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and the Canadian Security and Intelligence Service (CSIS) to find out if there are any criminal or security reasons which could prevent you from acquiring Canadian citizenship.

You may be required to provide fingerprints and/or court documents to ensure that you are not prohibited under the Citizenship Act.


Section 9

Question 9A

Check whether you authorize IRCC to provide your name, residential address, sex and preferred official language to your federal Member of Parliament so that he or she can send you a letter of congratulations if you become a Canadian citizen.

Question 9B

Check either Yes or No to indicate whether or not you authorize IRCC to provide your name, residential and mailing address, sex and date of birth to Elections Canada to be added to the National Register of Electors (the Register). When you become a Canadian citizen and are 18 years of age or older, you have the right to vote in federal elections and referendums. Elections Canada maintains the Register and uses it during a federal election or referendum to produce voters lists and to communicate with eligible voters.

If you check Yes, IRCC will provide your name, residential and mailing address, sex and date of birth to Elections Canada to be added to the Register, but only after you become a Canadian citizen. If you check No, IRCC will not provide your information to Elections Canada. You will still have the right to vote in federal elections and referendums, but you will have to take the necessary steps to be added to the list.

More information about the Register and its uses is available at www.elections.ca. You can also call Elections Canada at 1-800-463-6868.

Question 9C

If you reside in Quebec, indicate whether you authorize IRCC to provide your name, residential and mailing address, sex and date of birth to the Chief Electoral Officer of Québec so that your name can be added to the Permanent List of Electors (voters) if you become a Canadian citizen.

If you do not provide the authorization, you will have to go to the revision office and present two supporting documents to register your name on the list of electors to be able to vote in a provincial, municipal or school election.

Question 9D

Check Yes to authorize the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) to provide your “history of entries to Canada” to IRCC. By selecting Yes you are also authorizing IRCC to collect the history of your “entries into Canada” from the CBSA and to use the information provided by the CBSA in order to determine your citizenship eligibility.

If you choose No, you may be asked to provide additional documents later in the process which could delay the processing of your application. Please do not contact the CBSA to request your “history of entries”.

Question 9E

Subsection 8(1) of the Privacy Act and paragraph 241(5)(b) of the Income Tax Act allows the CRA to provide personal information to IRCC, with the consent of the relevant individuals. This consent is required under paragraph 2(1)(e) of the Citizenship Regulations No. 2.

  1. Check Yes to authorize the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) to provide details of your tax filing information to IRCC. By selecting Yes you are also authorizing IRCC to collect your tax filing information from the CRA in order to determine whether you meet the income tax requirement for citizenship.
  2. Check Yes to authorize the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) to provide details of your tax filing information (including income, benefit, and residence information) to IRCC. By selecting Yes you are also authorizing IRCC to collect your tax filing information from the CRA in order to help determine whether you meet the physical presence requirement for citizenship.
Question 9F

This section is to be completed ONLY if you successfully completed LINC/CLIC language training program at CLB/NCLC 4 from January 2008-October 2012 and you have no certificate available.

Check Yes to authorize Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship (IRCC) to access your LINC/CLIC results held by IRCC in order to determine your citizenship eligibility.

If you choose No, you will be required to submit an alternate acceptable proof of language ability with your application.


Section 10

Question 10

Check Yes to indicate your intention regarding residence if granted citizenship.

Check to indicate if you have a mental disability which affects your ability to form the intent referred to in this question. You must submit supporting documentary evidence to assist decision makers in understanding the basis of your claim.

If you check No, your application will be returned to you because you are declaring that you do not meet the requirements for a grant of citizenship.

This requirement signals that citizenship is for those who intend to make their home in Canada. Applicants for citizenship must satisfy this requirement up until the taking of the Oath of Citizenship. However, this requirement would not limit citizens’ mobility rights. New citizens will be able to leave and return to the country like other citizens.


Section 11

Question 11

If you appoint an individual, firm or organization as your representative, you must complete the Use of a Representative Form (IMM 5476). Note that once you appoint a representative, all correspondence from IRCC regarding your application will be directed to them and not to you.

For instructions on completing the Use of a Representative Form (IMM 5476), see: Guide IMM 5561 – Use of a Representative.


Section 12

Question 12

Sign and date the application form with the signature you currently use on other official documents.

Note: Your application will be returned to you if:

  • the form is not signed and dated,
  • stale-dated (dated more than 90 days before IRCC receives it),
  • post-dated (dated into the future).

Note: You must be eligible to apply for Canadian citizenship the day before you sign the application form.

Note: Your application will be returned to you if:

  • You have appointed an individual, firm or organization as your representative and you did not submit the Use of a Representative Form (IMM 5476) with your application or the Use of a Representative form you submitted is incomplete.
  • You appoint a compensated representative who is not:
    • a member of the designated body (consultant who is in good standing of the Immigration Consultants of Canada Regulatory Council (ICCRC);
    • a lawyer or paralegal who is a member in good standing of a Canadian provincial or territorial law society or astudent-at-law under their supervision; or
    • a notary who isa member in good standing of the Chambre des notaires du Québec or a student-at-law under their supervision.

Step 3. Pay the fees

Calculating your fees

If more than one member of your family is applying for Canadian citizenship pay the fees all together.

Use the table below to calculate the total amount of fees to be paid. Fees must be included with this application.

Type of application Number of persons Total amount per person Amount due
Adult (18 years of age and over)   × $630  
Child (under 18 years of age)   × $100  
Total Payment:  

Explanation of fees and refund

This section describes the fees that are required and if they are refundable. All payment must be made in Canadian funds.

Processing fee

Amount: $530 for each adult and $100 for each child

Non-refundable once processing has begun, regardless of the final decision.

Right of Citizenship Fee

Amount: $100 for each adult applicant

Refundable if your application is refused.

The $100 Right of Citizenship Fee is in addition to the Processing Fee of $530 for a total of $630.

Note: We will issue the refund to the person indicated on the Payer Information section of the receipt. If there is no name indicated on the receipt, we will send the refund to the applicant.


Incorrect fee payment

Payment issue - No fee included

CIC will return your application.

Note: Processing of your application will only start after you return your application with the requested fees.

Payment issue - Insufficient fees included

CIC will return your application.

Note: Processing of your application will only start after you return your application with the requested fees.

Payment issue - Overpayment

CIC will:

  • start processing your application, and
  • send you a refund as soon as possible.

Note: You do not have to request a refund, it will be done automatically.

Payment issue – Expired payment

For expired certified cheques, bank drafts and money orders only. CIC will return your application.

Note: Processing of your application will only start after you return your application with requested fees.


Online fee payment

Resources required

You can pay your fees online if you have:

  • a valid e-mail address;
  • access to a printer (you will need to print the receipt); and
    • a Visa, MasterCard or American Express credit card or a prepaid credit card; or
    • a Canadian-issued debit card from BMO, Scotia Bank, RBC or TD. You must be enrolled in online banking. Credit cards that are also used as debit cards (e.g. Visa Debit) are not accepted.

Instructions

Follow these step-by-step instructions to pay using the Internet.

  • Go to online Payment.
  • Follow the online instructions.
    • At the end, click on the button to print the IRCC official receipt with barcode. Print two copies.

Note

Do not exit without printing the receipt!

  • Attach a copy of this receipt to your completed application. Keep the second copy of the receipt for your records.

Proof of payment

The receipt printed in the instructions above will serve as your proof of payment.



Note

The only acceptable form of payment is online payment. If you send any other form of payment, IRCC will return your application.

You can submit an IMM 5401 payment receipt with your application only if it was date-stamped by a Canadian financial institution before April 1st, 2016.


Step 4. Mail the application

Where to mail the application

Mail your completed application in a stamped envelope addressed as shown below:

Affix sufficient postage (top right of the envelope)
Sender (top left of the envelope)
(Your name)
(Your Address)
(Your Postal Code)
Recipient (centre of the envelope)
Case Processing Centre – Sydney
Grant Adults
P.O. Box 7000
SYDNEY, NS
B1P 6V6

Courier address:
Case Processing Centre, Sydney
Grant Adults
49 Dorchester Street
Sydney, Nova Scotia
B1P 5Z2


If you are sending more than one application

If you are sending more than one application (for example, applications for family members), you may send one receipt to cover all applications. Mail the receipt (if applicable) and all applications together in one envelope so that they will be processed together.

Note: If you are sending more than one application (for example, family members), and one of the applications is incomplete, all the applications will be returned to you.



Note

Reminders…

Make sure to use the Document Checklist and include it with your application.

Here are some reminders to avoid your application being returned to you:

  • You must be eligible for citizenship the day before you sign the application.
  • You have answered all questions on the form or wrote “N/A” (Not applicable) for any question or section that is not applicable to you.
  • You have signed and dated the form. Make sure before you send it that it is not stale-dated (dated more than 90 days before IRCC receives it) or post-dated (dated into the future).
  • You have included photocopies of your immigrant documents: Record of Landing (IMM 1000) or Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688) and both sides of the Permanent Resident Card if you have one.
  • You have included photocopies of additional documents (if applicable) such as: Language proof; biographical and renewal pages of passports and/or travel documents; court documents.
  • You have included original police certificates for each country other than Canada in which you were present for at least 183 days or more in the past four (4) years.
  • You have included photocopies of both sides of two (2) pieces of personal identification, one of which must have your photo on it.
  • You have included two (2) photos according to the citizenship application photograph specifications.
  • You have included proof of payment and exact fees.
  • You have included original translation and an affidavit by the translator for any documents that are not in English or French.
  • If you answered yes to question 6L, you have included the Residence outside Canada form (CIT 0177).
  • If you have appointed someone to act as your representative, you have included the Use of a Representative Form (IMM 5476).

What happens next?

The citizenship process

The list below presents the phases of the citizenship process of a routine application. In some cases, processing may take longer.

Phase – Application Review & File Creation

The Case Processing Centre (CPC) in Sydney makes sure your application:

  • meets the minimum processing requirements;
  • includes all the required documents; and
  • that the appropriate fee payment has been made.

If your application is complete, processing starts.

What you receive:

If your application does not meet the initial processing requirements, does not include the appropriate fee payment, or is not complete, it will be returned to you.

Phase – Decision

  • The CPC sends your application to the IRCC office nearest to your home for further processing.
  • The IRCC office completes the steps necessary for a citizenship officer or a citizenship judge to make a decision on your application.
  • You will be asked to come to the IRCC office for a review of the original documents you submitted in support of your application, as well as all passports and travel documents relevant to the six (6) year period immediately before your application or since you became a permanent resident, whichever is more recent. If applicable, you will be evaluated on your knowledge of English or French and on your knowledge of Canada’s history, geography, government, and the rights and responsibilities of citizenship.

What you receive:

  • Notification to appear to take a citizenship test; and/or
  • Notification to appear for an interview with a citizenship official; and/or
  • Notification to appear for a hearing with a citizenship officer or a citizenship judge.

Phase – Ceremony

If you meet all the requirements for citizenship, the IRCC office notifies you in writing of the time and place of your citizenship ceremony.

What you receive:

  • Notification to appear to take the oath of citizenship,
  • Certificate of Canadian Citizenship received at the ceremony after taking the oath of citizenship.


For more information

Current processing times

Processing time can change. You can obtain current processing times on the Check application processing times webpage.



Important information

Updating your contact information

During the application process, you must advise us of any change of address or telephone number. You can do this by going to Change of address or by consulting the Help Centre.


Checking application status

You can check the status of your application online by doing the following:

  1. Go to Check application status on the CIC website.
  2. Follow the instructions provided.

Note: Your application status will only appear online once the application is received and the initial review by CIC is completed.

To obtain details on how to remove your application status information from the Internet, visit the Help Centre on the CIC website.


Protecting your information

Your personal information:

  • is only available to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) and Canada Border Service Agency (CBSA) employees who need to see it in order to provide the services to you,
  • may be shared, with your consent, with the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) for the purposes of validating your tax filing information; and
  • is not disclosed to anyone else except as permitted under the provisions of the Privacy Act and the Citizenship Regulations.

Note: The legal authority for IRCC to collect income tax information, including filing history and the Social Insurance Number (SIN) is provided for in subsection 5(1) of the Citizenship Act, section 26.6 of the Citizenship Regulations and paragraphs 2(1)(d) of the Citizenship Regulations, No 2. The CRA’s legal authority to disclose income tax information including filing history upon applicant consent is provided for in paragraph 241(5)(b) of the Income Tax Act. Income tax information including filing history provided by the CRA to IRCC may be used to verify a citizenship applicant’s income tax information including filing history for the purpose of assessing their citizenship application against the tax filing and physical presence requirements of subsection 5(1)(c) of the Citizenship Act. IRCC may, on occasion, send information pertaining to a citizenship application to the CRA in respect of any relevant information related to any discrepancies between the information obtained from the applicant and that provided by the CRA if there are reasonable grounds to believe that the discrepancy is a result of false representation, fraud or concealment of material circumstances made in the course of an application, as well as any personal information, including the SIN, of an applicant that the CRA is authorized to collect for the purpose of the administration of the Income Tax Act. IRCC will not use this information for any other purpose or share it with any other third party.

For more information. You can obtain additional information on the protection of your data by visiting the Help Centre.


What you should be doing now

During the processing period, if you are 18 to 64 years of age, you should:

  • prepare for the citizenship test and/or interview on Canada’s history, geography, government, and the rights and responsibilities of citizenship based on the study guide; and
  • continue to maintain and improve your English or French if necessary.

Quality Assurance Program

Our quality assurance program randomly selects applications for a special review. If selected you will be asked to attend an interview with a Citizenship and Immigration official so that we can:

  • verify the documentation and any other information you submitted is accurate,
  • verify that your application has been completed properly.

Note: You will be notified in writing should your application be selected.


Need help?

If you need help, you can find answers to your questions by consulting the Help Centre.

Find out if you are eligible

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