Table of Contents
- Before You Apply
- Step 1. Gather Documents
- Step 2. Complete the Application
- Step 3. Pay the Fees
- Step 4. Mail the Application
- What Happens Next?
- How to contact CIC
This is not a legal document. For legal information, refer to the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and Regulations or the Citizenship Act and Regulations, as applicable.
This publication is available in alternative formats upon request.
This application package consists of:
- an instruction guide, and
- the required forms.
The instruction guide is a tool that provides:
- the information you must know about this application before sending it to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) and
- assistance with how to fill out the forms and the required supporting documents.
Read the instruction guide thoroughly and then fill out each of the applicable forms.
The forms are specifically designed with questions that will assist the processing of your application.
Symbols used in this guide
This guide uses the following symbols to indicate information of particular importance.
What you must do to have your application processed.
Important information that you need to be aware of in order to avoid delays or other problems.
Where to get more information.
Tips that will assist you with this application.
Before you apply
Who may use this application?
This application is meant for:
- persons aged 18 years of age or older,
- permanent residents (landed immigrants) of Canada,
- persons having met the citizenship physical presence requirements.
Citizenship physical presence requirements
The Citizenship Act requires a person to be physically present in Canada for at least 1460 days in the six (6) years immediately before the date of the application.
The Citizenship Act also requires a person to be physically present in Canada for at least 183 days during any four (4) calendar years that are fully or partially within the six (6) years immediately before the date of the application.
How do I calculate my physical presence?
Each applicant must complete
If the applicant has difficulty using the On-line Physical Presence Calculator, they may submit the How to calculate presence form (CIT 0407).
Note: Are you applying too early? If you apply before you meet the physical presence requirements you will not qualify for citizenship. Your application will be returned to you and you will have to re-apply later.
What are the other requirements for citizenship?
- have met any applicable requirement under the Income Tax Act to file income taxes for four (4) taxation years that are fully or partially within the six (6) years immediately before you apply;
- intend to:
- continue to reside in Canada,
- enter into, or continue in, employment outside Canada in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or the public service of a province, otherwise than as a locally engaged person, or
- reside with your spouse, common-law partner, or parent who is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident and is employed outside Canada in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or the public service of a province, otherwise than as a locally engaged person;
- have adequate knowledge of one of the official languages of Canada;
Note: You will need to submit language proof with your application.
- be able to demonstrate, in English or French adequate knowledge of:
- Canada’s history,
- its geography,
- government, and
- the rights and responsibilities of citizenship.
Note: You will need to pass a written and/or oral knowledge test.
Note: Persons 65 years of age and over at the time of their application are not required to meet the language and knowledge requirements.
You must not:
- be subject to any prohibition under the Citizenship Act (see section 8 of the application form CIT 0002), and/or
- be under a removal order (asked by Canadian officials to leave Canada); and/or
- have any unfulfilled immigration conditions linked to your permanent resident status.
If more than one member of your family is applying for Canadian citizenship, send all the applications together in the same envelope. The applications will be processed together. If one or more family members' applications are incomplete, all of the applications will be returned to you.
To apply for Canadian citizenship for your child
Complete the Application for Canadian Citizenship — Minors (CIT 0003).
Possible loss of other citizenship
You could lose your present nationality or citizenship if you become a Canadian citizen. If you have any questions about this, you should contact the embassy, high commission or consulate of the country of your present nationality before you apply for Canadian citizenship.
Citizenship process for adopted persons
Persons adopted by Canadian citizens can apply for citizenship directly, without first having to apply for permanent residence (citizenship adoption process).
The table below demonstrates the requirements which must be met for both types of applications, as well as the effect each option has on future children.
|Requirements||Citizenship adoption process – Adult||Grant of citizenship (Naturalization) – Adult|
|Be a permanent resident and have no unfulfilled conditions relating to status as a permanent resident||No||Yes|
|Take the oath of citizenship||No||Yes|
|Background verifications (security, criminality and immigration)||No||Yes|
|Physical presence (1460 days in the past six years and 183 days in any four calendar years that are fully or partially within the six years)||No||Yes|
|Meet income tax filing requirements in any four taxation years that are fully or partially within the six years immediately before applying||No||Yes|
|Intention regarding residence if granted||No||Yes|
|Knowledge (test) and language||No||Yes|
This table compares the differences between the two processes regarding future generations of Canadian citizens, depending on the two streams of applications.
|Future generations||Citizenship adoption process – Adult||Grant of citizenship (Naturalization) – Adult|
|Ability to pass on citizenship to future children born outside CanadaNote *||No||Yes|
|Ability to have foreign-born adopted children to become Canadian citizens through the citizenship adoption processNote *||No||Yes|
Step 1. Gather documents
What documents are required?
This section outlines the documents that you need to include with your application. You must also use the Document Checklist included at the end of the application form (CIT 0002) to assist you gathering the necessary documentation.
Note: If any of the required documents are missing, or photocopies are not clear, your application will be returned to you.
Note: Additional documents may be required during the processing of your application.
1. Immigration documents
- Record of Landing (IMM 1000), or
- Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688), and
- Permanent resident card (PRC) if you have one.
Immigration documents that prove your status as a permanent resident (landed immigrant) of Canada.
Permanent resident card: you must provide a photocopy of both sides, if you have one.
Note: You must provide all of these documents in your possession. If any of these documents are no longer in your possession, please explain why.
Format: Clear and legible photocopy.
2. Language proof if you are 18-64 years of age
Select one of the following types of proof to submit with your application:
- Results of an accepted third-party test at the equivalent of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB/NCLC) / Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiensFootnote 1 level 4 or higher in speaking and listening either done previously for immigration purposes (acceptable even if expired) or done specifically for citizenship purposes. Test results from the following list are acceptable:
- Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program General Test (CELPIP-G) or the CELPIP-General LS (listening and speaking), not the academic version.
- For tests taken after April 1, 2014, you must have achieved a score of level 4 or higher (up to 12) in listening and speaking.
- For tests taken before April 1, 2014, you must have achieved a score of 2H or higher (i.e., 3L, 3H, 4L, 4H, 5L, or 5H) in listening and speaking.
- International English Language Testing System (IELTS), general training, not the academic version You must have achieved a score of:
- 4.0 or higher in speaking, and
- 4.5 or higher in listening. (Please note: If the test was done before November 28, 2008, we will accept a level 4 or higher); or
- Test d’Évaluation de Français (TEF), Test d’Évaluation du Français adapté au Québec (TEFAQ) or TEF pour la naturalisation.
- After July 1st, 2012, you must have achieved a score of:
- Niveau B1, B2, C1 or C2 in Compréhension de l’oral and Expression orale.
- Before July 1st, 2012, you must have achieved a score of:
- Niveau 3 or higher in Compréhension de l’oral and Expression orale. (Please note: if the Test d’Évaluation de Français (TEF) was taken before July 1st, 2012, a level 3 is required for expression orale only. This applies only to the TEF and not the TEFAQ or TEF pour la naturalisation).
- After July 1st, 2012, you must have achieved a score of:
- The following list of proof will be accepted only if they have been previously submitted for immigration purposes to Quebec (please note that the following tests align with the Échelle Québécoise and not officially with CLB/NCLC 4):
- DALF (Diplôme approfondi de langue française) – Level C1 or C2; or
- DELF (Diplôme d’études en langue française) – Level B1 or B2; or
- TCF (Test de connaissance du français) – Niveau B1 or B2; or
- TCFQ (Test de connaissance du français pour le Québec) –Niveau B1, B2, C1 or C2.
- Proof of completion of a secondary or post-secondary program conducted in French or English, either in Canada or abroad, includes:
- A diploma or transcripts from a secondary or post-secondary school indicating the successful completion of a program, in French or English, either in Canada or abroad, or
- A diploma or certificate from a secondary or post-secondary school indicating successful graduation from a program conducted in French or English, either in Canada or abroad.
Note: You must have successfully finished a secondary or post-secondary program in English or French. A single course done in English or French does not meet the requirement. If the original document is in a language other than English or French then you must also include a letter from the academic institution indicating that the language of instruction was in English or French along with an official translation of the original document.
Proof of achieving Canadian Language Benchmark/Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (CLB/NCLC) level 4 or higher in speaking and listening skills through certain government-funded language training programs includes:
Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada or Cours de Langue pour Immigrants au Canada (LINC or CLIC):
- When applying, be sure to check the box if you successfully completed the LINC or CLIC course at CLB 4/NCLC 4 or higher from January 1st 2008 to October 31st, 2012 and provide a copy of the certificate if available. If you do not have a copy of your certificate, please check the box and your participation will be validated in our system.
If you successfully completed the LINC or CLIC course since November 1st, 2012, a certificate will have been provided to you at the time of your successful completion of the course. A copy of this certificate is required as acceptable proof that you meet the language requirements for citizenship purposes.
- For Manitoba: Manitoba Canadian Language Benchmark Report or Adult English as an Additional Language (EAL) Student Progress Report from Manitoba Government issued between January 1st 2009 and October 31st, 2014. Ensure your report indicates speaking and listening skills are at least at “completing CLB/NCLC level 4C” or higher (5B, 5C, 6B, 6C, etc.).
- For Quebec: Bulletins by the Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Diversité et de l’Inclusion du Québec (MIDI) or the Ministère de l’Immigration et Communautés Culturelles (former department name) if:
- The version was issued between June 1st 2011 and October 16, 2012. Ensure that your most recent assessment in “interaction orale” is level 4 or higher (Échelle Québécoise); or
- The version was issued since October 16, 2012. Ensure that your most recent assessment is in “interaction orale” or “compréhension orale” (listening) and “production orale” (speaking) is level 4 or higher (Échelle Québécoise).
NOTE: Bulletins with results from online FEL (Francisation en ligne) classes are not acceptable for citizenship purposes, e.g. these usually have a course code B or FEL. Note that bulletins issued by the MIDI or the MICC align with the Échelle Québécoise and not officially with CLB/NCLC 4.
- For British Columbia (BC):
- If you received British Columbia’s English Language Services for Adults (ELSA) training in 2008 or 2009, an ELSA certificate confirming language level CLB 4 or higher in listening and speaking. (Please note that certificates were not automatically issued at that time and you may have to contact the ELSA program directly to obtain a copy. CIC will not make the request for you).
- If you received British Columbia’s English Language Services for Adults (ELSA) training in 2010 or after, an ELSA report card or an ELSA certificate issued on or before August 31, 2014, confirming language level CLB 4 or higher in listening and speaking will be accepted. (Please note that certificates issued on or after November 1st, 2012 automatically demonstrate a CLB 4 level or higher, even if not specifically stated on the certificate).
Note: If you attended an English as a second language course that is not sanctioned by the ELSA program, do not submit it. We will only accept courses sanctioned by the ELSA.
- For Ontario: Ontario Provincial Language Training Certificates dating from December 2013 or later, and issued by providers of the Adult Non-Credit Language Training Program funded by the Ontario Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration and International Trade (MCIIT), formerly known as the Ontario Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration. Ensure your Ontario MCIIT Adult Non-Credit language training program certificate indicates achievement of level CLB/NCLC 4 or higher, in speaking and listening. These certificates must be for:
- English as a Second Language (ESL)/Anglais Langue Seconde (ALS);
- French as a Second Language (FSL)/Français Langue Seconde (FLS);
- Citizenship and Language Training (CL)/Instruction civique et enseignement de la langue (ICEL).
Note: If you do not have acceptable language proof to submit with your application or do not have the required language level, you may choose to enroll in a government-funded language program that would help you increase your language proficiency, and succeed in obtaining certification at a level of CLB/NCLC 4.
If you are deaf, and can provide one of the upfront proofs of language ability for citizenship (described in 1 to 3 above), please do so. If you are not able to provide such evidence, you must provide other supporting documents to assist decision makers in understanding the basis of your claim. The accepted supporting evidence is an audiogram issued by a Canadian audiologist, with a letter issued by the same audiologist attesting that you are deaf and have severe to profound hearing loss, with little or no residual hearing, including an explanation as to whether and to what extent this impacts your ability to listen and/or speak. Please note that we will not process your application and will return the entire application to you if your audiogram and the letter issued by the same audiologist are not included.
If you have a disorder, disability or condition that is cognitive, psychiatric or psychological in nature which prevents you from submitting upfront proof of language ability for citizenship, you must provide supporting documentary evidence to assist decision makers in understanding the basis of your claim. Please note that we will not process your application and will return the entire application to you if such supporting documentary evidence is not included.
CLB/NCLC 4 is considered “Basic Proficiency” and means that an individual being tested who “meets” CLB 4:
- take part in short, everyday conversations about common topics;
- understand simple instructions, questions and directions;
- use basic grammar, including simple structures and tenses; and
- show that you know enough common words and phrases to answer questions and express yourself.
Format: Clear and legible photocopy. Must be in English or French. No translations accepted except for foreign diplomas, certificates or transcripts (see note above in section 2).
3. Biographical page of passport(s)/travel document(s)
The biographical page means the page that has your name, photo, passport/travel document number, issue date and expiration date.
Provide photocopies of the biographical pages of all passports and/or travel documents (valid and cancelled) for the six (6) year period immediately before the date of your application, or since you became a permanent resident, whichever is more recent.
Also, provide photocopies of any renewal pages of the passport(s)/travel document(s).
Note: If your passports and/or travel documents have any gaps in the time they cover during the past six (6) years, or since you became a permanent resident, whichever is more recent, attach an explanation.
Note: If any of these documents are no longer in your possession, attach an explanation.
Format: Clear and legible photocopy
4. Two (2) pieces of personal identification
Both pieces of identification should show your name and date of birth, one of which must have your photo on it.
- a Canadian driver’s licence
- a Canadian health insurance card
- a copy of the biographical page of your passport/travel document, etc.
If there is information on both sides of your personal identification documents, provide a photocopy of both sides.
Note: Social Insurance Number (SIN) cards, bank cards and credit cards are not acceptable pieces of identification.
Format: Clear and legible photocopy.
5. Payment receipt
For more information. Step 3. Pay the Fees
Receipt showing total payment of application fees for individual or family members applying together
- by Internet (receipt printed from Internet),
- at a financial institution (Original form IMM 5401).
6. Additional documents (as required)
Possible documents are:
- translations of documents that are not in English or French,
- supporting documents to prove a name change,
- supporting documents to prove a date of birth correction.
Format: Clear and legible photocopy.
7. Print out of the On-line Physical Presence Calculator; or How to calculate Physical Presence (CIT 0407) form
Calculation of your physical presence fully completed, dated and signed.
The Online Physical Presence Calculator is the preferred method to calculate your physical presence in Canada. The printout from the Internet must be included with your application. If you experience difficulty with the Online Physical Presence Calculator, you may submit a How to calculate Physical Presence form (CIT 0407).
8. Residence Outside Canada form (CIT 0177) fully completed, dated, and signed, if applicable.
9. Police certificate(s) (as required)
For any country, other than Canada, where you were present for six (6) months or longer (cumulative) during the four (4) years immediately before the date of your application, you are required to provide a police certificate for that country.
10. Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476), if applicable.
For instructions on completing the Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476), see: Guide IMM 5561 – Use of a Representative.
Consult the information below to determine the documents that are to be included with your application.
If you have legally changed your name within Canada
Then you must submit a copy of the change of name document issued by a Canadian province or territory, or by the appropriate foreign-state authority. The document must show both your previous and amended names.
The following documents are accepted:
- Legal change of name document
- Amended birth certificate
- Court order specifying name change
- Adoption order
The following documents are accepted for changes to family name only:
- Marriage certificate
- Divorce decree
- Registration or declaration of union issued by civil authorities
- Revocation of declaration or annulment of union issued by civil authorities
- Registration for common-law relationship, in provinces that permit changes of name for common-law relationships under their provincial/territorial law
If you have legally changed your name outside Canada and are residing in Canada
Then you must provide a copy of the following documents:
- A foreign passport or other national authoritative documentation amended to reflect the new name;
- A document that links your previous name to your new name, such as a foreign marriage certificate (with an official translation); and
- A document in the new name from Canadian provinces or territories (ex. driver's license, health card, age of majority card, senior citizen’s identification card, or social service card)
If you have legally changed your name outside Canada and are residing outside Canada
Then you must provide a copy of the following documents:
- a foreign passport or other national authoritative documentation amended to reflect the new name;
- a document that links your previous name to your new name, such as a foreign marriage certificate (with an official translation) or other foreign legal change of name document issued by foreign authorities; and
- an authoritative national or state/province (or equivalent) issued photo identification document issued in the country or state/province in which you reside that displays the new name, such as:
- a foreign passport or other travel documents, if you are a dual citizen;
- a state/provincial (or equivalent) identification card.
If you have applied and obtained an amendment to your Record of Landing, or Confirmation of Permanent Residence due to errors made by Canadian immigration officials when recording your name, then you must submit a copy of the amendment or a letter confirming the change of name.
Important information: Once processing of your application has begun a name change can only be made due to an administrative error made by the Department, or a legal change of name.
Date of birth correction
The date of birth on your citizenship certificate will be the same as the one shown on your immigration document unless you:
- have corrected your date of birth on your immigration document, or
- have legally changed it after arriving in Canada, or
- are requesting a different date of birth for your citizenship certificate and you can provide supporting documents.
If your date of birth has been corrected on your immigration document
then you must provide a copy of:
- an approved Request to Amend Immigration Record of Landing (IMM 1000) or Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688), and
- your new corrected Permanent Resident Card (if you have one).
If you have legally changed your date of birth by a provincial/territorial court order
then you must provide a copy of:
- provincial/territorial court order changing your date of birth, and
- completed questionnaire Request to Correct a Date of Birth for Citizenship (CIT 0464).
If you did not change your date of birth by a provincial/territorial court order
and your date of birth has not been corrected on your immigration document then
you must provide a copy of:
- a refused Request to Amend the Immigration Record of Landing (IMM 1000) or Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688), and
- completed questionnaire Request to Correct a Date of Birth for Citizenship (CIT 0464), and
- documents to support your new date of birth.
Important information: You cannot request a change in your date of birth after your application has been submitted. If satisfactory documentation is not provided with the application to support the date of birth requested, the citizenship certificate will reflect the date of birth indicated on your immigration document.
If you do not have a provincial/territorial court order changing your date of birth, you must first request an amendment to your immigration document before requesting a different date of birth on your citizenship certificate.
For more information. For information on amending your immigration document refer to the guide Request to Amend Record of Landing, Confirmation of Permanent Residence or Valid Temporary Resident Documents (IMM 5218).
Quebec government documents
The following documents issued by the government of Quebec before January 1, 1994 are not acceptable documents in support of an application for a citizenship certificate.
- baptismal certificates
- birth certificates, and
- marriage certificates.
For more information. If you are currently in possession of one of these certificates you must obtain a new document by contacting the office of the Directeur de l’état civil du Québec
Exception to citizenship by birth in Canada
A child born in Canada to a foreign diplomat, a representative or employee in Canada of a foreign government, a foreign diplomat’s, representative’s or employee’s employee or an officer or employee of a specialized agency of the United Nations or another international organization who is granted diplomatic privileges or immunities is not Canadian at birth unless the other parent was a Canadian citizen or permanent resident at the time of the child’s birth.
Translation of documents
Any document that is not in English or French must be accompanied by:
- the English or French translation; and
- an affidavit from the person who completed the translation; and
- a certified copy of the original document.
Translations may be done by a person who is fluent in both languages (English or French and the unofficial language). If the translation is not provided by a member in good standing of a provincial or territorial organization of translators and interpreters in Canada, the translation must be accompanied by an affidavit swearing to the accuracy of the translation and the language proficiency of the translator.
The affidavit must be sworn in the presence of:
Outside of Canada:
- a notary public Note 2
Important information: Translations must not be done by the applicants themselves nor by members of the applicant’s family. Family member is defined as being a: parent, guardian, sibling, spouse, common-law partner, grandparent, child, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew and first cousin.
Note: An affidavit is a document on which the translator has sworn, in the presence of a person authorized to administer oaths in the country in which the translator is living, that the contents of their translation are a true translation and representation of the contents of the original document. Translators who are certified members in good standing of one of the provincial or territorial organizations of translators and interpreters of Canada do not need to supply an affidavit.
- provide two (2) identical citizenship photographs;
- print the Citizenship Photo Specifications page and take it to the photographer to make sure you get the correct size photo;
- follow the steps explained on the form; and
- not staple, glue or otherwise attach the photo directly to the application.
Your application will be returned to you if you do not include the two (2) photos that meet the citizenship photo specifications.
Step 2. Complete the application
Filling out the application
Follow the step-by-step instructions below to complete the application form.
The following are the forms that must be filled out and submitted:
- Application for Canadian citizenship – Adults (18 years of age and older) Under Subsection 5(1) (CIT 0002),
- Residence outside Canada (CIT 0177), if applicable,
- Use of a Representative (IMM 5476), if applicable.
Ensure you use the June 2015 version of the forms. Older versions will not be accepted.
Note: The information you provide on your application and supporting documents may be subject to verification. Throughout the application process, if you or someone on your behalf provide any misleading or fraudulent information or withhold any information that could cause an error in the administration of the Citizenship Act, you could be charged with an offence under the Citizenship Act, your application for citizenship could be refused, and/or you could be prohibited from reapplying for citizenship for five (5) years.
Be complete and accurate
Complete all sections. If a section does not apply to you, write “Not Applicable” or “NA”. If your application is incomplete it may be returned to you and this will delay the processing of your application.
If you need more space for any section, print out an additional page containing the appropriate section, complete it and submit it along with your application.
- Question 1A
- What is your preferred language for correspondence and interview? English or French?
- Question 1B
Check the box to indicate if you have any special needs that require accommodation. If yes, please explain.
Special needs are described as:
- wheelchair access,
- sign language interpretation (for example, deaf individuals may have a sign language interpreter to assist with the assessment of “listening and speaking” ability),
- personal assistance (for example, you will be accompanied by a care attendant, an interpreter, a seeing eye dog, a sighted guide, etc.),
- visually impaired (for example, the study guide is available in large print, audio version or Braille).
Note: It is important to provide the information if you need assistance in order for CIC to make the necessary arrangements to accommodate you.
- Question 2
- Have you applied for Canadian citizenship before? If yes, write the year when you last applied.
- Question 3A
Write your last name (surname/family name) and given name(s) exactly as they appear on your immigration document. If your name was shortened (truncated), write the name that appears in the “Remarks” section of your immigration document. The name in the “Remarks” section will have precedence over the name in the surname/family name section. Immigration documents include your:
- Record of landing (IMM 1000),
- Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688),
- Permanent resident card (PR card).
- Question 3B
Write the last name (surname/family name) and given name(s) that you request to appear on your citizenship certificate and indicate the reason for the request.
If your name was shortened (truncated) on your immigration document and does not appear in the “Remarks” section of your immigration document you must provide one of the following supporting documents showing your full name:
- Passport of entry displaying your full name (the passport you used to immigrate to Canada), or
- Canadian visa counterfoil, or
- Birth certificate issued prior to your date of entry to Canada (date you immigrated to Canada).
Have you legally changed your name or are you requesting a different name on your citizenship certificate than the name on your immigration document due to a minor or significant change in spelling?
- see Name change section in this guide in “Step 1. Gather Documents”
Note: A request for a different name is subject to approval by CIC.
- Question 3C
Write if you:
- have used another name in the past (such as your birth name, maiden name, married name), or
- are known by a name other than the one you listed above (such as a nickname or community name).
- Question 4A
- date of birth exactly as it appears on your immigration document, and
- place of birth, including the city or town and country.
Are you requesting a different date of birth on your citizenship certificate?
If yes, see Date of birth correction section in this guide in Gather Documents.
Note: A request for a different date of birth is subject to approval by CIC.
- Question 4B
Check the box or indicate your:
- sex (whether you are male or female),
- height (how tall you are), either in centimetres or feet/inches,
- eye colour, and
- legal marital status.
Important information: This information must be completed for our records. Sex, eye colour and height will be shown on your citizenship certificate.
- Question 5A
Write your current home address, complete with:
- street address,
- city or town,
- province or territory,
- postal code.
- Question 5B
Complete if your mailing address is different from your home address.
If the mailing address is that of a representative, you must indicate their mailing address in this section and complete the IMM 5476 form.
- Question 5C
- List the telephone number(s) where you can be reached.
- Question 5D
- Write how long you have lived at your current home address.
- Question 5E
Indicate your email address using this format (if applicable): email@example.com
If you provide your e-mail address, CIC may correspond with you about your application via e-mail if necessary.
If the email address is that of a representative, you must indicate their email address in this section and complete the IMM 5476 form.
- Question 6A
Write the date when you became a permanent resident (landed immigrant).
To find this date, refer to your:
- Record of Landing – IMM 1000 (box 45),
- Confirmation of Permanent Residence – IMM 5292 (box 45),
- Confirmation of Permanent Residence – IMM 5688 (Personal information),
- Permanent resident card (back).
Your entry to Canada and your status will be verified with Canadian officials. If conditions were imposed at the time you were granted permanent resident status that you have not complied with, you should contact your local CIC office to clarify this situation before applying for citizenship. You cannot be granted citizenship if you have unfulfilled (outstanding) conditions relating to your status as a permanent resident.
- Question 6B
- Write the date when you first came to Canada to live.
- Question 6C
List all countries of which you are a citizen.
- Question 6D
Write if you are a permanent resident (or the equivalent) of any other country other than Canada. If yes, list the country (countries) and the date you obtained this status for each country.
- Question 6E
Write all your Canadian addresses for the six (6) years before the date of your application or since you became a permanent resident, whichever is more recent, including the postal codes.
If you were residing, employed or attending school outside Canada, you must also list all your foreign addresses, including the postal codes.
- Question 6F
Check the box in A and B to indicate if you have worked and/or studied in the past six (6) years.
You must list all your work and education history including English/French language training for this period and must account for each month.
If you were not employed (i.e. you were unemployed, retired, homemaker, volunteering, etc. you must indicate this under “Work/Education”, and indicate the time period. Do not exclude any period of time during this period. Do not leave this section blank. If you do, your application will be returned to you.
- Question 6G
List the education history for your children, including those who are already Canadian citizens, who are or were under the age of 18 in the six (6) years before the date of application or since you became a permanent resident, whichever is more recent, if applicable. If any children did not attend school because they were not of school age, complete the information and check the box.
- Question 6H
You must have filed income taxes, if required under the Income Tax Act, for four (4) of the taxation years that are fully or partially within the six (6) years before you apply for citizenship.
To determine if you were required, under the Income Tax Act, to file income taxes, refer to the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) Newcomers to Canada (immigrants).
Check the box in A or B to indicate if you have a Social Insurance Number (SIN), a Temporary Tax Number (TTN), or an Individual Tax Number (ITN).
If you check box A, provide the most recent number that you used to file your income taxes. Complete the table for the past six (6) taxation year(s), indicating whether you were required to file personal income taxes, and whether or not you filed personal income taxes.
With your consent to the sharing of your income tax filing information between CIC and CRA, this information will be used by CIC to determine if you meet the income tax filing requirement of the Citizenship Act.
With your consent, CIC may also use this information, if required, to help determine if you meet the physical presence requirements of the Citizenship Act.
Please note that if you do not provide your consent, your application will be returned as incomplete and not be processed. If you check box B, you are declaring that you do not have a SIN, TTN, or ITN and you were not required to file personal income taxes for any of the past six (6) years.
To check your personal tax information, you may refer to the CRA’s My Account online service.
- Question 6I
Complete the Online Physical Presence Calculator and attach the signed and dated printout, or the How to Calculate Physical Presence form (CIT 0407).
- Question 6J
Answer all of the questions by checking yes or no. If you checked yes for any of the questions, you must complete the Residence outside Canada form (CIT 0177), and submit any supporting documents requested in that form.
- Question 7A
- Check which type of language proof you are submitting. See Language Proof section in this guide in “Step. 1 Gather Documents”.
- Question 7B
- Check the box to indicate if you are deaf and whether this affects your ability to submit proof of language ability. You must submit supporting documentary evidence to assist decision makers in understand the basis of your claim. See Language Proof section in this guide in “Step. 1 Gather Documents”.
- Question 7C
- Check the box to indicate if you have a disorder, disability or condition that is cognitive, psychiatric or psychological in nature which affects your ability to submit proof of language ability. You must submit supporting documentary evidence to assist decision makers in understanding the basis of your claim.
- Question 8A-K
Answer all of the questions by checking yes or no. For any yes responses provide details and if applicable, attach court documents.
Note: CIC checks with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and the Canadian Security and Intelligence Service (CSIS) to find out if there are any criminal or security reasons which could prevent you from acquiring Canadian citizenship.
You may be required to provide fingerprints and/or court documents to ensure that you are not prohibited under the Citizenship Act.
If you were present in any country, other than Canada, for at least six (6) months or longer (cumulative) in the past four (4) years, you will be required to obtain a police certificate from that country.
Consult How to get a police certificate (police check) for specific and up-to-date information on how to obtain police certificates from any country.
- Question 9A
Check whether you authorize CIC to provide your name, address, sex and preferred official language to your federal Member of Parliament so that he or she can send you a letter of congratulations if you become a Canadian citizen.
- Question 9B
Check either the Yes box or the No box to indicate whether or not you authorize CIC to provide your name, address, sex and date of birth to Elections Canada to be added to the National Register of Electors (the Register). When you become a Canadian citizen and are 18 years of age or older, you have the right to vote in federal elections and referendums. Elections Canada maintains the Register and uses it during a federal election or referendum to produce voters lists and to communicate with eligible voters.
If you check the Yes box, CIC will provide your name, address, sex and date of birth to Elections Canada to be added to the Register, but only after become a Canadian citizen. If you check the No box, CIC will not provide your information to Elections Canada. You will still have the right to vote in federal elections and referendums, but you will have to take the necessary steps to be added to the list.
More information about the Register and its uses is available at www.elections.ca. You can also call Elections Canada at 1-800-463-6868.
- Question 9C
Check whether you reside (live) in Quebec.
If yes, indicate whether you authorize CIC to provide your name, address, sex and date of birth to the Chief Electoral Officer of Québec so that your name can be added to the Permanent List of Electors (voters) if you become a Canadian citizen.
If you do not provide the authorization, you will have to go to the revision office and present two supporting documents to register your name on the list of electors to be able to vote in a provincial, municipal or school election.
- Question 9D
Check Yes box to authorize the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) to provide your “history of entries to Canada” to CIC. By selecting Yes you are also authorizing CIC to collect the history of your “entries into Canada” from the CBSA and to use the information provided by the CBSA in order to determine your citizenship eligibility.
If you choose No, you may be asked to provide additional documents later in the process which could delay the processing of your application. Please do not contact the CBSA to request your “history of entries”.
- Question 9E
Subsection 8(1) of the Privacy Act and paragraph 241(5)(b) of the Income Tax Act allows the CRA to provide personal information to CIC, with the consent of the relevant individuals. This consent is required under paragraph 2(1)(e) of the Citizenship Regulations No. 2.
- Check Yes to authorize the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) to provide details of your tax filing information to CIC. By selecting Yes you are also authorizing CIC to collect your tax filing information from the CRA in order to determine whether you meet the income tax requirement for citizenship.
- Check Yes box to authorize the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) to provide details of your tax filing information (including income, benefit, and residence information) to CIC. By selecting Yes you are also authorizing CIC to collect your tax filing information from the CRA in order to help determine whether you meet the physical presence requirement for citizenship.
- Question 9F
This section is to be completed ONLY if you successfully completed LINC/CLIC language training program at CLB/NCLC 4 from January 2008-October 2012 and you have no certificate available.
Check Yes box to authorize Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) to access your LINC/CLIC results held by CIC in order to determine your citizenship eligibility.
If you choose No, you will be required to submit an alternate acceptable proof of language ability with your application.
- Question 10
Check Yes box to indicate your intention regarding residence if granted citizenship.
Check the box to indicate if you have a mental disability which affects your ability to form the intent referred to in this question. You must submit supporting documentary evidence to assist decision makers in understanding the basis of your claim.
If you check No box, your application will be returned to you because you are declaring that you do not meet the requirements for a grant of citizenship.
This requirement signals that citizenship is for those who intend to make their home in Canada. Applicants for citizenship must satisfy this requirement up until the taking of the Oath of Citizenship. However, this requirement would not limit citizens’ mobility rights. New citizens will be able to leave and return to the country like other citizens.
- Question 11
If you appoint an individual, firm or organization as your representative, you must complete the Use of a Representative Form (IMM 5476). Note that once you appoint a representative, all correspondence from CIC regarding your application will be directed to them and not to you.
For instructions on completing the Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476), see: Guide IMM 5561 – Use of a Representative.
- Question 12
Sign and date the application form with the signature you currently use on other official documents.
Note: Your application will be returned to you if:
- the form is not signed and dated,
- stale-dated (dated more than 90 days before CIC receives it),
- post-dated (dated into the future).
Note: You must be eligible to apply for Canadian citizenship the day before you sign the application form.
Note: Your application will be returned to you if:
- You have appointed an individual, firm or organization as your representative and you did not submit the Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476) with your application or the Use of a Representative form you submitted is incomplete.
- You appoint a compensated representative who is not:
- a member of the designated body (consultant who is in good standing of the Immigration Consultants of Canada Regulatory Council (ICCRC);
- a lawyer or paralegal who is a member in good standing of a Canadian provincial or territorial law society or astudent-at-law under their supervision; or
- a notary who isa member in good standing of the Chambre des notaires du Québec or a student-at-law under their supervision.
Step 3. Pay the fees
Calculating your fees
If more than one member of your family is applying for Canadian citizenship pay the fees all together.
Use the table below to calculate the total amount of fees to be paid. Fees must be included with this application.
|Type of application||Number of persons||Total amount per person||Amount due|
|Adult (18 years of age and over)||× $630|
|Child (under 18 years of age)||× $100|
Explanation of fees and refund
This section describes the fees that are required and if they are refundable. All payment must be made in Canadian funds.
Amount: $530 for each adult and $100 for each child
Non-refundable once processing has begun, regardless of the final decision.
Right of Citizenship Fee
Amount: $100 for each adult applicant
Refundable if your application is refused.
The $100 Right of Citizenship Fee is in addition to the Processing Fee of $530 for a total of $630.
Note: We will issue the refund to the person indicated on the Payer Information section of the receipt. If there is no name indicated on the receipt, we will send the refund to the applicant.
Incorrect fee payment
Payment issue - No fee included
CIC will return your application.
Note: Processing of your application will only start after you return your application with the requested fees.
Payment issue - Insufficient fees included
CIC will return your application.
Note: Processing of your application will only start after you return your application with the requested fees.
Payment issue - Overpayment
- start processing your application, and
- send you a refund as soon as possible.
Note: You do not have to request a refund, it will be done automatically.
Payment issue – Expired payment
For expired certified cheques, bank drafts and money orders only. CIC will return your application.
Note: Processing of your application will only start after you return your application with requested fees.
Payment method options
Payment of fees online is the preferred method of payment.
Online fee payment
You can pay your fees online if you have:
- a credit card (Visa, MasterCard or American Express);
- access to a computer with an Internet connection;
- a valid e-mail address, and
- access to a printer (you will need to print the receipt).
Follow these step-by-step instructions to pay using the Internet.
- Go to Pay my fees online.
- Follow the online instructions.
- At the end, click on the button to print the CIC official receipt with barcode. Print two copies.
Do not exit without printing the receipt!
- Fill in the Payer Information section by hand.
- Attach a copy of this receipt to your completed application. Keep the second copy of the receipt for your records.
Proof of payment
The receipt printed in step 2 of the instructions above will serve as your proof of payment.
Fee payment at financial institutions in Canada
If you do not wish to pay using the Internet, you must make the payment at a financial institution in Canada. The financial institution will let you know what method of payment it accepts. There is no banking charge to pay at a financial institution. An original receipt of payment form IMM 5401 is required to process the payment. This form is not available online. You must order an original receipt of payment form (IMM 5401) by mail. Include a copy of this receipt with your paper application.
The only acceptable forms of payment are online or through a financial institution in Canada. If you send any other form of payment, CIC will return your application.
For clients located inside Canada only.
A payment receipt form (IMM 5401) can be ordered through our fees receipt page.
Follow these step-by-step instructions to pay at a financial institution in Canada.
Important information: Use an original payment receipt form (pink and white). A photocopy is not acceptable.
For more information. See: “Obtaining an original payment receipt form – Inside Canada” in this section.
Fill out one (1) payment receipt form (IMM 5401) by doing the following:
Calculate the total fee amount to be paid using the chart Calculating your fees at the beginning of this section.
Insert the total amount paid on line 09 Citizenship or Immigration Services Fees.
Important information: Do not complete the top two portions (Copy 1 and Copy 2) of the receipt. The financial institution will complete these.
Fill in the Payer Information section on the back of the payment receipt form.
Do you already have an open file and know the client identification number (client ID) that we have assigned to you?
- If yes, enter the number in the box provided for that purpose.
- If no, leave that box empty.
Bring the receipt form and your payment to the teller (cashier) at the financial institution. Do not present your application, only your receipt form.
The teller (cashier) will:
- stamp and enter the amount paid in the upper two portions (Copy 1 and Copy 2) of the receipt form, and
- give you these top two portions of the form.
Important information: Do not make payment using the automated teller machines or on a financial institution website.
The following list indicates what you should be doing with the different parts of the IMM 5401 receipt.
- Copy 1 - Client's copy (top portion): Keep for your records.
- Copy 2 - To be sent to CIC (middle portion): Attach to your completed application.
- Copy 3 (bottom portion): The financial institution will keep the bottom part.
Proof of payment
Completed payment receipt form (Original form IMM 5401)
Obtaining an original payment receipt form–Inside Canada
You may obtain an original receipt form (IMM 5401) by ordering through the fees receipt page.
Step 4. Mail the application
Where to mail the application
Mail your completed application in a stamped envelope addressed as shown below:
(Your Postal Code)
Case Processing Centre – Sydney
P.O. Box 7000
Case Processing Centre, Sydney
49 Dorchester Street
Sydney, Nova Scotia
If you are sending more than one application
If you are sending more than one application (for example, applications for family members), you may send one receipt to cover all applications. Mail the receipt (if applicable) and all applications together in one envelope so that they will be processed together.
Note: If you are sending more than one application (for example, family members), and one of the applications is incomplete, all the applications will be returned to you.
Make sure to use the Document Checklist and include it with your application.
Here are some reminders to avoid your application being returned to you:
- You must be eligible for citizenship the day before you sign the application.
- You have answered all questions on the form or wrote “N/A” (Not applicable) for any question or section that is not applicable to you.
- You have signed and dated the form. Make sure before you send it that it is not stale-dated (dated more than 90 days before CIC receives it) or post-dated (dated into the future).
- You have included photocopies of your immigrant documents: Record of Landing (IMM 1000) or Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688) and both sides of the Permanent Resident Card if you have one.
- You have included photocopies of additional documents (if applicable) such as: Language proof; biographical and renewal pages of passports and/or travel documents; court documents.
- You have included original police certificates for each country other than Canada in which you were present for a period of six (6) months or longer (cumulative).
- You have included photocopies of both sides of two (2) pieces of personal identification, one of which must have your photo on it.
- You have included two (2) photos according to the citizenship application photograph specifications.
- You have included proof of payment and exact fees.
- You have included original translation and an affidavit by the translator for any documents that are not in English or French.
- If you answered yes to question 6J, you have included the Residence outside Canada form (CIT 0177).
- If you have appointed someone to act as your representative, you have included the Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476).
What happens next?
The citizenship process
The list below presents the phases of the citizenship process of a routine application. In some cases, processing may take longer.
Phase – Application Review & File Creation
The Case Processing Centre (CPC) in Sydney makes sure your application:
- meets the minimum processing requirements;
- includes all the required documents; and
- that the appropriate fee payment has been made.
If your application is complete, processing starts.
What you receive:
- Acknowledgement of receipt,
- The citizenship study guide (one study book per family) Note: The study guide is available in alternate formats including audio.
If your application does not meet the initial processing requirements, does not include the appropriate fee payment, or is not complete, it will be returned to you.
Phase – Decision
- The CPC sends your application to the CIC office nearest to your home for further processing.
- The CIC office completes the steps necessary for a citizenship officer or a citizenship judge to make a decision on your application.
- You will be asked to come to the CIC office for a review of the original documents you submitted in support of your application, as well as all passports and travel documents relevant to the six (6) year period immediately before your application or since you became a permanent resident, whichever is more recent. If applicable, you will be evaluated on your knowledge of English or French and on your knowledge of Canada’s history, geography, government, and the rights and responsibilities of citizenship.
What you receive:
- Notification to appear to take a citizenship test; and/or
- Notification to appear for an interview with a citizenship official; and/or
- Notification to appear for a hearing with a citizenship officer or a citizenship judge.
Phase – Ceremony
If you meet all the requirements for citizenship, the CIC office notifies you in writing of the time and place of your citizenship ceremony.
What you receive:
- Notification to appear to take the oath of citizenship,
- Certificate of Canadian Citizenship received at the ceremony after taking the oath of citizenship.
For more information
Current processing times
Processing time can change. You can obtain current processing times on the Check application processing times webpage.
Updating your contact information
During the application process, you must advise us of any change of address, telephone number or email address by:
- go to the Change address page; or
- see “How to Contact CIC” at the end of this Guide.
Checking application status
You can check the status of your application online by doing the following:
- Go to Check application status on the CIC website.
- Follow the instructions provided.
Note: Your application status will only appear online once the application is received and the initial review by CIC is completed.
To obtain details on how to remove your application status information from the Internet, visit the Help Centre on the CIC website.
Protecting your information
Your personal information:
- is only available to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) and Canada Border Service Agency (CBSA) employees who need to see it in order to provide the services to you,
- may be shared, with your consent, with the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) for the purposes of validating your tax filing information; and
- is not disclosed to anyone else except as permitted under the provisions of the Privacy Act and the Citizenship Regulations.
Note: The legal authority for CIC to collect income tax information, including filing history and the Social Insurance Number (SIN) is provided for in subsection 5(1) of the Citizenship Act, section 26.6 of the Citizenship Regulations and paragraphs 2(1)(d) of the Citizenship Regulations, No 2. The CRA’s legal authority to disclose income tax information including filing history upon applicant consent is provided for in paragraph 241(5)(b) of the Income Tax Act. Income tax information including filing history provided by the CRA to CIC may be used to verify a citizenship applicant’s income tax information including filing history for the purpose of assessing their citizenship application against the tax filing and physical presence requirements of subsection 5(1)(c) of the Citizenship Act. CIC may, on occasion, send information pertaining to a citizenship application to the CRA in respect of any relevant information related to any discrepancies between the information obtained from the applicant and that provided by the CRA if there are reasonable grounds to believe that the discrepancy is a result of false representation, fraud or concealment of material circumstances made in the course of an application, as well as any personal information, including the SIN, of an applicant that the CRA is authorized to collect for the purpose of the administration of the Income Tax Act. CIC will not use this information for any other purpose or share it with any other third party.
For more information. You can obtain additional information on the protection of your data by visiting the Help Centre.
What you should be doing now
During the processing period, if you are 18 to 64 years of age, you should:
- prepare for the citizenship test and/or interview on Canada’s history, geography, government, and the rights and responsibilities of citizenship based on the study guide; and
- continue to maintain and improve your English or French if necessary.
Quality Assurance Program
Our quality assurance program randomly selects applications for a special review. If selected you will be asked to attend an interview with a Citizenship and Immigration official so that we can:
- verify the documentation and any other information you submitted is accurate,
- verify that your application has been completed properly.
Note: You will be notified in writing should your application be selected.
How to contact CIC
CIC Call Centre:
1 888 242-2100 (toll-free)
Hours of operation:
Monday to Friday 8 a.m. to 4 p.m., your local time
If you are deaf, or you have a speech impairment and use a teletype, you can access the TTY service from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. your local time by calling: 1-888-576-8502 (in Canada only).
Contact a visa office at a Canadian:
- high commission or
Consult the local phone pages or the Contact us page for contact information.
How-to videoSave Time: Send a Complete Application
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