Guide 6000 - Convention Refugees Abroad and Humanitarian-Protected Persons Abroad

Table of contents

This application is made available free of charge by Citizenship and Immigration Canada and is not to be sold to applicants.

This is not a legal document. For legal information, refer to the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and Regulations or the Citizenship Act and Regulations, as applicable.

This publication is available in alternative formats upon request.


Overview

Application package

This application package consists of:

  • an instruction guide, and
  • the required forms.

The instruction guide is a tool that provides:

  • the information you must know about this application before sending it to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) and
  • assistance with how to fill out the forms and the required supporting documents.

Read the instruction guide thoroughly and then fill out each of the applicable forms.

The forms are specifically designed with questions that will assist the processing of your application.


Symbols used in this guide

This guide uses the following symbols to indicate information of particular importance.

Required step

What you must do to have your application processed.

Important information

Important information that you need to be aware of in order to avoid delays or other problems.

Get more information

Where to get more information.

Note:

Tips that will assist you with this application.



Before you apply

Canada’s humanitarian tradition

Canada’s humanitarian tradition of offering protection to displaced and persecuted people is known around the world. Each year, Canadians assist refugees and other persecuted people to rebuild their lives in Canada. Refugees may be sponsored by:

  • the federal government, or
  • private groups, or
  • have adequate financial resources to support themselves and their families.

Who may use this application?

In order to be eligible for resettlement from abroad as a refugee, you must be a member of one of the following classes:

  • Convention Refugees Abroad or
  • Humanitarian-Protected Persons Abroad (Country of Asylum Class).

In addition, you must demonstrate an ability to re-establish your life in Canada and pass medical, security and criminality assessments.

Note: This application kit explains the application process for refugees seeking resettlement in Canada.


Refugee

The term “Refugee” used throughout this application kit refers to both Convention Refugees Abroad and members of the Country of Asylum Class.


Durable solution

The term “durable solution” means:

  • voluntarily returned to your country of nationality or habitual residence (home country), or
  • integrated into your country of asylum, or
  • accepted an offer of resettlement from a country other than Canada.

Seriously or personally affected

The term “Seriously affected” means you have been subject to sustained effective denial of a basic human right. Basic human rights include:

  • right to life,
  • freedom from torture,
  • freedom from enslavement or servitude,
  • protection from imprisonment for debt,
  • freedom of thought, conscience and religion,
  • freedom from retroactive penal laws, and
  • right to recognition as a person before the law.

The term “personally affected” means you have been and continue to be affected on a personal level as a result of civil or armed conflict or violations of human rights.


Convention Refugees Abroad Class

The word “Convention” refers to the United Nations convention relating to the Status of Refugees.

To qualify you must:

  1. have a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion, and

    1. be outside your country of nationality and unable or, by reason of that fear, unwilling to obtain the protection of your country, or
    2. if you have no country of nationality, be outside your country of former habitual residence (home country) and unable or, by reason of that fear, unwilling to return to that country, and

  2. have not ceased to be a refugee, and
  3. there must be no reasonable prospect within a reasonable period of time, of a durable solution

You cannot qualify if any of the following occur:

  1. you voluntarily re-acquire your nationality;
  2. you voluntarily re-gain the protection of your country of nationality;
  3. you acquire a new nationality and enjoy the protection of that country;
  4. you voluntarily re-establish yourself in the country which you left;
  5. the reasons for the fear of persecution have ceased to exist

Members of the Country of Asylum Class

The Country of Asylum Class is Canada’s response to the resettlement needs of people in refugee like situations who do not qualify as Convention Refugees.

To qualify you must…

  1. be outside Canada and outside your country of nationality or habitual residence (home country), and
    1. have received a private sponsorship for yourself and your family members, or
    2. be able to establish, to our satisfaction, that you have sufficient financial resources to provide for the lodging, care and maintenance, and resettlement in Canada of yourself and your family members, and
  2. have been, and continue to be “seriously and personally affected” by civil or armed conflict or a massive violation of human rights in your country of nationality or habitual residence (home country), and
  3. there must be no reasonable prospect, within a reasonable period of time, of a durable solution.

Will I be considered?

Our visa offices will only consider applications that have been referred to us by refugee referral organizations such as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) or that are accompanied by a private sponsorship.


Sponsorship programs

If you think you will need government assistance to resettle in Canada, you should know that assistance is provided to a limited number of people each year as established in our Annual Immigration Plan (more information can be found on our Immigration and citizenship page).

Privately sponsored refugees

Convention Refugees Abroad and members of the Country of Asylum whose resettlement in Canada is supported by groups of individuals or organizations in Canada.

Organizations or individuals in Canada interested in sponsoring refugees should consult the Immigration and Citizenship website or consult the Help Centre for more information.


Resettlement assistance

Whether you are a sponsored refugee or a self-supporting refugee, various forms of assistance are available to you to make your adjustment to life in Canada easier as a newcomer.

After you arrive in Canada, you will receive a general orientation to life in Canada which will cover things such as basic life skills (operating appliances etc.), housing, learning about the Canadian transportation system, educational services, grocery shopping, banking, how to begin your search for employment and other parts of everyday life.

Government-assisted refugees

The Canadian government provides accepted refugees with essential services through funding to Service Provider Organizations (SPOs) and also provides financial support through the Resettlement Assistance Program (RAP). The financial assistance is provided for up to one year from the date of arrival in Canada, or until you are able to support yourself, whichever happens first.

Privately sponsored refugees

If you are sponsored by an organization or group in Canada, your sponsors will help you:

  • find suitable housing
  • learn English or French
  • get a job
  • make friends
  • learn about Canadian culture and values and about services in the community and
  • provide you and your family with basic financial support (e.g., for lodging and food) and care for up to 12 months, or until you become self-sufficient, whichever comes first.

In rare circumstances, extended sponsorships of up to 36 months may be recommended by the visa office to the sponsorship group.

If you bring financial resources to Canada you will be expected to contribute to your own settlement costs. Sponsors may expect you (if you have financial resources) to contribute towards your settlement costs according to the same standard established for government-assisted refugees who bring financial resources to Canada.

Self-supporting refugees

As self-supporting refugees, you and your family must have enough money for basic necessities (e.g., lodging, food, shelter, clothing, etc.) once you arrive in Canada.

You are eligible to take part in government programs for newcomers, such as language instruction and orientation services, but you will not receive the financial and other support available to government-assisted refugees. As a self-supporting refugee, you will still require a referral from referral organization or a private sponsorship undertaking.


Family members

Your family members include your spouse or common-law partner, your dependent children and any children that are their dependent children.

Spouse

Refers to either of the two persons (opposite or same sex) in a marriage legally recognized in the country in which it took place, as well as in Canada.

Important information

Proxy, telephone, fax, internet and similar forms of marriage where one or both parties were not physically present are no longer considered as valid spousal relationships under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations. For more information, consult Operational Bulletin 613.

Common-law partner
Refers to a person who is living in a conjugal relationship with another person (opposite or same sex), and has done so continuously for a period of at least one year. A conjugal relationship exists when there is a significant degree of commitment between two people.

This can be shown with evidence that the couple share the same home, support each other financially and emotionally, have children together, or present themselves in public as a couple.

Common-law partners who have been in a conjugal relationship for at least one year but are unable to live together or appear in public together because of legal restrictions in their home country or who have been separated for reasons beyond their control (for example, civil war or armed conflict) may still qualify and should be included on the application.

Dependent children
Refers to the children of the applicant and those of the spouse or common-law partner, if applicable.

They must be:

  • under the age of 19 and not have a spouse or common-law partner, or
  • 19 years of age or older and unable to be financially self-sufficient since before the age of 19 due to a physical or mental condition.
Dependent child of a dependent child
Refers to children of dependent children of the applicant and those of the spouse or common-law partner, if applicable.

Note: For applicants who started an immigration process before August 1st, 2014, consult the page Definition of Dependent Children Before August 1st, 2014.


De facto dependants

De facto dependants include people who may or may not be blood relatives but who cannot apply as family members as defined above. To be considered a de facto dependant, a person must be dependent on the family in which membership is claimed. The dependency must be emotional or financial and will often be a combination of both factors. Such people would normally, but not exclusively, live with the principal applicant as members of the same household.

De facto dependants must complete their own application forms. An officer at the visa office will determine if a person can be considered as a de facto dependant.


Accompanying and following family member

Accompanying family member: A spouse, common-law partner, dependent child, or dependent child of a dependent child who intends to immigrate to Canada with the principal applicant. The visas will be issued at the same time.

Following family member: A spouse, common-law partner, dependent child, or dependent child of a dependent child who has been separated from the family and is listed on the principal applicant’s application form as a family member. This family member could not be processed at the same time as the principal applicant, but if included on the original application, can be processed as part of the same application, within one year of the date the principal applicant arrived in Canada (see family reunification).


Family reunification (One-year window of opportunity)

Canada recognizes that some family members may become separated from the family unit due to circumstances they cannot control. In cases where a family member has been separated from the family unit and the family is accepted for resettlement and travels to Canada, the separated family members can be processed on the same application as long as:

  • the principal applicant has identified the separated family members on his or her application prior to departure to Canada and
  • the separated family members submit an application at the visa office within one year of the date the principal applicant arrived in Canada.

Medical requirements

You and your family members may be required to undergo a medical examination in order to come to Canada. To pass the medical examination you or your family members must not have a condition that is a danger to public health or safety.

Information on medical instructions will be provided to you by the visa office. You are not required to have a medical examination before you submit your application form(s).


Should I pay processing fees?

There are no application or processing fees for people applying to immigrate to Canada in a refugee class.


Immigrant loans

A person accepted for immigration to Canada may be eligible for financial assistance through one or more of the following loan programs:

Transportation loan
to cover the expense of travel to Canada.
Admissibility loan
to cover the costs of medical expenses related to your medical exams.
Assistance loan
to help disadvantaged newcomers cover expenses such as housing rental, telephone deposits or work tools.

If you are given an immigrant loan, you will be required to pay the loan back in montly payment once you arrive in Canada.


Step 1. Gather Documents

What documents are required?

Collect the documents you need to support your application. The Document Checklist (IMM 5679) of this application kit will tell you which documents you must submit with your application.

Use the Document Checklist to make sure that you have included all of the required documents. The visa office may request more information at any time during the application process.

Note: If you plan to live in the province of Quebec, you will need to obtain a Certificat de Sélection du Québec. Our officers will provide you with more information about this process.


Do I need a passport or travel document?

In most circumstances, a passport or travel document is needed for travel to Canada. If you do not have a passport or travel document and are unable to obtain one, you must inform the Canadian visa office.


Translation of documents

Any document that is not in English or French must be accompanied by:

  • the English or French translation; and
  • an affidavit from the person who completed the translation; and
  • a certified copy of the original document.

Translations may be done by a person who is fluent in both languages (English or French and the unofficial language). If the translation is not provided by a member in good standing of a provincial or territorial organization of translators and interpreters in Canada, the translation must be accompanied by an affidavit swearing to the accuracy of the translation and the language proficiency of the translator.

The affidavit must be sworn in the presence of:

In Canada:

  • a notary public
  • a commissioner of oaths
  • a commissioner of taking affidavits

Authority to certify varies by province and territory. Consult your local provincial or territorial authorities.

Outside of Canada:

  • a notary public

Authority to administer oaths varies by country. Consult your local authorities.

Important information: Translations must not be done by the applicants themselves nor by members of the applicant’s family. Family member is defined as being a: parent, guardian, sibling, spouse, common-law partner, grandparent, child, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew and first cousin.

Note: An affidavit is a document on which the translator has sworn, in the presence of a person authorized to administer oaths in the country in which the translator is living, that the contents of their translation are a true translation and representation of the contents of the original document. Translators who are certified members in good standing of one of the provincial or territorial organizations of translators and interpreters of Canada do not need to supply an affidavit.


Certified true copies

To have a photocopy of a document certified, an authorized person must compare the original document to the photocopy and must print the following on the photocopy:

  • “I certify that this is a true copy of the original document”,
  • the name of the original document,
  • the date of the certification,
  • his or her name,
  • his or her official position or title, and
  • his or her signature.

Who can certify copies?

Persons authorized to certify copies include the following:

In Canada:

  • a notary public
  • a commissioner of oaths
  • a commissioner of taking affidavits

Authority to certify varies by province and territory. Consult your local provincial or territorial authorities.

Outside Canada:

  • a notary public

Authority to certify international documents varies by country. Consult your local authorities.

Family members may not certify copies of your documents. Family member is defined as being a: parent, guardian, sibling, spouse, common-law partner, grandparent, child, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew and first cousin.


Step 2. Complete the Application

Filling out the application

The following are the forms that must be filled out and submitted:

Important information: It is a serious offence to give false or misleading information on these forms. The information you provide on your application is subject to verification.



Important information

Be complete and accurate

Complete all sections. If a section does not apply to you, write “Not Applicable” or “NA”. If your application is incomplete it may be returned to you and this will delay the processing of your application.

If you need more space for any section, print out an additional page containing the appropriate section, complete it and submit it along with your application.


Generic Application Form for Canada (IMM 0008)

Who must fill out this application form?

This form must be completed by:

  • You, the principal applicant.


Note

Completing the form

You must answer all questions on this application form unless indicated otherwise.

Download and fill out the application form on a computer.

You also have the option of saving your form and completing it later.

Note: Completing the form electronically is easier and reduces the risk of errors that can slow down the application process.

In order to help you fill out the application form, read and follow the steps below.


Application Details

Question 1

From the list, select the Program under which you are applying:

  • Family
  • Economic
  • Refugee
  • Other
Question 2

From the list, select the Category under which you are applying:

  • If you chose “Family” in question 1, select one of the following:
    • Spouse
    • Common-law partner
    • Conjugal partner
    • Dependent child/adopted child
    • Child to be adopted in Canada
    • Parents/grandparents
    • Orphaned sibling/nephew/niece/grandchild
    • Other relative
  • If you chose “ Economic” in question 1, select one of the following:
    • Skilled worker
    • Skilled trades
    • Self-employed
    • Provincial nominee
    • Canadian experience class
    • Quebec selected skilled worker
    • Quebec selected entrepreneur
    • Quebec selected self employed
    • Quebec selected investor
    • Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP)
    • Caring for Children Class
    • Caring for People with High Medical Needs
    • Startup Business
  • If you chose “Refugee” in question 1, select one of the following:
    • In Canada – Refugee Claim
    • In Canada – Protected Person (for Convention Refugees or other protected persons applying for permanent residence from within Canada)
    • Outside Canada – Refugee (for Convention Refugees or other protected persons applying for permanent residence from outside Canada)
  • If you chose “Other” in question 1, select one of the following:
    • In Canada – Humanitarian & Compassionate Considerations
    • Permit Holder Class
Question 3

Indicate the total number of family members included in your application. This includes yourself and any family members, regardless of whether they intend to accompany you to Canada or not.

For refugee claimants in Canada only: Indicate the total number of family members included in your application for refugee protection who are with you in Canada.

Question 4

Language preference

From the list, select your preferred language for:

  1. correspondence
  2. interview (if you select English or French, an interpreter will not be required), and
    Note: If your native language does not appear in this list, select “other”.
  3. interpreter requested (necessary if English or French is not selected for the interview).
Question 5

Where do you intend to live in Canada?

From the list select the:

  1. Province/Territory
  2. City/Town
Question 6

If you intend to live in the Province of Quebec and are not a refugee claimant or member of the protected persons or live-in caregivers classes, have you received your Certificat de Sélection du Québec (CSQ)?

  1. Check the corresponding box
  2. If you checked “Yes”, please indicate the CSQ number
  3. If you checked “No”, indicate the date when you applied for your CSQ (if you have not yet applied, please do so before applying for permanent residence)

Note: If you are applying for refugee protection, check “no” for Question 7a and leave 7c blank.


Principal Applicant’s Personal Details

The following questions must be answered by the Principal Applicant.

Question 1

Indicate your full family name (surname or last name) as it appears on your passport, travel or identity document.

Note: If you are a parent of a child to be adopted in Canada who is not yet identified, indicate your family name(s).

Indicate all of your given name(s) (first, second or more) as they appear on your passport, travel or identity document. Do not use initials.

Note: If you are a parent of a child to be adopted in Canada who is not yet identified, indicate “Child” or leave the given name field blank.

Question 2

Nickname/Alias

Check the box to indicate if you have ever used any other name than those indicated in question one. This could be your birth name, maiden name, married name, nickname, etc. If “Yes”, provide your nickname/alias by indicating it in the family name and given name(s) fields.

Question 3

Indicate your Unique Client Identifier number (UCI) or Client Identification number (Client ID), if known (8-digit number). Otherwise, leave it blank. If this is your first application with CIC you will not have a UCI or a Client ID.

Question 4

From the list, select your sex (male, female or unknown).

Note: If you are a parent of a child to be adopted in Canada who is not yet identified, select “Unknown”.

Question 5

Indicate your height in either centimetres or feet and inches.

Question 6

From the list, select your eye color.

Note: If you are a parent of a child to be adopted in Canada who is not yet identified, select “Other”.

Question 7

Indicate your complete date of birth.

Note: If you do not know your complete date of birth, please use a “*” (star sign/asterisk) to fill in the spaces for the unknown year, month or day.

Question 8

Indicate your place of birth, including the city or town,

From the list, select your country of birth.

Note: If you are a parent of a child to be adopted in Canada who is not yet identified, indicate “Unknown” for the city or town and select the country where you intend to adopt a child.

Question 9

Citizenship(s)

  1. From the list, select your country of citizenship.
  2. If you are a citizen of more than one country, select your other country of citizenship.

Note: If you are a parent of a child to be adopted in Canada who is not yet identified, select the country where you intend to adopt a child.

Question 10

Current country of residence

From the list, select the appropriate information to indicate:

  • The name of your current country of residence. Your country of residence is the country in which you are residing, provided that you have been lawfully admitted to that country.

For refugee claimants in Canada only: select Canada whether you have been lawfully admitted or not.

  • Your immigration status in that country (indicate one of the following):
    • Citizen
    • Permanent resident
    • Visitor
    • Worker
    • Student
    • Other
    • Protected Person
    • Refugee Claimant
    • Foreign National
  • Other: This section must be completed if you selected “Other” as a status.
  • The dates (From – To) you have been living in your current country of residence.

For out-of-status applicants:

  • Under “Status” select “Other”;
  • Under “Other” type in “Out of status, requires restoration”;
  • Leave the “From” and “To” boxes blank.

Note: If you are a parent of a child to be adopted in Canada who is not yet identified, select the country where you intend to adopt a child and “Citizen” as the immigration status in that country.

Question 11

Enter the date of your last entry to Canada, if applicable.

Indicate the place you last entered Canada (example: Toronto airport, Lacolle border crossing, seaport Yarmouth, etc.).

Question 12

Previous countries of residence

Check the box to indicate whether you have lived in any country other than your country of citizenship or your current country of residence for more than six (6) months in the past five (5) years.

If you checked “Yes”, from the list select the appropriate information to indicate the following:

  • The name of the country you lived in
  • Your immigration status for the time you were in that country: Citizen
    • Permanent resident
    • Visitor
    • Worker
    • Student
    • Other
    • Protected Person
    • Refugee Claimant
    • Foreign National
  • Other: This section must be completed if you selected “Other” as a status
  • The dates (From – To) you were living in that country.
Question 13
  1. From the list, choose your current marital status:

    Annulled Marriage:

    This is a marriage that is legally declared as not valid. An annulment can also be a declaration by the Catholic Church that the marriage union did not have a binding force.

    Common-
    Law:

    This means that you have lived continuously with your partner in a marital-type relationship for a minimum of one (1) year.

    Divorced:

    This means that you are officially separated and have legally ended your marriage.

    Legally Separated:

    This means that you are married, but no longer living with your spouse.

    Married:

    This means that you and your spouse have had a ceremony that legally binds you to each other. Your marriage must be legally recognized in the country where it was performed and in Canada.

    Single:

    This means that you have never been married and are not in a common-law relationship.

    Widowed:

    This means that your spouse has died and that you have not re-married or entered into a common-law relationship.

  2. Enter the date (year, month and day) you were married or you entered into your current common-law relationship.

  3. Indicate the family name(s) and given name(s) of your current spouse or common-law partner.

Note: If you are a parent of a child to be adopted in Canada who is not yet identified, select “Single”.

Question 14

Check the box to indicate whether you have previously been married or in a common-law relationship. If you checked “Yes”, provide the following details for your previous spouse/common-law partner:

  • Family name(s)
  • Given name(s)
  • Type of relationship:
    • Common-law or
    • Married
  • Dates (From – To) for which you were in the relationship with your previous spouse/common-law partner
  • Date of birth.

Contact Information

Question 1

Indicate your current mailing address (where information should be mailed) by typing the following information:

  • Post Office Box (P.O. Box) number, if applicable. If you do not indicate post office box, the Street number must be provided
  • Apartment (Apt.) or Unit, if applicable
  • Street number (No.), if applicable. It is the number on your house or apartment building. This must be provided if you did not type in a P.O. Box
  • Street name, if applicable
  • City or Town
  • From the list, select the Country of your current mailing address
  • Province or State
  • Postal code/zip code
  • District, if applicable

Note: All correspondence will go to this address unless you indicate your e-mail address.

If you wish to have a representative who can conduct business on your behalf, you must provide their address in this section and on the Use of a Representative (IMM 5476) form.

For more information read the Use of a Representative section in this guide.

Question 2

Check the box to indicate whether your residential address (where you live) is the same as your mailing address. If “No”, indicate the following information:

  • Apartment (Apt.) or Unit, if applicable
  • Street Number (No.). It is the number on your house or apartment building.
  • Street Name
  • City or Town
  • Country
  • Province or State
  • Postal Code/zip code
  • District, if applicable
Question 3

Check the appropriate box to indicate if the telephone number is from Canada/the United States (US) or Other (any other country).

From the list, select the type of telephone:

  • Residence (home)
  • Cellular (cell/mobile)
  • Business (work)

Indicate your telephone number including the country code, area/regional codes, etc.

If you have an extension number, indicate it after your phone number under “Ext.

Question 4

Check the appropriate box to indicate if your alternate telephone number is from Canada/the United States or Other (any other country).

From the list, select the type of telephone:

  • Residence (home)
  • Cellular (cell/mobile)
  • Business (work)

Indicate your telephone number including the country code, area/regional codes, etc.

If you have an extension number, indicate it after your phone number under “Ext.

Question 5

Check the appropriate box to indicate if the facsimile (fax) number is from Canada or the United States or Other (any other country).

If applicable, indicate your facsimile (fax) number, including country code, area/regional codes, etc.

Question 6

If applicable, indicate your e-mail address using a format similar to the following: name@provider.net

Note: By indicating your e-mail address, you are hereby authorizing CIC to transmit your file and personal information to this specific e-mail.


Passport

Question 1

Check the appropriate box to indicate if you have a valid passport or travel document.

Question 2

If you checked “Yes”, provide your passport or travel document number. Make sure there is no space between each number or letter.

Question 3

From the list, select the country that issued your passport or travel document.

Question 4

Enter the date your passport or travel document was issued.

Question 5

Enter the expiry date of your passport or travel document.


National Identity Document

Question 1

Check the appropriate box to indicate if you have a valid identity document.

Question 2

If you checked “Yes”, provide your identity document number. Make sure there is no space between each number or letter.

Question 3

From the list, select the name of the country that issued your identity document.

Question 4

Enter the issue date of your identity document.

Question 5

Enter the expiry date of your identity document.


Education/Occupation Detail

Question 1

From the list, select your highest level of education.

Type of education

None
No education.
Secondary or less
High school diploma obtained after elementary school and before college, university, or other formal training.
Trade / Apprenticeship certificate / Diploma
Diploma completed in a specific trade, such as carpentry or auto mechanics.
Non-university certificate / Diploma
Training in a profession that requires formal education but not at the university level (for example, dental technician or engineering technician).
Post-secondary – No degree
Post-secondary studies at a college or university but no degree earned.
Bachelor’s degree
Academic degree awarded by a college or university to those who completed an undergraduate curriculum; also called a baccalaureate. Examples include a Bachelor of Arts, Science or Education.
Post Graduate – No degree
Post Graduate studies at a college or university but no degree earned (Master or PhD).
Master’s degree
Academic degree awarded by a graduate school of a college or university. You must have completed a Bachelor’s degree before a Master’s degree can be earned.
Doctorate – PhD
Highest university degree, usually based on at least three (3) years of graduate studies and a thesis. Normally, you must have completed a Master’s degree before a PhD can be earned.
Question 2

Indicate the total number of years of formal education that you have completed, including elementary and secondary school.

Question 3

Indicate your current occupation.

Note: If you are a parent of a child to be adopted in Canada who is not yet identified, indicate “Unknown”.

Question 4

Indicate your intended occupation in Canada.

Note: If you are a parent of a child to be adopted in Canada who is not yet identified, indicate “Unknown”.


Language Detail

Question 1
  1. From the list, select your first (native) language. This is the language that you learned at home during your childhood and which you still understand.

    Note: If your native language does not appear in this list, select “Other”.

  2. If your native language is not English or French, select from the list which one you would most likely use:

    • English
    • French
    • Neither

Note: This question is not used for selection purposes. One of Canada’s objectives with respect to immigration is to support and assist the development of minority language communities in Canada.

Note: If you are a parent of a child to be adopted in Canada who is not yet identified, select the native language of the country where you intend to adopt a child.

Question 2

From the list, select whether you are able to communicate in English and/or French:

  • English
  • French
  • Both
  • Neither

Dependant(s)

You, the principal applicant must answer each question on behalf of each of your dependant(s).

Note: Remember that all questions in this section are about your dependant. You must include your spouse or common-law partner, if applicable, and all of your dependent children, and those of your spouse or common-law partner, who are not already permanent residents or Canadian citizens.

You can add up to five (5) dependants in this form (IMM 0008).

To add a new dependant to the application, click the “Add Dependant” button, located at the bottom of the page.

To remove a dependant from the application, click the “Remove Dependant” button.

If you have more than five (5) family members, you must complete the Additional Dependants/Declaration (IMM 0008DEP) form for each additional family member in order to include everyone in your application.


Note
Important

You must list all family members in your application for permanent residence, whether they are accompanying you to Canada or not. You must also provide details on family members whose location is unknown (including those missing or presumed dead). If you don’t, you will not be able to sponsor family members at a later date if they are not listed on your application.


Dependant’s Personal Details

Questions 1-9

Questions 1 to 9 are identical to the questions you answered for yourself. Refer to the previous instructions to help you answer the questions for your dependant(s).

Question 10
  1. From the list, select your dependant’s relationship to you, the principal applicant:
    • Adopted Child
    • Child
    • Common-law partner
    • Grandchild
    • Other
    • Spouse
    • Step-Child
    • Step-Grandchild
  2. Complete if you chose “Other”
Question 11
  1. Check the box to indicate whether or not, your dependant will accompany you to Canada.
  2. If you answered “No”, provide the reason why your dependant is non-accompanying.
Question 12

From the list, select the type of dependant:

Type 1
The dependent is under the age of 19 and single (not married and not in a common-law relationship).
Type 2

The dependent is 19 years of age or older, has been financially dependent on a parent since before the age of 19 due to a physical or mental condition.

The following types of children are for applicants who started an immigration process before August 1st, 2014.

Type A
The dependant is under the age of 22 and single (not married and not in a common-law relationship).
Type B
The dependant has been continuously enrolled in and in attendance as a full‑time student at a post-secondary institution accredited by the relevant government authority and has depended substantially on the financial support of a parent either:
  • since before the age of 22, or
  • since marrying or entering into a common-law relationship (if it happened before the age of 22).
Type C
The dependant is 22 years of age or older, has depended substantially on the financial support of a parent since before the age of 22, and is unable to provide for himself or herself because of a medical condition.
Question 13

Current country of residence

From the list, select the appropriate information to indicate:

  • The name of your dependant’s current country of residence. The country of residence is the country in which they are residing, provided they have been lawfully admitted to that country.

For refugee claimants in Canada only: select Canada whether your dependant has been lawfully admitted or not.

  • Your dependant’s immigration status in that country (indicate one of the following):
    • Citizen
    • Permanent resident
    • Visitor
    • Worker
    • Student
    • Other
    • Protected Person
    • Refugee Claimant
    • Foreign National
  • Other: This section must be completed if you selected “Other” as a status.
  • The dates (From – To) your dependant has been living in their current country of residence.

For out-of-status applicants:

  • Under “Status” select “Other”;
  • Under “Other” type in “Out of status, requires restoration”;
  • Leave the “From” and “To” boxes blank.
Question 14

Enter the date of your dependant’s last entry to Canada.

Indicate the place they last entered Canada (example: Toronto airport, Lacolle border crossing, seaport Yarmouth, etc.).

Question 15

Previous countries of residence

Check the box to indicate whether your dependant has lived in any country other than their country of citizenship or their current country of residence for more than six (6) months in the past five (5) years.

If you checked “Yes”, select the appropriate information from the list to indicate the following:

  • The name of the country your dependant lived in
  • Your dependant’s immigration status for the time they were in that country:
    • Citizen
    • Permanent resident
    • Visitor
    • Worker
    • Student
    • Other
    • Protected Person
    • Refugee Claimant
    • Foreign National
  • Other: This section must be completed if you selected “Other” as a status
  • The dates (From – To) your dependant was living in that country.
Question 16
  1. From the list, choose your dependant’s current marital status:

    • Annulled Marriage
    • Common-Law
    • Divorced
    • Legally Separated
    • Married
    • Single
    • Widowed
  2. Enter the date (year, month and day) your dependant was married or entered into their current common-law relationship.
  3. Indicate the family name(s) and given name(s) of your dependant’s current spouse or common-law partner.
Question 17

Check the box to indicate whether your dependant has previously been married or in a common-law relationship. If you checked “Yes”, provide the following details for your dependant’s previous spouse/common-law partner:

  • Family name(s)
  • Given name(s)
  • Type of relationship:
    • Common-law or
    • Married
  • Dates (From – To) for which your dependant was in the relationship with their previous spouse/common-law partner.

Passport

Question 1

Check the appropriate box to indicate if your dependant has a valid passport or travel document.

Question 2

If you checked “Yes”, provide their passport or travel document number. Make sure there is no space between each number or letter.

Question 3

From the list, select the name of the country that issued their passport or travel document.

Question 4

Enter the issue date of their passport or travel document.

Question 5

Enter the expiry date of their passport or travel document.


National Identity Document

Question 1

Check the appropriate box to indicate if your dependant has a valid identity document.

Question 2

If you checked “Yes”, provide their identity document number. Make sure there is no space between each number or letter.

Question 3

From the list, select the name of the country that issued their identity document.

Question 4

Enter the issue date of their identity document.

Question 5

Enter the expiry date of their identity document.


Education/Occupation Detail

Question 1

From the list, select your dependant’s highest level of education.

For definitions, refer to the type of education table.

Question 2

Indicate the total number of years of formal education that they completed, including elementary and secondary school.

Question 3

Indicate their current occupation.

Question 4

Indicate their intended occupation in Canada.


Language Detail

Question 1
  1. From the list, select your dependant’s first (native) language. This is the language that they learned at home during their childhood and which they still understand.

    Note: If the native language does not appear in this list, select “Other”.

  2. If your dependant’s native language is not English or French, select from the list which one they would most likely use:
    • English
    • French
    • Neither

Note: This question is not used for selection purposes. One of Canada’s objectives with respect to immigration is to support and assist the development of minority language communities in Canada.

Note: If you are a parent of a child to be adopted in Canada who is not yet identified, select the native language of the country where you intend to adopt a child.

Question 2

From the list, select whether they are able to communicate in English and/or French:

  • English
  • French
  • Both
  • Neither
Question 3

Check Yes or No to indicate if you have taken a test from a designated testing agency to assess your proficiency in English or French.


Consent and Declaration of Applicant

Refer to the following table in order to complete your form properly.

  1. Once the application is completed, click on the “Validate” button located at the top or bottom of the form. This will generate a barcode page or pages (see image below).

    Barcode

    Note: This barcode page will not appear if you fill out your application by hand.

  2. Print all pages of your application form.

  3. Read all of the statements in all sections carefully and:


    Note
    1. Write your name in the space provided.
    2. Check the appropriate box to indicate if you agree that the information contained in this application related to your intended occupation, education and work experience may be shared with prospective employers in order to assist them in hiring workers.
    3. Sign and date in the spaces provided.

    By signing, you certify that you fully understand the questions asked, and that the information you have provided is complete, truthful, and correct. If you do not sign and date, the application will be returned to you.

  4. Place the barcode page(s) on the top of your application (forms and supporting documents) when you submit it.


Additional Dependants/Declaration Form (IMM 0008DEP)

Who must fill out this application form?

This form must be completed by:

  • You, the principal applicant, on behalf of each of your dependants not included in the Generic Application Form for Canada (IMM 0008).

The questions are the same that you answered for yourself and other dependants on the IMM 0008.

Follow the previous instructions to help you answer the questions.


Consent and Declaration of Applicant

Read all of the statements in all sections carefully and then:

  1. Write your dependant’s name in the space provided.
  2. Check the appropriate box to indicate if you agree that the information contained in this application related to your dependant’s intended occupation, education and work experience may be shared with prospective employers in order to assist them in hiring workers.
  3. Sign and date in the spaces provided.

By signing, you certify that your dependant fully understands the questions asked, and that the information you have provided is complete, truthful, and correct. If you do not sign and date, the application will be returned to you.

Note: If you are less than 18 years of age, your form must be signed by one of your parents or a legal guardian.


Schedule A – Background/Declaration (IMM 5669)

Who must fill out this application form?

This form must be completed by:

  • you, the principal applicant;
  • your spouse or common-law partner (whether accompanying you to Canada or not), and
  • your dependent children aged 18 years or older  (whether accompanying you to Canada or not).

For refugee claimants in Canada: Only family members included in your application for refugee protection who are with you in Canada must complete this form.

Question 1

Indicate your full family name (surname or last name) as it appears on your passport, travel or identity document.

Indicate all of your given name(s) (first, second or more) as they appear on your passport, travel or identity document. Do not use initials.

Question 2

Indicate your name in your native language or script (if applicable).

For example: Arabic, Cyrillic, Chinese, Farsi, Korean, Japanese characters or Chinese commercial/telegraphic code.

Question 3

Indicate your date of birth.

Note: If you do not know your complete date of birth, please use a “*” (star sign/asterisk) to fill in the spaces for the unknown year, month or day.

Question 4

Provide your father’s personal details including his:

  • family name (surname or last name),
  • given name(s),
  • date of birth,
  • town or city of birth,
  • country of birth,
  • date of death (if applicable).
Question 5

Provide your mother’s personal details including her:

  • family name (surname or last name),
  • given name(s),
  • date of birth,
  • town or city of birth,
  • country of birth,
  • date of death (if applicable).
Question 6

Answer each question of the section by checking the appropriate box.

If you answered “Yes” to one or more of these questions, you must write an explanation of what happened in the space provided. If you need more space, attach a separate sheet of paper.

Question 7

Education

Indicate the number of years of formal education you have which you have completed at each of the levels indicated.

Provide the details about each secondary and post secondary educational institution you attended, including the:

  • period of time that you attended the institution,
  • name of the institution,
  • city and country,
  • type of certificate or diploma issued, and
  • field of study.

If no diploma was issued, write “N/A”. If you need more space, attach a separate sheet of paper.

Question 8

Provide the details of your personal history since the age of 18, or the past 10 years, whichever is most recent.

Start with the most recent information. Under “Activity”, write your occupation or job title if you were working. If you were not working, provide information on what you were doing (for example: unemployed, studying, travelling, retired, in detention, etc.). If you were outside your country of nationality, indicate your status in that country.

Note: Please ensure that you do not leave any gaps in time.

Important information: Failure to account for all time periods will result in a delay in the processing of your application.

Question 9

Indicate the names of all membership or association with organizations you are or were a member of, including:

  • political organizations,
  • social organizations,
  • youth or student organizations,
  • trade unions, and
  • professional associations.

If you were not a member of an association or organization, do not write “not applicable”. Rather, write: “I have never been a member of an organization or association”.

Note: Do not use abbreviations. Write the city and country where you were a member.

Question 10

Indicate any government positions you have held in the past such as:

  • Civil servant;
  • Judge;
  • Police officer;
  • Employee in a security organization;
  • Etc.

Write “NONE” in the box if you have not been a member of an association or organization.

Include:

  • the name of the country and the level of jurisdiction (examples: national, regional or municipal),
  • the name of the department or the branch you worked for, and
  • activities and/or positions that you held.

Note: Do not use abbreviations.

Question 11

Give complete details about your military or paramilitary service (if applicable). Provide the details of your military or paramilitary service for each of the countries whose armed forces you served in. If you were not in any military or paramilitary service, write “NONE”. Do not leave gaps in time.

Question 12

Indicate the residential addresses where you have lived since your 18th birthday or the past 10 years, whichever is most recent, complete with the postal code. Do not use P.O. box addresses.


Note

Authority to disclose personal information
Declaration of applicant

Read all of the statements in all sections carefully. Sign and date in the boxes provided. By signing, you certify that you fully understand the questions asked, and that the information you have provided is complete, truthful, and correct. If you do not sign and date, the application will be returned to you.

Note: The bottom section of Schedule A should not be completed at this time.


Schedule 2 – Refugees Outside Canada (IMM 0008 Schedule 2)

Who needs to complete this application form?

This form must be completed by:

  • you, as the principal applicant
  • your spouse or common-law partner
  • your dependent children aged 18 or over and
  • your dependent children of any age applying under the one-year family reunification period.

Family members applying under the one-year family reunification (one year window) period must check the “following family member” box at the top of the page. If you know the Client ID number (also known as the case file number) of the principal applicant, write it in the space provided.

Note: Family members do not have to complete certain sections of this form. Follow the instructions given.

General Application Information

Check the box to indicate if you are:

  • The principal applicant
  • Family member or
  • Following family member

Write your family name, given names and date of birth.
Check the box to indicate if you have been:

  • Referred by UNHCR
  • Referred by another referral organization
  • Identified for private sponsorship by a Canadian group or
  • None of the above

Part A

Question 1
  1. Check the box to indicate if you have ever applied for resettlement under Canada’s Refugee and Humanitarian Resettlement program.
    • If “Yes”, answer 1 B) and 1 C)
    • If “No”, go to question 2
  2. Indicate when and where you applied and what the result was.
  3. If your application was refused, describe what has changed to make you feel that you are now eligible under Canada’s Refugee and Humanitarian program.
Question 2

Answer each question of the section by checking the appropriate box.

Question 3

Answer each question.

Explain why you fled your home country in as much detail as possible. Describe the circumstances and events that affected you and members of your family, and indicate how these circumstances resulted in your decision to leave.

Note: Read the definitions of Canada’s refugee classes before answering these questions (see section “Before You Apply”).

Question 4

Describe the details of your travel to the country where you are now living, including any assistance you received and how you crossed any borders.

Provide as much detail as possible, including:

  • Locations
  • Dates
  • Modes of transportation
  • Names of airline companies, etc.
Question 5

Answer each question.

If you answer “No”, explain.

Question 6

Indicate whether you feel threatened in the country where you now live. If you have experienced or are experiencing any problems with the military or civil authorities of the country or from any other groups or individuals in the country where you now live, explain in as much detail as possible.

If you answer “No”, go to question 9.

Question 7

This section requests any information not already included in the questions above that will help us understand your circumstances and need for resettlement. Include anything that you feel is important for us to know.

Part B

Question 8

Indicate your and your family members’ status in your current country of residence. For example:

  • Citizen
  • Permanent resident
  • Visitor
  • Refugee
  • No legal status
  • Other
Question 9

Indicate if you and/or your family members understand English or French.

If you answer “Yes”, explain where and when you learned it.

Question 10

List any skills and personal qualities that you and your family members have that will help you to resettle in Canada. You may have acquired skills through paid or unpaid employment, schooling, child care, home maintenance, etc.

Personal qualities show your adaptability to new situations, your motivation to resettle, your initiative and resourcefulness. For example, learning the language of the country you are now in, learning new job skills to get work in the country where you now live, efforts you have made to keep your family together, etc.

Question 11

If you are interested in living in a city in Canada where a family member or relative currently lives, print:

  • their name
  • address
  • telephone number
  • the relationship of this person to you.

We will make every effort to send you to the city where your family members or relatives live. You may also include the name of individuals, organizations or employers who are willing to assist you. If you don’t know anyone, print “N/A”.

Question 12

Indicate how much money you will bring to Canada in the currency of the country in which you now live. Do not list jewellery, cars or other personal assets. If you will not have any money, print “N/A”.

Part C

Question 13

For each de facto dependant, enter:

  • the name
  • the relationship to you
  • the date and place of birth
  • the marital status and
  • whether or not the individual lives with you and if they are accompanying you to Canada.

If you are not including de facto dependants as part of your family unit, write “N/A” and go to Box 16.

Question 14

For each child 18 years of age or older who will not accompany you to Canada, enter:

  • the name
  • the relationship to you
  • the date and place of birth
  • the marital status (including common-law relationships) and
  • the child’s current city or town and country of residence.
Question 15

For each brother and sister, enter:

  • the name
  • the relationship to you
  • the date and place of birth
  • the marital status (including common-law relationships) and
  • the current city or town and country of residence.

Part D

Question 16

If you do not sign, the application will be returned to you.

If you have a private sponsoring group, you may wish to check “Yes” to the release of your information to the sponsoring group. If you know the name of the sponsoring group and of the contact person, complete the Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476).

Question 17

Indicate if you have received assistance in completing your application.

If you answer “Yes”, write the name of the individual or organization that assisted you.


Use of a Representative (IMM 5476)

Who may use this form?

Complete this form only if you:

  • are appointing a representative;
  • have to update contact information for your previously appointed representative; or
  • are cancelling a representative’s appointment.

If you have dependent children aged 18 years or older, they are required to complete their own copy of this form if a representative is also conducting business on their behalf.

Who is a representative?

A representative is someone who provides advice, consultation, or guidance to you at any stage of the application process, or in a proceeding and, if you appoint him or her as your representative by filling out this form, has your permission to conduct business on your behalf with Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) and the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA).

You are not obliged to hire a representative. We treat everyone equally, whether they use the service of a representative or not.

When you appoint a representative:

  • you also authorize IRCC and CBSA to share information from your case file with this person in place of you. Please note the representative will receive all correspondence from IRCC or the CBSA, not the applicant;
  • your application will not be given special attention nor can you expect faster processing or a more favourable outcome;
  • the representative is authorized to represent you only on citizenship or immigration matters related to the application you submit with this form; and
  • you can appoint only one (1) representative for each application you submit.

Important information: You must notify IRCC if your representative’s contact information changes, or if you change your representative, or cancel the appointment of your representative. For more information on updating IRCC with your representative’s information, please see below section - Notify IRCC about any changes.

There are two (2) types of representatives.

Uncompensated Representatives:

Uncompensated representatives do not charge fees or receive any other form of consideration or compensation for providing advice or services to represent you before IRCC or the CBSA.

Uncompensated representatives include:

  • friends and family members who do not, and will not, charge a fee or receive any other consideration for their advice and services;
  • organizations that do not, and will not, charge a fee or receive any other consideration for providing citizenship or immigration advice or assistance (such as a non-governmental or religious organization);
  • consultants, lawyers and Quebec notaries, and students-at-law under their supervision, who do not, and will not, charge a fee or receive any other consideration to represent you.

Note: You do not have to pay someone for them to be your representative. IRCC will conduct business with an uncompensated representative if an applicant appoints them on their behalf.

Compensated representatives:

Compensated representatives charge a fee or receive some other form of consideration in exchange for the representation that they provide.

It is important to know that anyone who represents or advises you for payment - or offers to do so - in connection with IRCC proceedings or applications is breaking the law unless they are an authorized representative or they have a specific agreement or arrangement with the Government of Canada that allows them to represent or advise you. This applies to advice or consultation which happens before or after a citizenship or an immigration application is made or a proceeding begins.

IRCC will only conduct business with compensated representatives who are in good standing with their designated regulatory body. For more information see - Find out if your representative is authorized.

Note: If a representative is being paid or compensated by someone other than you, the representative is still considered to be a compensated representative.

Authorized representatives are:

  • consultants who are members in good standing of the Immigration Consultants of Canada Regulatory Council (ICCRC);
  • lawyers and paralegals who are members in good standing of a Canadian provincial or territorial law society and students-at-law under their supervision;
  • notaries who are members in good standing of the Chambre des notaires du Québec and students-at-law under their supervision.

If you appoint a compensated representative who is not a member in good standing of one of these designated bodies, your application will be returned. Learn about using a representative.

General Application Information

Appoint a representative
  • Check box to indicate if you are appointing a representative to represent you with your application process. Complete sections A, B and D.
Cancel a representative
  • Check box to indicate if you are canceling a representative. Complete sections A, C and D; and
  • Check both boxes and complete all sections if you are cancelling a representative and appointing a new one at the same time.

Section A – Applicant Information

Question 1

Write your last name (surname or family name) and given name(s).

Question 2

Write your date of birth.

Question 3
If you have already submitted your application, write:
  • the name of the office where the application was submitted; and
  • the type of application you have submitted.
Question 4

Write your IRCC’s Identification (ID) or Unique Client Identifier (UCI) number (if known). If you have not dealt with IRCC since 1973, you will not have a UCI or a Client ID.

Section B – Appointment of Representative

Question 5

Write your representative’s full name.

If your representative is a member of the Immigration Consultants of Canada Regulatory Council (ICCRC), a law society or the Chambre des notaires du Québec, print his or her name as it appears on the organization’s membership list.

Question 6

Check one box to indicate if your representative is uncompensated or compensated.

If your representative is compensated, write the membership ID number of:
  • the Immigration Consultants of Canada Regulatory Council (ICCRC); or
  • a Canadian provincial or territorial law society; or
  • the Chambre des notaires du Québec.
Question 7

Write your representative’s contact information.

If you are appointing a student-at-law to represent you, include their supervising lawyer’s information including their membership ID.

Note: By indicating your representative’s e-mail address, you are hereby authorizing IRCC to transmit your file and personal information to this specific e-mail address.

Question 8

To accept responsibility for conducting business on your behalf, your representative must:

  • sign the declaration; and
  • date the declaration.

Section C – Cancel the Appointment of a Representative

Question 9

Fill in this section if you wish to cancel the appointment of a representative. Write the representative’s full name.

Complete all sections of the form if you wish to both cancel a representative and appoint a new one.

Section D – Your Declaration

Question 10

By signing, you authorize IRCC to complete your request for yourself and your dependent children under 18 years of age.

For sponsorship application, your spouse or common-law partner does not have to complete a separate request. If your spouse or common-law partner is included in this request, he or she must sign in the box provided.

Release of information to other individuals

To authorize IRCC to release information from your case file to someone other than a representative, you will need to complete the form Authority to Release Personal Information to a Designated Individual (IMM 5475). The form is also available from Canadian embassies, high commissions and consulates abroad.

The person you designate under that form (IMM 5475) will be able to obtain information on your case file, such as the status of your application. However, they will not be able to conduct business on your behalf with IRCC.

Where to submit the form

If you have not yet submitted your application:

Send this form along with your application to the office listed in your respective application kit

If you have already submitted your application:

You may use this Web form to upload the IMM 5476.

Or;

If you know which IRCC office is processing your application, send the completed form to the office mailing address. Consult IRCC office mailing addresses.

Notify IRCC about any changes

You must let IRCC know if any information changes regarding the person you authorized to represent you on your application.

If your application was already submitted, use this Web form and upload the IMM 5476.


Step 3. Submit the Application

Where do I apply?

Mail your completed application in a stamped envelope to the visa office that serves the geographic area where you reside

Affix sufficient postage (top right of the envelope)
Sender (top left of the envelope)
(Your name)
(Your Address)
(Your Postal Code)
Recipient (centre of the envelope)
Recipient (centre of the envelope)
Visa office mailing addresses
are listed in Appendix A.

Note: If you are being sponsored by a private group in Canada, the sponsoring group may ask you to send your completed application to them in order to speed up the process. Your private sponsor can then review your application to ensure it is complete and consistent with the information they have on their sponsorship undertaking and submit it to Citizenship and Immigration Canada. The application must be signed by you only.


Submit the document checklist

Make sure you use and submit the Document Checklist (IMM 5679) along with your application forms and supporting documents.



Note

Sign the form

The application must be signed and dated before it is submitted.

If you are:

  • 18 years of age or older, sign and date in the boxes provided at the bottom of the page,
  • less than 18 years of age, your form must be signed by one of your parents or legal guardian.

Note: If your application is not signed and dated, it will be returned to you.


Submit the application form

When submitting your application, to ensure your encoded data is captured, you must include the last page or pages which contain your unique barcodes. See the image below:

Sample Barcodes

Note: This page is only available when you complete your application electronically (on a computer).


What Happens Next

The application process

Applicants for resettlement to Canada must meet eligibility and admissibility criteria. The table below represents the phases of the assessment and processing:

Phase: Completion check

Once you have submitted your application, CIC will check to determine that:

  • all required application forms have been properly completed and submitted and
  • all requested supporting documentation has been provided.

When we begin processing your completed application, you will be assigned a case file number.

A Letter of Confirmation will inform you of your case file number. Be sure to include your case file number in any correspondence with the visa office.

Phase: Eligibility criteria

You are eligible when you meet the definition of a Convention Refugee Abroad or qualify as a member of the Country of Asylum or Source Country Classes as explained above.

In addition to deciding if you meet the refugee definitions, we may assess your ability to resettle successfully in Canada. In making this assessment, we will consider, for you and your family members included in your application:

  • whether you have relatives or a sponsor in the community where you intend to live in Canada
  • your ability to speak or learn to speak English and/or French
  • your potential for employment based on your education, skills and work experience and
  • your resourcefulness and other similar characteristics that will help you adapt to life in Canada.

Phase: Admissibility criteria

You are admissible when you pass:

  • medical exam
  • security checks and
  • criminality checks.

If you are selected for possible immigration to Canada, you, your spouse or common-law partner, and each of your dependent children will be required to have a medical exam by a doctor chosen by the visa office. The doctor will advise you of the tests required.

Before an immigrant visa is issued, the Canadian government conducts background and security checks for all applicants who wish to immigrate to Canada. This includes checks into any past criminal behaviour. Background checks are conducted in all countries where an applicant has lived. However, we will not contact organizations or individuals if it puts you or your family in danger.

Note: If you plan to live in the province of Quebec, you will need to obtain a Certificat de Sélection du Québec. Our officers will provide you with more information about this process.


Interview

We will review your application and decide if an interview is necessary. If so, you will be informed of the time and place. You, your spouse or common-law partner and any dependent children may be asked to attend.

At the interview, you will likely be asked questions about:

  • why you consider yourself to be a refugee and the circumstances that caused you to fear persecution
  • relationship to your family member
  • past or current difficulties with the law
  • your work experience,
  • education
  • financial situation
  • spoken languages

Bring to the interview any documentation that may assist us in establishing your identity, the relationship of your family members, and your refugee claim.

If needed, the visa office may provide an interpreter to help you during the interview. If the visa office does not have an interpreter available who can speak your language, you will be asked to bring an interpreter with you to the interview.


Factors that can facilitate processing

There are certain things you can do to help ensure that your application is processed as fast as possible:

  • ensure that all the documentation and information requested is provided with your application
  • tell us if your contact information changes, including:
    • mailing address
    • telephone numbers
    • facsimile number (fax)
    • e-mail address

Factors that may delay processing

The following factors may delay the processing of your application:

  • missing signature on application forms
  • unclear photocopies of documents
  • documents not accompanied by a certified English or French translation
  • verification of information and documents provided
  • a medical condition that may require additional tests or consultations
  • a criminal or security problem
  • consultation is required with other offices in Canada and abroad


Renseignements importants

Update your information

If following the submission of your application, there are any changes to your family status such as marriage, divorce, births, deaths, your address, or telephone/fax number, or other important information, you must advise the visa office immediately, by mail or facsimile.

When advising the office of such changes, clearly state your case file number, which will be found at the top of the letter acknowledging the receipt of your application.



For more information

Current processing times

Processing time can change. You can obtain current processing times on the Check application processing times webpage.


Protecting your information

Your personal information is:

  • available to CIC and the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) employees who need to see it in order to provide the services to you, and
  • not disclosed to other organizations except as permitted under the provisions of the Privacy Act or the Citizenship Regulations.

For more information. You can obtain additional information on the protection of your data by visiting the Help Centre.


Quality Assurance Program

Our quality assurance program randomly selects applications for a special review. If selected you will be asked to attend an interview with a Citizenship and Immigration official so that we can:

  • verify the documentation and any other information you submitted is accurate,
  • verify that your application has been completed properly.

Note: You will be notified in writing should your application be selected.


Online services

For more information on the programs offered by Citizenship and Immigration Canada, visit Immigration and Citizenship.


Need help?

If you need help, you can find answers to your questions by consulting the Help Centre.


Appendix A – Mailing Addresses

If you are being sponsored by a private group in Canada, the sponsoring group may ask you to send your completed application to them in order to speed up the process. Your private sponsor can then review your application and submit it to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada. The application must be signed by you only.

You may submit your application to Canadian missions at the addresses below.

See a complete list of Canadian embassies and consulates.


Africa and the Middle East

  • Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
    Canadian High Commission
    Immigration Section
    P.O. Box 6970
    Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

  • Accra, Ghana
    Canadian High Commission
    Immigration Section
    P.O. Box 1639
    Accra, Ghana
  • Amman, Jordan
    The Canadian Embassy
    Immigration Section
    P.O. Box 815403
    Amman 11180, Jordan

    Beirut, Lebanon
    The Canadian Embassy
    Immigration Section
    P.O. Box 60163, Jal El Dib
    Beirut, Lebanon

    Cairo, Egypt
    The Canadian Embassy
    Immigration Section
    Nile City Towers, 2005 (A) Corniche El Nile
    South Tower, 18th Floor
    Cairo 11221, Egypt

    Dakar, Senegal
    The Canadian Embassy
    Immigration Section
    P.O. Box 3373
    Dakar, Senegal

    Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Canadian High Commission
    Immigration Section
    B.O. Box 1022
    Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • Nairobi, Kenya
    Canadian High Commission
    Immigration Section
    B.P. 1013
    00621 - Nairobi, Kenya
  • Pretoria, South Africa
    Canadian High Commission
    Visa Section
    Private Bag X13, Hatfield 0028
    Pretoria, South Africa
  • Tel Aviv, Israel
    The Canadian Embassy
    Immigration Section

    P.O. Box 9442
    Tel Aviv
    61093, Israel


Western Hemisphere

  • Bogota, Colombia
    The Canadian Embassy
    Immigration Section
    P.O. Box 110067
    Bogota, Colombia
  • Guatemala City, Guatemala
    The Canadian Embassy
    Immigration Section
    P.O. Box 400
    Guatemala City, Guatemala
  • Havana, Cuba
    The Canadian Embassy
    Immigration Section
    Calle 30, No. 518 esquina a 7ma
    Miramar
    Havana, Cuba

  • Mexico City, Mexico
    The Canadian Embassy
    Immigration Section
    P.O. Box 40-045
    06141 Mexico D.F., Mexico


Europe

  • Ankara, Turkey
    The Canadian Embassy
    Immigration Section
    Cinnah Caddesi no. 58
    06690 Cankaya
    Ankara
    Turkey
  • Kyiv, Ukraine
    The Canadian Embassy
    Immigration Section
    P.O. Box 200
    Kyiv, 01901
    Ukraine
  • London, United Kingdom
    Canadian High Commission
    Immigration Section
    Canada House, Trafalgar Square
    London SW1Y 5BJ

  • Moscow, Russia
    The Canadian Embassy
    Immigration Section
    23 Starokonyushenny Pereulok
    Moscow 119002, Russia
  • Paris, France
    The Canadian Embassy
    Immigration Section
    35 Avenue Montaigne
    75008 Paris
    France
  • Rome, Italy
    The Canadian Embassy
    Immigration Section
    Via Zara 30
    Rome 00198, Italy
  • Vienna, Austria
    The Canadian Embassy
    Immigration Section
    Laurenzerberg 2
    Vienna 1010, Austria

Asia

  • Bangkok, Thailand
    The Canadian Embassy
    Immigration Section
    P.O. Box 2090
    Bangkok 10501, Thailand
  • Colombo, Sri Lanka
    The Canadian Embassy
    33A, 5th Lane
    P.O. Box 1006
    Colombo 03, Sri Lanka

  • Hong Kong, China
    Consulate General of Canada
    Immigration Section
    8th Floor 25 Westlands Road, Quarry Bay
    Hong Kong SAR
    China (PRC)

  • Islamabad, Pakistan
    Canadian High Commission
    Visa Section
    P.O. Box 1042
    Islamabad, Pakistan
  • New Delhi, India
    Canadian High Commission
    Immigration Section
    P.O. Box  5207
    New Delhi 110021, India

  • Singapore, Singapore

    Canadian High Commission
    P.O. Box 845
    Singapore  901645, Singapore


Appendix B – Photo specifications

Notes to the applicant

Take this information with you to the photographer

  • Make sure that you provide the correct number of photos specified in the Checklist.
  • You must provide identical and unaltered photographs.
  • Photographs may be in colour or in black and white.
  • Photographs must be original and not altered in any way or taken from an existing photograph.
  • Photographs must reflect your current appearance (taken within the past six (6) months).

Notes to the photographer

The photographs must be:

  • taken by a commercial photographer;
  • 50 mm x 70 mm (2 inches wide x 2 3/4 inches long) and sized so the height of the face measures between 31 mm and 36 mm (1 1/4 inches and 1 7/16 inches) from chin to crown of head (natural top of head);
  • clear, sharp and in focus;
  • taken with a neutral facial expression (eyes open and clearly visible, mouth closed, no smiling);
  • taken with uniform lighting and not show shadows, glare or flash reflections;
  • taken straight on, with face and shoulders centred and squared to the camera (i.e. the photographs must show the full front view of the person’s head and shoulders, showing the full face centered in the middle of the photograph);
  • taken in front of a plain white background with a clear difference between the person’s face and the background. Photographs must reflect and represent natural skin tones.
Image described below

The back of one (1) photograph must:

  • bear the name and date of birth of the subject, as well as the name and complete address of the photography studio;
  • bear the date the photograph was taken;
  • The photographer may use a stamp or handwrite this information. Stick-on labels are unacceptable.

Find out if you are eligible

Come to Canada
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