This application under subsection 5(1) is intended for minors (under 18) who are permanent residents and:
- do not have a parent applying for citizenship at the same time as them, or
- do not already have a Canadian parent.
This application must be made by a person who has custody of the minor or who is empowered to act on their behalf by virtue of a court order or written agreement or by operation of law. The authorized person applying on behalf of the minor does not have to be a Canadian citizen.
Minors who do not have an authorized person to apply on their behalf can request a waiver of this requirement on the application form. If you request a waiver, we will ask for more information.
To be eligible under 5(1), since becoming a permanent resident, the minor must have:
- been physically in Canada for at least 1,460 days in the six years before applying
- been physically in Canada for at least 183 days during any four calendar years that are fully or partially within the six years before applying
- if required to do so, filed income taxes for any four taxation years that are fully or partially within the six years before applying.
Time spent outside Canada toward the time in (1) and (2) above can be counted if the minor meets one of the exceptions.
The application package includes:
- Document Checklist (CIT 0560)
- Application for Canadian Citizenship – Minors (under 18 years of age) applying under subsection 5(1) (CIT 0403)
- Citizenship Photo Specifications
- Residence Outside Canada [Form CIT 0177]
- Use of a Representative [Form IMM 5476]
- Instruction guide
Make sure you download the current version of the forms.
If the minor had any terms and conditions imposed on them when they got permanent resident status and they have not met them, they may not be eligible for citizenship. For example, some new permanent residents must have medical screening after they arrive in Canada.
Before you apply for citizenship, check the documents the minor got when they first became a permanent resident to make sure they met any terms and conditions.
The minor may not be eligible for citizenship if they:
- have a criminal record
- are facing criminal charges in or outside Canada
- have been ordered to leave Canada
- have been refused Canadian citizenship because of misrepresentation
- have had their Canadian citizenship revoked
You can use our calculator to check if the minor has been physically in Canada long enough to be eligible for citizenship. Print the results and attach a copy to the application.
If you are not sure whether the minor has Canadian citizenship or not, see if they may already be a citizen.
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