Land and weather

An enormous landmass

Canada is a huge country. It has a total land area of 9,984,670 square kilometres, making it the second largest country in the world.

The longest distance north to south (on land) is 4,634 km, from the northern tip of Nunavut to the southern tip of Ontario. The longest distance east to west is 5,514 km from the eastern tip of Newfoundland and Labrador to the western tip of the Yukon Territory where it borders with Alaska.

To help you understand Canada’s size, consider this: it takes seven days to drive from Halifax, Nova Scotia to Vancouver, British Columbia. To fly from Halifax to Vancouver takes seven hours. More proof of this country’s size: Canada has six separate time zones—Newfoundland, Atlantic, Eastern, Central, Mountain and Pacific.

Canadian provinces and territories

Canada is made up of 10 provinces and three territories. It can be divided into five regional areas:

The East, also called the Atlantic region, includes the provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.

The Central region includes the provinces of Quebec and Ontario.

The Prairies includes Manitoba, Saskatchewan and some parts of Alberta.

The West includes most of Alberta and British Columbia.

The North is made up of the three territories—Nunavut, Yukon and the Northwest Territories.

Each province and territory has its own capital city where the provincial or territorial government is located.

Home to natural resources

Canada’s forests, its wildlife, protected areas and water are well known around the world. Canada has more than 71,500 known species of plants and wild animals. It contains 20 percent of the world’s remaining wilderness and 10 percent of the world’s forests. Canada has seven percent of the world’s renewable freshwater supply and 25 percent of the world's wetlands. Canada also has the longest coastline in the world.

Date Modified: