Typical features of seasons

A wide range of temperatures

Most Canadians live in the southern parts of the country within 250 km of the United States border. Here is a general idea of what you can expect if you settle in one of these areas.

Spring—March to May

This is the season when the winter snow begins to melt. Often, there is a lot of rain during this period as the days become warmer and longer and the nights remain cool. Plants begin to grow in spring. In most parts of Canada, trees remain bare until April or May. You will need a warm coat and possibly a hat, mittens and boots during this season.

Summer—June to August/September

Temperatures can reach 30 degrees Celsius or higher during summer as the weather becomes hot and dry. Some areas, especially near the Great Lakes in Ontario, experience humid air and thunderstorms. Most regions experience mosquitoes in late spring or early summer. In many areas, especially rural ones, black fly season begins during same period and lasts a few weeks. Make sure you arrive with clothing for warm weather. But also have a coat or sweater on hand for cooler days.

Autumn—September to November

In autumn, days become noticeably shorter and the first frosts appear. Leaves in many parts of the country turn from green to red, yellow and brown before they fall from the trees. The weather during autumn can be rainy or dry; this is an unpredictable time of year. You can expect the first snows in November, but sometimes they come earlier. You will need a coat, mittens, hat and boots as the end of autumn arrives.

Winter—December to February or later

You must dress warmly to protect yourself from the cold when you are outside in winter. You will need a warm coat, mittens, hat and boots most days.

You could see snow as early as October and as late as April in some areas, with daytime temperatures below 0 degrees Celsius from December to mid-March and very cold nights. Winds can make temperatures feel even colder. This is known as the wind-chill factor. The east and west coasts have milder winters with warmer temperatures and rainy weather.

As you travel farther north in Canada, it will be colder and the days will be shorter in winter.

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