How to show proof of Canadian citizenship for adult passport applications

You must provide proof of Canadian citizenship with your passport application. If you don’t, we may reject your application. You don’t need to provide proof if you are eligible to renew your passport.

If you were born in Canada, proof may be:

  • a birth certificate
    • can be either long form or short form
    • issued by the province or territory where you were born
  • certificate of citizenship
    • issued by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC)

If you were born outside of Canada, proof may be a document IRCC issued, such as a:

  • Certificate of citizenship
  • Certificate of naturalization
  • Certificate of registration of birth abroad
  • Certificate of retention of Canadian citizenship

Contact us to apply for a citizenship certificate.

Tell us in section 4 of the application form if you gained citizenship of another country before January 1, 1947.

Canadian birth certificates

Contact the vital statistics office in the province or territory where you were born to ask for a birth certificate.

Certain provinces have different documents that we also accept as proof of Canadian citizenship, such as:

  • British Columbia: Documentary Evidence of Citizenship (DEC) includes the Certified True Copy of a Registration Document and Registration of Live Birth, which are issued:
    • by the province of British Columbia
    • in cases where the name of the bearer is more than 30 characters for the surname or 30 characters for the given names
  • New Brunswick: a certified extract of a registration document is issued:
    • by the Province of New Brunswick
    • in cases where the name of the bearer is more than 39 characters for the surname(s) and 30 characters for the given name(s)
  • Northwest Territories: a Registration of Birth, Certificate of Registration of Birth, or Registration of Live Birth is issued:
    • by the Northwest Territories
    • in cases where the surname(s) and given name(s) of the bearer is more than a total of 58 characters
  • Nova Scotia: a certified photocopy of Live Birth Registration is issued:
    • by the Province of Nova Scotia
    • in cases where the name of the bearer is more than 30 characters for the surname(s) and 38 characters for the given name(s)
  • Ontario: a certified copy of birth registration issued by the Province of Ontario
  • Quebec: a birth certificate or a copy of an act of birth issued after January 1, 1994, by the Directeur de l'état civil of Quebec
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