All Canadian children, from newborn to age 16, require their own passport to travel. The Passport Program requires extra documents to submit with your child’s passport application.
Proof of your child’s Canadian citizenship
You must submit proof of your child’s Canadian citizenship.
If your child was born in Canada, provide one of the following:
- A birth certificate issued by the province or territory where you were born
- Certificate of citizenship issued by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC)
If your child was born outside of Canada, provide one of the following documents issued by IRCC:
- Citizenship certificate
- Certificate of registration of birth abroad
Contact us to apply for a citizenship certificate.
Canadian birth certificates
Contact the vital statistics office in the province or territory where your child was born to request a birth certificate.
Certain provinces have different documents that we also accept as proof of Canadian citizenship. They are:
- British Columbia—a “Certified True Copy of a Registration Document” – “Registration of Live Birth” issued by the province of British Columbia may be accepted as a Documentary Evidence of Citizenship (DEC) in cases where the name of the bearer exceeds 30 characters for the surname or 30 characters for the given names.
- New Brunswick—a certified extract of a registration document issued by the Province of New Brunswick in cases where the name of the bearer exceeds 39 characters for the surname(s) and 30 characters for the given name(s).
- Northwest Territories—a Registration of Birth, a Certificate of Registration of Birth, or a Registration of Live Birth issued by the Northwest Territories in cases where the surname(s) and given name(s) of the bearer exceed a total of 58 characters.
- Nova Scotia—a certified photocopy of Live Birth Registration issued by the Province of Nova Scotia in cases where the name of the bearer exceeds 30 characters for the surname(s) and 38 characters for the given name(s).
- Ontario—a certified copy of birth registration issued by the Province of Ontario.
- Quebec—only a birth certificate or a copy of an act of birth issued by the Directeur de l'état civil of Quebec or a certificate of Canadian citizenship are accepted as proof of Canadian citizenship.
Proof of parentage
You must provide proof of parentage to confirm the parent-child relationship.
To show proof of parentage, submit one of the following:
- A detailed (long-form) birth certificate issued by a Canadian provincial or territorial vital statistics office that indicates the name of the parent(s) This document is also accepted as proof of Canadian Citizenship;
- If born in Ontario, a certified copy of birth registration is also acceptable.
- If born in Quebec, a copy of an act of birth is also acceptable.
- A court-issued adoption order indicating the name of the adoptive parent(s).
- A foreign birth certificate that indicates the name of the parent(s).
If a Canadian passport or travel document has been previously issued to the child, and it’s the same parents who are applying for the new passport, proof of parentage is not required. Proof of citizenship is still required. You may submit a wallet-sized birth certificate instead of the long form birth certificate in this case.
Proof of custody, separation or divorce
Both parents must participate in the passport application for their child, and both parents must sign the form. The Passport Program may contact the other parent during the application process.
When a legal guardian is applying for a child, all other legal guardians also need to participate in the child’s passport application. Proof of legal guardianship is required.
When a court order or agreement exists referring to custody of the child, only the person with custodial rights may apply. All documents that refer to custody or mobility of, or access to, the child must be provided. If a divorce has been granted, a copy of the divorce judgment or order must also be provided. If parents have joint custody, either parent may apply.
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