Travel information

Travelling in general

Does my passport need to be valid for at least six months before I enter a country I want to visit?

All countries have their own entry requirements. Read the travel advisories to view the entry and exit requirements of each country.

Since these requirements can change, you may also check with the Government of Canada office of the country you visit.

What if my passport expires while I am outside Canada?

You shouldn’t travel with a passport that will expire during your trip or shortly after your planned return. To avoid problems while travelling, you should get a new passport before leaving if your passport could expire around or during your travels.

Some countries won’t allow you to enter if your passport expires shortly after your planned return date. To find out more about entry and exit requirements, consult the:

Can I travel with a criminal record?

All countries have their own entry requirements. Read the travel advisories to view the entry and exit requirements for each country.

Since these requirements can change, you should also check with the Government of Canada office of the country you will be visiting.

Do I need a visa to enter another country?

All countries have their own entry requirements. Read the travel advisories to view the entry and exit requirements of each country.

Since these requirements can change, you should also check with the Government of Canada office of the country you will be visiting.

Countries that require an entry visa will need you to submit your Canadian passport to their embassy or consulate in Canada so that they can issue the visa to you. If you send your passport to a foreign government's embassy or consulate, be sure to:

  • use secure, traceable mail or courier services
  • enclose a stamped, self-addressed return envelope

You should not send Canadian passports across international borders.

Can I travel with my Canadian Citizenship Certificate?

No. A Canadian Citizenship Certificate isn’t a travel document.

A passport is the only reliable and universally accepted travel and identification document.

Canadian citizens returning to Canada may face delays or be denied boarding by transport companies if, instead of a Canadian passport, they present documents such as:

  • Canadian Citizenship Certificates
  • birth certificates
  • provincial driver's licenses
  • foreign passports
Will I have problems if I travel with my current passport, but my other documents are in my married or common-law name?

You should make all travel arrangements in the name on your passport.

If the names don't match, you may have problems at border crossings or when boarding flights.

Check with the authorities in the destination country to find out if you need any other documents.

Travelling in North America

Do I need a passport to travel to the United States?

For information on travel documents you need to travel to, from or through the United States, visit the Canada Border Services Agency or the Global Affairs Canada websites.

If I enter the United States by land without a passport, do I need a passport to board a domestic flight within the US?

For information on travel document requirements for domestic flights within the United States, visit the U.S. Transportation Security Administration website.

Does my passport need to be valid for a specified length of time before I enter the United States?

American authorities state that as a Canadian, your passport must be valid until the date you expect to leave the United States. The authorities of the United States decide these entry requirements. They are subject to change at any time. For up-to-date information you may:

  • check with the Embassy of the United States of America and its consulates
  • talk with your airline carrier to get its identification requirements

Visit travel.gc.ca for more information about travelling to the United States.

What are the requirements to enter Canada?

For Canada's entry requirements, visit the Canada Border Services Agency website.

Travelling with children

Does my child need a consent letter if they aren’t travelling with a parent?

We strongly recommend that your child carry a consent letter if they’re travelling abroad:

  • alone
  • with:
    • a group
    • friends or relatives
    • only one parent/guardian

For the purposes of the consent letter, a Canadian child is defined as anyone who is under the age of majority (18 or 19, depending on the province or territory of residence).

Learn more about children travelling abroad and get a sample consent letter at Travel.gc.ca.

Do children need their own passport to travel?

Yes, all children who travel outside Canada (alone or with an adult), including babies, need their own passport.

This increases the protection of children by making sure that they have a valid travel document with a photo and other identifying information.

Visit Passports for children for more information.

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