Asylum Claims

Key figures on asylum claims made in Canada

Individuals can make an asylum claim in Canada at a port of entry, at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) inland office or an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) inland office. CBSA or IRCC officials will then determine if an individual is eligible to make an asylum claim.

If the claim is determined to be eligible, it will be referred to the Refugee Protection Division of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) for a hearing. In making its decisions, the IRB considers whether the claimant meets the United Nations (UN) definition of a Convention refugee, which has been adopted into Canadian law, or is a person in need of protection. Under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, every person who wants to enter Canada must appear for an examination at a port of entry in order for government officials to determine whether that person has a right to enter Canada, or if the individual may become authorized to enter and remain in Canada.

The CBSA and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) play a key role in protecting Canada’s border. They deter and intercept illegal entry to Canada and keep Canadians safe. CBSA, the RCMP and their domestic and international partners work together to intercept individuals who enter Canada illegally. No enforcement actions are taken against people seeking asylum as per section 133 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. The RCMP is responsible for border security in between ports of entry. The CBSA is responsible for border security at ports of entry and inland.

IRCC’s role in this process is to develop and implement policies, programs and services that facilitate the legitimate arrival of people and their integration into Canada in a way that maximizes their contribution to the country, while protecting the health, safety and security of Canadians.

Learn more about asylum claims made in Canada.

*All data provided below is preliminary and subject to change. Updates will be provided on a monthly basis.

Asylum Claims and Interceptions

Monthly Report - Calendar Year 2017

RCMP Interceptions
Provinces January February Total
New Brunswick 0 0 0
Quebec 245 432 677
Ontario 0 0 0
Manitoba 19 142 161
Saskatchewan 5 0 5
Alberta 0 0 0
British Columbia 207 84 291
Total - RCMP 476 658 1,134

The number of “RCMP interceptions” refers to asylum seekers apprehended between the ports of entry and does not reflect other illegal border crossings. These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made.

Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - February 2017
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Total
Air Ports of Entry
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0
Quebec 40 45 90
Ontario 215 180 400
Manitoba 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0
Alberta 5 -- 5
British Columbia 25 10 35
Northwest Territories 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0
Total - Air Ports of Entry 285 240 525
Land Ports of Entry
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0
New Brunswick -- 0 --
Quebec 445 640 1,085
Ontario 445 460 905
Manitoba -- 75 80
Saskatchewan -- 0 --
Alberta 15 25 35
British Columbia 10 20 35
Northwest Territories 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0
Total - Land Ports of Entry 920 1,225 2,145
Marine Ports of Entry
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0
Quebec 0 0 0
Ontario 0 0 0
Manitoba 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0
British Columbia 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0
Total - Marine Ports of Entry 0 0 0
Ports of Entry
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0
New Brunswick -- 0 --
Quebec 490 685 1,175
Ontario 660 645 1,305
Manitoba -- 75 80
Saskatchewan -- 0 --
Alberta 20 25 45
British Columbia 35 35 65
Northwest Territories 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0
Total - Ports of Entry 1,205 1,465 2,670
Inland Offices
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0
Quebec 10 15 30
Ontario 20 20 40
Manitoba 20 75 90
Saskatchewan 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0
British Columbia 45 45 90
Northwest Territories 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0
Total - Inland Offices 95 160 255
Total - CBSA Land, Air and Marine port of entry and Inland Offices 1,300 1,625 2,925

These statistics include asylum claimants intercepted by the RCMP and brought to a CBSA designated port of entry or inland office, and do not include asylum claims made at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada offices. Figures may vary slightly depending on the date when the claim was received.

Due to privacy considerations, the figures in this table have been subjected to rounding. Under this method, all figures in the table are rounded either up or down to multiples of *5* and all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. As a result of this rounding, data may not add up to the totals indicated.

Asylum Claimants processed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), January - February 2017
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 -- --
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0
Nova Scotia -- -- --
New Brunswick -- 0 --
Quebec 270 255 525
Ontario 885 900 1,785
Manitoba 15 10 25
Saskatchewan -- 0 --
Alberta 110 45 155
British Columbia 50 40 95
Northwest Territories 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0
Total - IRCC 1,335 1,260 2,595

Due to privacy considerations, the figures in this table have been subjected to rounding. Under this method, all figures in the table are rounded either up or down to multiples of *5* and all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. As a result of this rounding, data may not add up to the totals indicated.

National Total of Asylum Claimants processed by the CBSA and IRCC, January - February 2017
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 -- --
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0
Nova Scotia -- -- --
New Brunswick -- 0 --
Quebec 770 960 1,730
Ontario 1,565 1,565 3,130
Manitoba 35 160 195
Saskatchewan -- 0 --
Alberta 130 70 200
British Columbia 130 120 250
Northwest Territories 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0
Total - CBSA & IRCC 2,635 2,885 5,520

Due to privacy considerations, the figures in this table have been subjected to rounding. Under this method, all figures in the table are rounded either up or down to multiples of *5* and all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. As a result of this rounding, data may not add up to the totals indicated.

Historical Data

Date Modified: