Asylum Claims

Given the number of border interceptions currently being processed, there is a delay in asylum claims application information appearing in our system. As determinations are made that persons crossing the border are eligible to make an asylum claim, that information is entered into our system and is reflected in the asylum claims data that is published monthly to our website. Applications information is backdated, as appropriate, as it is entered into the system.

Therefore, the data posted to the IRCC website is considered preliminary and subject to change. Updated data for previous months is published to our website on a monthly basis as it becomes available and according to the monthly data release schedule.

Key figures on asylum claims made in Canada

Individuals can make an asylum claim in Canada at a port of entry, at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) inland office or an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) inland office. CBSA or IRCC officials will then determine if an individual is eligible to make an asylum claim.

If the claim is determined to be eligible, it will be referred to the Refugee Protection Division of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) for a hearing. In making its decisions, the IRB considers whether the claimant meets the United Nations (UN) definition of a Convention refugee, which has been adopted into Canadian law, or is a person in need of protection. Under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, every person who wants to enter Canada must appear for an examination at a port of entry in order for government officials to determine whether that person has a right to enter Canada, or if the individual may become authorized to enter and remain in Canada.

The CBSA and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) play a key role in protecting Canada’s border. They deter and intercept illegal entry to Canada and keep Canadians safe. CBSA, the RCMP and their domestic and international partners work together to intercept individuals who enter Canada illegally. No enforcement actions are taken against people seeking asylum as per section 133 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. The RCMP is responsible for border security in between ports of entry. The CBSA is responsible for border security at ports of entry and inland.

IRCC’s role in this process is to develop and implement policies, programs and services that facilitate the legitimate arrival of people and their integration into Canada in a way that maximizes their contribution to the country, while protecting the health, safety and security of Canadians.

Backgrounder: Claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?

Refugee protection claims statistics (Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada)

*All data provided below is preliminary and subject to change. Updates will be provided on a monthly basis.

Asylum Claims and Interceptions

Monthly Report - Calendar Year 2017

RCMP Interceptions
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Total
New Brunswick 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
Quebec 245 452 644 672 576 781 2,996 6,366
Ontario 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Manitoba 19 142 170 146 106 63 88 734
Saskatchewan 5 0 0 9 0 0 0 14
Alberta 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 2
British Columbia 46Footnote * 84 71 32 60 39 51 383
Total - RCMP 315 678 887 859 742 884 3,135 7,500

The number of “RCMP interceptions” refers to asylum seekers apprehended between the ports of entry and does not reflect other illegal border crossings. These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made.

Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - July 2017

Air Ports of Entry
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 5 0 -- 5
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 --
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 40 45 50 40 75 70 85 410
Ontario 215 185 145 170 180 135 165 1,200
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 5 -- -- 15 -- -- 10 40
British Columbia 20 10 20 15 15 25 20 125
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Air Ports of Entry 285 245 220 235 280 235 280 1,780
Land Ports of Entry
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick -- 0 0 -- 0 -- -- 5
Quebec 445 635 790 535 275 275 355 3,315
Ontario 435 450 560 510 510 450 420 3,340
Manitoba -- 15 30 40 35 20 20 165
Saskatchewan -- 0 -- 10 0 -- 0 15
Alberta 15 25 25 10 10 30 20 130
British Columbia 10 20 40 35 20 5 30 170
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Land Ports of Entry 915 1,145 1,445 1,150 850 785 845 7,135
Marine Ports of Entry
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 --
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 0 0 0 5 0 0 -- 10
Ontario 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
British Columbia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Marine Ports of Entry 0 0 0 5 0 0 -- 10
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 5 0 -- 5
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 -- -- 0 0 --
New Brunswick -- 0 0 -- 0 -- -- 5
Quebec 490 680 845 580 350 345 440 3,730
Ontario 655 635 705 680 690 590 580 4,535
Manitoba -- 15 30 40 35 20 20 165
Saskatchewan -- 0 -- 10 0 -- 0 15
Alberta 20 25 25 25 15 30 30 170
British Columbia 35 35 55 50 40 30 50 295
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine) 1,195 1,390 1,665 1,390 1,130 1,025 1,125 8,925
Inland Offices
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 -- -- 0 0 -- 5
Quebec 10 20 45 60 90 110 120 460
Ontario 20 20 30 25 10 15 15 135
Manitoba 20 135 55 120 95 50 55 525
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- --
British Columbia 45 80 75 55 75 45 55 430
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Inland Offices 100 255 205 265 270 225 245 1,560
Summary of Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - July 2017
CBSA designated ports of entry/inland offices Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Total
Air Ports of Entry 285 245 220 235 280 235 280 1,780
Land Ports of Entry 915 1,145 1,445 1,150 850 785 845 7,135
Marine Ports of Entry 0 0 0 5 0 0 -- 10
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine) 1,195 1,390 1,665 1,390 1,130 1,025 1,125 8,925
Inland Offices 100 255 205 265 270 225 245 1,560
Total - CBSA Land, Air and Marine port of entry and Inland Offices 1,295 1,645 1,870 1,655 1,395 1,250 1,375 10,480

These statistics include asylum claimants intercepted by the RCMP and brought to a CBSA designated port of entry or inland office, and do not include asylum claims made at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada offices. Figures may vary slightly depending on the date when the claim was received.

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Asylum Claimants processed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), January - July 2017

Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 -- 0 -- 0 0 0 5
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia -- -- 0 -- -- 5 5 20
New Brunswick -- 0 -- 5 0 0 -- 10
Quebec 270 260 465 505 635 870 755 3,760
Ontario 885 905 875 780 960 965 820 6,190
Manitoba 15 15 115 20 20 25 30 240
Saskatchewan -- 0 0 0 5 0 0 5
Alberta 110 55 85 60 75 90 70 545
British Columbia 50 40 55 55 55 90 80 425
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 0 -- 0 0 0 0 0 --
Total - IRCC 1,335 1,280 1,600 1,435 1,755 2,040 1,765 11,210

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Total Asylum Claimants processed by the CBSA and IRCC, January - July 2017

Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 -- 0 -- 5 0 -- 15
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia -- -- 0 5 5 5 5 25
New Brunswick -- 0 -- 10 0 -- 10 20
Quebec 770 960 1,355 1,150 1,075 1,325 1,315 7,950
Ontario 1,560 1,565 1,610 1,485 1,660 1,570 1,415 10,865
Manitoba 35 160 195 185 150 100 105 930
Saskatchewan -- 0 -- 10 5 -- 0 20
Alberta 130 80 115 85 90 120 100 720
British Columbia 130 155 190 160 165 165 185 1,150
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 0 -- 0 0 0 0 0 --
Total - CBSA & IRCC 2,630 2,925 3,470 3,090 3,155 3,290 3,140 21,695

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Historical Data

Date Modified: