Know your rights – Refugees

You have certain rights and may have access to Canadian services while your claim for refugee protection is being considered. The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms protects all people in Canada.

When you first make your claim at a port of entry in Canada, you will be asked to fill out a personal information form for the Immigration and Refugee Board and to undergo a medical examination.


In some cases, you may be able to apply for employment authorization to work while you are waiting for a decision on your claim. Usually, only people who cannot live without public assistance are usually eligible for employment authorization.


You can also apply for student authorization to attend school while you are waiting for a decision on your claim. If you have minor children, they will automatically be eligible to attend school when you arrive in Canada.

Related links

Protecting Canada’s Immigration System

What kinds of fraud should newcomers watch out for?

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