Designated countries of origin

Most Canadians recognize that there are places in the world where it is less likely for a person to be persecuted compared to other areas. Yet many people from these places try to claim asylum in Canada, but are later found not to need protection.

Too much time and too many resources are spent reviewing these unfounded claims.

Designated countries of origin (DCO) will include countries that do not normally produce refugees, but do respect human rights and offer state protection.

The aim of the DCO policy is to deter abuse of the refugee system by people who come from countries generally considered safe. Refugee claimants from DCOs will have their claims processed faster. This will ensure that people in need get protection fast, while those with unfounded claims are sent home quickly through expedited processing.

Hearings on these claims are expected to be held within 30 – 45 days after referral of the claim to the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) as opposed to the 60-day timeframe for other refugee claimants. Failed DCO claimants will not have access to the Refugee Appeal Division, and will not be able to apply for a work permit upon arrival in Canada.

Every eligible refugee claimant, including those from a designated country of origin, will continue to receive a hearing at the IRB.

The following countries have been designated:

Country
Effective date
Australia
February 15, 2013
Austria
December 15, 2012
Belgium
December 15, 2012
Chile
May 31, 2013
Croatia
December 15, 2012
Cyprus
December 15, 2012
Czech Republic
December 15, 2012
Denmark
December 15, 2012
Estonia
December 15, 2012
Finland
December 15, 2012
France
December 15, 2012
Germany
December 15, 2012
Greece
December 15, 2012
Hungary
December 15, 2012
Iceland
February 15, 2013
Ireland
December 15, 2012
Israel (excludes Gaza and the West Bank)
February 15, 2013
 
Italy
December 15, 2012
Japan
February 15, 2013
Latvia
December 15, 2012
Lithuania
December 15, 2012
Luxembourg
December 15, 2012
Malta
December 15, 2012
Mexico
February 15, 2013
Netherlands
December 15, 2012
New Zealand
February 15, 2013
Norway
February 15, 2013
Poland
December 15, 2012
Portugal
December 15, 2012
Slovak Republic
December 15, 2012
Slovenia
December 15, 2012
South Korea
May 31, 2013
Spain
December 15, 2012
Sweden
December 15, 2012
Switzerland
February 15, 2013
United Kingdom
December 15, 2012
United States of America
December 15, 2012
 

Ministerial Orders

 
 
 
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