On June 28, 2012, the Protecting Canada’s Immigration System Act (Bill C-31) received Royal Assent. This legislation:
- Brings further reforms to the asylum system,
- Adds measures to address human smuggling, and
- Adds the requirement to include biometric data as part of a temporary resident visa, work permit, and study permit application.
Canada’s new asylum system
Changes to Canada’s asylum system came into effect on December 15, 2012.
Under the Balanced Refugee Reform Act and the Protecting Canada’s Immigration System Act, all eligible asylum claimants will still get a fair oral hearing before the independent Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada.
Changes to the Asylum System
- Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada changes
- Refugee Appeal Division
- Designated countries of origin
- Identifying unfounded claims
- Timely removals of failed claimants
- Limits on pre-removal risk assessments and applications for humanitarian and compassionate consideration
- the new Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) pilot program