Express Entry

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Employer Outreach Presentation - 2015


Express Entry is now the first step to immigrate to Canada permanently as a skilled worker under the:

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP);
  • Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP);
  • Canadian Experience Class (CEC); and
  • A portion of the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)

Express Entry is not a new program. Criteria for existing programs continue to apply

Express Entry changes how Canada selects skilled immigrants

Moving from…

Welcome to Canada
  • First applicant in, first to be processed
  • Could not prioritize high quality candidates
  • Lengthy processing times
  • Limited ways to control application intake resulting in growth of backlogs
  • Inadequate alignment between economic policy objectives and program intake
  • Paper based application

…to Express Entry

ITA: Invitation to apply
  • CIC selects candidates that are most likely to succeed in Canada
  • Processing times of six months or lessFootnote 1
  • Job Bank connects Canadian employers with Express Entry candidates if they can’t find Canadians or permanent residents to do the job
  • Express Entry candidates with a valid job offer or provincial/territorial (P/T) nomination are quickly invited to apply
  • Fully electronic application process

Two-Step Application Process for Candidates

Image described below
Text version: The New Two-Step Application Process
  • Step 1:
    1. Create your Express Entry profile
    2. Register with Job Bank and promote yourself
    3. Be accepted into the Express Entry Pool
  • Step 2:
    1. Receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA)
    2. Apply for permanent residence online

Step 1: Express Entry Profile

  • Potential candidates submit an online Express Entry profile
  • Candidates who meet the criteria of one of the federal economic immigration programs included in Express Entry are accepted into the Express Entry pool
  • Candidates are awarded points according to a skill-based Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) that considers:
    • Language proficiency (language testing required)
    • Education (education credential assessment may be required)
    • Canadian work experience
    • Other factors that lead to success in Canada (e.g. provincial/territorial trade certificate)
  • Candidates are required to register with Job BankFootnote 2 and are encouraged to: signal their presence in the Express Entry pool to recruiters and on private sector job boards, participate in job fairs, contact Canadian employers directly, etc.

Express Entry Pool

  • All candidates in the Express Entry pool are assigned a score according to their skills, education and experience
  • Candidate profiles can remain in the pool for up to 1 year
    • At the one year mark, candidates will be asked if they would like to resubmit their profiles
    • Candidates must update their profiles any time their circumstances change, as this may change their score
  • Candidates in the pool are ranked against others in the pool according to their Comprehensive Ranking System score
  • On a regular basis, CIC invites the highest-ranking candidates in the pool to submit a permanent resident application

Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)

  • The CRS:
    • Uses a transparent, public and objective methodology to determine whether an Express Entry candidate is issued an Invitation to Apply
    • Is a scoring mechanism tied to best predictors of economic success
    • Identifies candidates most likely to achieve high employment earnings based on their profile (age, education, language skills, Canadian work experience) and/or a job offer or provincial/territorial nomination
    • Uses a points scale for each factor weighted to best reflect evidence on earnings outcomes
  • The highest scoring Express Entry candidates are invited to apply regardless of when they entered the Express Entry pool, instead of being processed on a first-come, first-served basis

CRS – Structure – Four Components

  1. A core set of human capital factors that drive economic outcomes:
    • Age
    • Level of Education
    • Official Language Proficiency
    • Canadian Work Experience
  2. Spouse or Common-Law Partner factors
  3. A set of skills transferability or interaction factors that amplify the core set E.g. Canadian + foreign work experience
  4. Additional points for those with a P/T nomination and/or valid job offer.

CRS – Structure described below

Text version: The CRS Structure
If you do not have a spouse or common-law partner…
Components Points
1. Education and experience factors 500
2. Spouse or common-law partner factors N/A
Subtotal (Component 1 + Component 2) 500
3. Transferability factors 100
4. Additional points (job offer or PT nomination) 600
Grand total 1,200
If you have a spouse or common-law partner…
Components Points
1. Education and experience factors 460
2. Spouse or common-law partner factors 40
Subtotal (Component 1 + Component 2) 500
3. Transferability factors 100
4. Additional points (job offer or PT nomination) 600
Grand total 1,200

CRS – Additional Points (600)

Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)

  • Provincial and territorial (P/T) nominee programs continue to exist and may be used to nominate candidates under existing criteria
  • Under Express Entry, P/Ts have space for ‘enhanced’ Express Entry nominations
    • P/Ts can search the Express Entry pool for candidates they may wish to nominate
    • All candidates nominated via an Express Entry PNP stream must meet the minimum entry criteria for Express Entry (including meeting the criteria for one of the three federal economic programs)
    • Candidates with a PNP nomination will provide this information in their Express Entry profile
  • Additional information on P/T nomination programs may be found on P/T websites

CRS – Additional Points (600)

Valid Job Offers

  • Employers unable to fill job vacancies with Canadians or permanent residents may offer a qualifying job to a foreign national
    • “Qualifying” means a permanent job under the FSWP or CEC or a minimum one-year job under the FSTP
  • Employers can find qualified candidates through regular recruitment efforts, or through the Government of Canada’s Job Bank
  • To benefit from the 600 additional points, the job offer must be supported by a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)
    • LMIAs to support permanent residence only have no cost and the processing service standard is 10 business daysFootnote 3
    • Employers may also consider a ‘dual intent’ LMIA ($1,000 fee) if they need to fill a vacancy quickly but intend to retain the worker permanently (10 business daysFootnote 3)
    • Labour Market Opinions (LMOs) or LMIAs issued for a temporary foreign worker may be used in Express Entry to hire the candidate permanently (as long as the work permit is valid)
  • Candidates with a positive LMO/LMIA will provide this information in their Express Entry profile

Step 2: Invitation to Apply (ITA)

Welcome to Canada
  • In each round, ITAs are issued to the highest scoring candidates in the pool
  • Candidates have 60 days to submit their complete electronic application for permanent residence once invited
  • At application, CIC verifies candidate eligibility and admissibility criteria
  • Express Entry candidates benefit from processing times of six months or lessFootnote 1
  • Candidates with a job offerFootnote 4 or a provincial/territorial nomination are given additional points and are invited to apply quickly

Invitation to Apply Mechanics

  • Candidates are invited to apply based on their rank in the pool
    • Candidates are ranked top down from highest CRS score to lowest
    • CIC determines the number of candidates to be invited for the particular round
    • Invitation rounds can be for a specific immigration program (top ranked in that program) or simply the top ranked candidates in the pool overall

Invitation to Apply Timing

  • Rounds occur at a frequency and in numbers that align with the annual Immigration Levels Plan and processing capacity
  • For each round CIC publishes:
    • the date and time of the round,
    • the number of candidates that receive an ITA,
    • the score of the lowest ranked candidate invited in that particular round, and
    • if it applies, which specific immigration program(s) are included in the round
  • Rounds for Invitations to Apply are taking place regularly over the course of a calendar year between 15 to 25 rounds expected in 2015

Recap: Express Entry Highlights

  • User friendly, end-to-end electronic system
  • No occupation lists or caps
  • Faster processing of permanent residence applications
  • Job offers and provincial nominations are an asset, but not a requirement
  • Candidates may be eligible for more than one program
  • Express Entry profile creation is free and the profile can remain active for up to 1 year
  • Candidates now have multiple opportunities to be invited to apply throughout the year

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