Recent Immigrants in Metropolitan Areas: Saskatoon—A Comparative Profile Based on the 2001 Census

Part B: Who Are the Recent Immigrants?

Origin, immigration category and religion

Countries of origin changing

Saskatoon’s immigrants come from all over the world and represent a diversity of cultural and linguistic backgrounds. Over the past several decades there has been a considerable change in the source countries of immigrants. In 2001, for example, there were 3,200 residents of Saskatoon who landed in Canada, between 1996 and 2001. The most common country of birth for these immigrants was China, accounting for 14% of these new residents, followed by the United Kingdom supplying 7%. The top ten countries of birth—China, United Kingdom, Philippines, United States, Iraq, Yugoslavia, South Africa, Ukraine, Taiwan, and Iran—account for 59% of Saskatoon’s very recent immigrant cohort and represent four different continents.

Table B-1: Immigrants by period of immigration—top ten countries of birth, Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 2001
  Share
All immigrants
1 United Kingdom 2,700 16%
2 China, People's Republic of 1,430 8%
3 United States 1,270 8%
4 Philippines 1,000 6%
5 Former U.S.S.R. 920 5%
6 Germany 840 5%
7 Former Yugoslavia 680 4%
8 Poland 570 3%
9 Viet Nam 560 3%
10 India 510 3%
Top ten countries 10,480 62%
All other countries 6,390 38%
Total 16,870 100%
Immigrated before 1986
1 United Kingdom 2,400 24%
2 United States 830 8%
3 Germany 720 7%
4 Former U.S.S.R. 640 6%
5 China, People's Republic of 500 5%
6 Viet Nam 450 4%
7 Philippines 450 4%
8 Poland 440 4%
9 Netherlands 420 4%
10 India 320 3%
Top ten countries 7,170 71%
All other countries 3,080 29%
Total 10,250 100%
Immigrated 1986-1995
1 China, People's Republic of 490 14%
2 Philippines 350 10%
3 United States 250 7%
4 El Salvador 170 5%
5 Poland 130 4%
6 Yugoslavia 120 3%
7 Hong Kong 120 3%
8 Bosnia and Herzegovina 110 3%
9 India 110 3%
10 United Kingdom 100 3%
Top ten countries 1,950 57%
All other countries 1,520 43%
Total 3,470 100%
Immigrated 1996-2001
1 China, People's Republic of 440 14%
2 United Kingdom 210 7%
3 Philippines 210 7%
4 United States 200 6%
5 Iraq 200 6%
6 Yugoslavia 160 5%
7 South Africa 130 4%
8 Ukraine 110 3%
9 Taiwan 110 3%
10 Iran 100 3%
Top ten countries 1,870 59%
All other countries 1,280 41%
Total 3,150 100%

Among Saskatoon’s earlier immigrant cohort—those immigrating to Canada before 1986—the United Kingdom and the United States were the two top countries of birth, accounting for 32% of this group.

In general, the birth origins of Saskatoon’s immigrant population vary in relation to the period of immigration. European birth origins are predominant among those who immigrated in the 1950s, the 1960s and to a lesser extent, the 1970s, and Asian birth origins are predominant among those who immigrated in the 1980s and 1990s.

Saskatoon's share of recent immigrants varies by country of birth

Saskatoon’s share of Canada’s recent immigrants by country of birth is highest for Iraq. Of the 22,300 Iraq-born individuals who immigrated since 1986 and were living in Canada in 2001, 290 or 1.3% were living in Saskatoon. One percent of the country’s Canadian-born population live in Saskatoon as do close to 1% of recent immigrants from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Yugoslavia and South Africa. Overall, 0.3% of all recent immigrants to Canada chose Saskatoon as their place of residence.

Table B-2: Recent immigrants in Canada by country of birth and percentage residing in Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 2001
Country of Birth Total recent immigrants to Canada Share residing in Saskatoon
Iraq 22,300 1.3%
All Canadian-born 23,991,910 0.9%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23,170 0.8%
Yugoslavia 35,860 0.8%
Total population 29,639,000 0.8%
South Africa 19,890 0.7%
United States 73,860 0.6%
El Salvador 29,680 0.6%
Ukraine 25,530 0.6%
Ghana 13,450 0.6%
Germany 22,810 0.5%
Guatemala 10,580 0.5%
Malaysia 12,280 0.5%
United Kingdom 69,660 0.4%
China, People's Republic of 236,930 0.4%
Philippines 161,130 0.3%
All immigrants 5,448,490 0.3%
Mexico 24,640 0.3%
Russian Federation 35,950 0.3%
Somalia 18,220 0.3%
All recent immigrants 2,491,850 0.3%
Iran 61,560 0.2%
Pakistan 64,020 0.2%
France 27,500 0.2%
Taiwan 60,530 0.2%
Korea, South 50,970 0.2%
Romania 43,200 0.2%
Viet Nam 72,330 0.1%
Poland 91,140 0.1%
Sri Lanka 80,080 0.1%

Note: Table B-2 lists all countries that are the place of birth of at least 10,000 recent immigrants living in Canada in 2001, with Saskatoon’s share being 0.1% or more.

Steady flow of skilled workers and government-assisted refugees

Statistics published by Citizenship and Immigration Canada show that the number of immigrants who reported Saskatoon as their destination when they landed in Canada increased by 1,000 between the second half of the 1980s and the first half of the 1990s and decreased by 700 in the second half of the 1990s. The decline was concentrated in the family immigrant class. Almost one-half of the 1996-2000 immigrant cohort destined for Saskatoon entered as economic immigrants and nearly one-third were refugees.

Table B-3: Recent immigrants by period of immigration—landings by immigration category, Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 1986-2000 (number and percentage distribution)
  1986-1990 1991-1995 1996-2000
Family class 1,000 29% 1,300 29% 800 21%
Economic immigrants 1,200 34% 2,000 44% 1,800 47%
Refugees 1,300 37% 1,200 27% 1,200 32%
Other immigrants 20 1% 60 1% 0 0%
Total 3,500 100% 4,500 100% 3,800 100%

Source: Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Facts and Figures, 2002.

Note: The 2001 Census did not ask immigrants about the immigration categories through which they were admitted to Canada. The information in Table B-3 was obtained from records at Citizenship and Immigration Canada, and pertains to the time of landing. The immigration categories are described in the Glossary.

The number of immigrants destined to Saskatoon entering through the family class from 1996 to 2001 declined by almost 40% from the first half of the 1990s. Within the family class, the number of spouses remained unchanged over the 1991-1995 and 1996-2000 five-year periods. The number of other relatives—parents and grandparents, sons and daughters, and fiancés—fell from 800 during the 1991-1995 period to 200 during the 1996-2000 period.

Over the 1986-2000 period, the number of privately-sponsored refugees declined. Only 200 privately-sponsored refugees were destined to Saskatoon when they landed in the second half of the 1990s, a 50% decrease compared to the first half of the 1990s. The number of government-assisted refugees remained relatively constant at about 900 per five-year period.

In each of the three five-year periods, about 1,300 skilled workers and their families entered Canada as economic immigrants destined to Saskatoon. About 100 entrepreneurs and their dependants planned to settle in Saskatoon when they landed in the first half of the 1990s. In the latter half of the decade, there were only 10.

Religions changing with countries of origin

While a majority of very recent immigrants living in Saskatoon are Christians, the shares affiliated with the Muslim faith and those reporting no religious affiliation have increased since the mid-1980s. Almost all Canadian-born are affiliated with Christian denominations or report having no religion.

Table B-4: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—religious affiliation, Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
  Canadian-born Immigrants Immigrated before 1986 Immigrated 1986-1995 Immigrated 1996-2001
Roman Catholic 58,430 4,550 2,690 1,110 760
Protestant 91,610 4,900 3,740 500 600
Orthodox Christian 2,850 580 340 120 150
Other Christian 10,690 740 360 200 170
Muslim 180 800 160 390 250
Buddhist 490 900 560 240 100
Hindu 110 440 280 100 70
Sikh 70 90 70 20 10
Other 2,510 210 110 50 70
No religion 37,500 3,640 1,910 750 980
Total 204,400 16,900 10,300 3,500 3,200
 
Roman Catholic 29% 27% 26% 32% 24%
Protestant 45% 29% 36% 14% 19%
Orthodox Christian 1% 3% 3% 3% 5%
Other Christian 5% 4% 3% 6% 5%
Muslim 0% 5% 2% 11% 8%
Buddhist 0% 5% 5% 7% 3%
Hindu 0% 3% 3% 3% 2%
Sikh 0% 1% 1% 0% 0%
Other 1% 1% 1% 1% 2%
No religion 18% 22% 19% 22% 31%
Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

Note: Religions are listed in order of their share of the population of Canada, from highest to lowest, with Christian religions grouped together.

Catholics and Protestants are relatively more numerous among the Canadian-born and earlier immigrants than among recent immigrants in Saskatoon. Nearly one-half of the Canadian-born are Protestant, with the United Church having the largest following among the major Protestant churches, accounting for 15% of the population group. Only 2% of recent immigrants are affiliated with the United Church.

Age and gender

Nearly one-half of recent immigrants are young adults

The age distribution of the very recent immigrant population (those arriving between 1996 and 2001) is markedly different from that of the Canadian-born population, with a larger proportion aged 25 to 44 years and proportionally fewer adults aged 45 years and over. In 2001, one-half of very recent immigrants living in Saskatoon were between the ages of 25 and 44, compared to 30% of the Canadian-born. Adults aged 45 to 64 years made up slightly less than 10% of the very recent immigrant cohort, compared to 20% for the Canadian-born. Children less than 15 years of age accounted for 23% of the very recent immigrant population and a similar proportion of the Canadian-born.

Table B-5: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—age and gender, Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
  Under 15
years
15 to 24 years 25 to 44 years 45 to 64 years 65 years and over Total
Women
Canadian-born 22,150 18,070 31,800 21,320 12,190 105,520
Immigrants 510 660 2,510 2,760 2,050 8,480
 Immigrated before 1986 0 130 960 2,160 1,860 5,110
 Immigrated 1986-1995 150 380 810 440 140 1,900
 Immigrated 1996-2001 370 160 740 160 60 1,470
Men
Canadian-born 23,370 16,770 29,740 20,200 8,810 98,880
Immigrants 500 750 2,630 2,790 1,730 8,390
 Immigrated before 1986 0 190 1,100 2,250 1,600 5,140
 Immigrated 1986-1995 130 300 660 400 90 1,570
 Immigrated 1996-2001 370 270 870 130 40 1,680
Total
Canadian-born 45,520 34,840 61,530 41,520 20,990 204,390
Immigrants 1,010 1,410 5,130 5,550 3,780 16,870
 Immigrated before 1986 0 310 2,050 4,430 3,470 10,250
 Immigrated 1986-1995 270 670 1,470 850 230 3,470
 Immigrated 1996-2001 740 430 1,610 290 90 3,150
 
Canadian-born 22% 17% 30% 20% 10% 100%
Immigrants 6% 8% 30% 33% 22% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 0% 3% 20% 43% 34% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 8% 19% 42% 24% 6% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 23% 14% 51% 9% 3% 100%
Total population 21% 16% 30% 21% 11% 100%

These differences in age structure are to some degree a result of how we define immigrants and the Canadian-born. The immigrant population grows older like the Canadian population but does not renew itself in the same way, as children born in Canada to immigrants are not considered immigrants. Thus, there are no persons less than 15 years of age among immigrants who landed before 1986, and the older age groups are over-represented among these earlier immigrants. By the same token, the share of children among the Canadian-born is large as it includes children born in Canada to immigrant parents.

The age structure of very recent immigrants closely resembles age at landing. Immigrants tend to arrive in Canada during their prime working-age years. This was the case among immigrants who landed more than 30 years ago, and it is still the case today. It is therefore not surprising that a large share of very recent immigrants were in the 25 to 44 age group.

Many of the characteristics and circumstances described in this profile vary with age. Differences between immigrants or groups of immigrants and the Canadian-born often are at least in part a reflection of differences in the age structure.

Figure B-1: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—by age, Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (percentage distribution)

Figure B-1

More men than women among very recent immigrants

The proportion of women in the very recent immigrant population in Saskatoon is lower than that of the Canadian-born population. Among those who landed during the 1986 to 1995 period, however, women outnumber men.

More than 60% of recent immigrants living in Saskatoon from Iran, El Salvador and India are men. At the opposite end of the spectrum of gender mix are Germany, the Philippines and the Russian Federation. Two-thirds or more of recent immigrants from these countries are women. The gender balance, by country of origin, has not changed greatly since 1996.

Table B-6: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—percentage of women, by age, Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 2001
  Under 15 years 15 to 24 years 25 to 44 years 45 to 64 years 65 years and over Total
Canadian-born 49% 52% 52% 51% 58% 52%
Immigrants 51% 47% 49% 50% 54% 50%
 Immigrated before 1986 - 40% 47% 49% 54% 50%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 54% 56% 55% 51% 60% 55%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 50% 37% 46% 55% 61% 47%

 

Language and education

Almost all very recent immigrants speak English or French

A large majority of Saskatoon’s immigrants of 15 years of age and over report being able to carry on a conversation in at least one of Canada’s two official languages. Even among very recent immigrants, who landed in Canada from 1996 to 2001, almost all (both men and women) reported being able to speak an official language in May 2001. Six percent of very recent immigrants 15 years of age and over could not speak either official language. Knowledge of official languages is about the same among those who immigrated during the 1986 to 1995 period, and even higher among those who immigrated before 1986—99% of men and 96% of women.

The proportion of Saskatoon’s immigrants who report being able to carry on a conversation in English or French decreases with age. Almost all immigrants less than 45 years of age who landed in Canada between 1996 and 2001 reported being able to speak English or both English and French. The proportion of very recent immigrants who reported being unable to carry on a conversation in either English or French increased for immigrants 45 years of age and over.

Ability to converse in either or both official languages has improved with the very recent immigrant cohort—6% more men and 8% more women had this ability in 2001, compared to a similar cohort (those who landed in the five years prior to the census) in 1996. Both genders and all age groups reported higher rates.

Table B-7: Very recent immigrants (immigrated between 1996 and 2001)—15 years of age and over—knowledge of official languages, by age and gender, Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
  English only French only English and French Neither English nor French Total
Women
15 to 24 years 160 - - - 160
25 to 44 years 610 - 90 50 740
45 to 64 years 140 - - 20 160
65 years and over 30 - - 30 60
15 years and over 930 10 90 90 1,120
Men
15 to 24 years 270 - - - 270
25 to 44 years 800 - 60 20 880
45 to 64 years 110 - - 30 140
65 years and over 30 - - - 30
15 years and over 1,200 - 60 50 1,310
Total
15 to 24 years 430 - - - 430
25 to 44 years 1,410 - 140 70 1,610
45 to 64 years 240 - - 50 290
65 years and over 60 - - 30 90
15 years and over 2,130 - 150 140 2,420
 
Women
15 to 24 years 100% 0% 0% 0% 100%
25 to 44 years 82% 0% 12% 7% 100%
45 to 64 years 88% 0% 0% 13% 100%
65 years and over 50% 0% 0% 50% 100%
15 years and over 83% 1% 8% 8% 100%
Men
15 to 24 years 100% 0% 0% 0% 100%
25 to 44 years 91% 0% 7% 2% 100%
45 to 64 years 79% 0% 0% 21% 100%
65 years and over 100% 0% 0% 0% 100%
15 years and over 92% 0% 5% 4% 100%
Total
15 to 24 years 100% 0% 0% 0% 100%
25 to 44 years 88% 0% 9% 4% 100%
45 to 64 years 83% 0% 0% 17% 100%
65 years and over 67% 0% 0% 33% 100%
15 years and over 88% 0% 6% 6% 100%

More than half of very recent immigrants speak a foreign language at home

For the majority of Saskatoon’s recent immigrants, the language spoken most often at home is one other than English or French. Almost 55% of immigrants who landed between 1996 and 2001 most often speak a foreign language in their homes.

The use of foreign languages is also high among other immigrant cohorts. About one-half of those who immigrated between 1986 and 1995, and 19% of those who immigrated prior to 1986 most often speak a foreign language at home.

The use of a foreign language in the home among Saskatoon’s very recent immigrants was not as high in 2001 as in 1996 when six in ten immigrants who had landed in the five-year period prior to the census reported use of a foreign language in the home.

Figure B-2: Immigrants by period of immigration—15 years of age and over—use of a foreign language at home, Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (percentage)

Figure B-2

 

Many university graduates among recent immigrants

There are large differences in educational attainment between the Canadian-born and the various immigrant cohorts. University degrees, however, are more common among all immigrant groups than among the Canadian-born. In particular, very recent immigrants boast a high proportion of university graduates. This high proportion of university graduates is most likely a result of immigrant selection policy, which places a large emphasis on education for immigrants in the economic category.

When education levels are compared by age group, the younger generation has a much higher level of education than older groups, whether born in or outside Canada. In almost all cases, the proportion of Saskatoon’s immigrants 25 years of age and over without a high school diploma is similar to or lower in comparison to the Canadian-born of the same age, and the proportion with post-secondary qualifications is higher. About 20% of Saskatoon’s Canadian-born population less than 45 years of age do not have a high school diploma compared to 14% of very recent immigrants in this age group. Three-quarters of very recent immigrants aged 25 to 44 years—both men and women—have a post-secondary diploma or degree, compared to 54% of Canadian-born men and 63% of Canadian-born women in this age group.

Table B-8: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—15 years of age and over—highest level of education, by gender, Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
  Less than grade 9 Some high school High school diploma College or trade diploma University degree Total
Women
Canadian-born 4,710 20,870 17,770 26,280 13,740 83,370
Immigrants 1,010 1,490 1,510 2,040 1,920 7,980
 Immigrated before 1986 760 1,070 860 1,440 990 5,110
 Immigrated 1986-1995 200 260 460 360 490 1,760
 Immigrated 1996-2001 60 170 200 250 450 1,110
Men
Canadian-born 4,350 21,090 17,400 20,700 11,980 75,510
Immigrants 790 1,360 1,190 2,010 2,540 7,890
 Immigrated before 1986 620 850 690 1,510 1,470 5,140
 Immigrated 1986-1995 120 270 310 270 500 1,440
 Immigrated 1996-2001 50 250 200 230 590 1,310
Total
Canadian-born 9,070 41,960 35,170 46,990 25,720 158,880
Immigrants 1,800 2,860 2,700 4,050 4,470 15,860
 Immigrated before 1986 1,390 1,930 1,550 2,960 2,450 10,250
 Immigrated 1986-1995 310 530 760 630 990 3,200
 Immigrated 1996-2001 110 410 390 480 1,040 2,420
 
Women
Canadian-born 6% 25% 21% 32% 16% 100%
Immigrants 13% 19% 19% 26% 24% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 15% 21% 17% 28% 19% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 11% 15% 26% 21% 28% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 5% 15% 18% 22% 41% 100%
Men
Canadian-born 6% 28% 23% 27% 16% 100%
Immigrants 10% 17% 15% 25% 32% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 12% 17% 13% 29% 29% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 8% 18% 21% 19% 34% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 4% 19% 15% 18% 45% 100%
Total
Canadian-born 6% 26% 22% 30% 16% 100%
Immigrants 11% 18% 17% 26% 28% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 14% 19% 15% 29% 24% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 10% 16% 24% 20% 31% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 5% 17% 16% 20% 43% 100%
Table B-9: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—25 years of age and over, with no high school diploma or with post-secondary diploma or degree—by age and gender, Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage)
  No high school diploma With post-secondary diploma or degree
  25 to 44 years 45 to 65 years 65 years and over 25 to 44 years 45 to 65 years 65 years and over
Women
Canadian-born 5,150 5,730 7,250 20,140 11,990 3,660
Immigrants 390 730 1,170 1,600 1,630 610
 Immigrated before 1986 170 580 1,060 550 1,280 540
 Immigrated 1986-1995 130 100 70 490 270 40
 Immigrated 1996-2001 90 50 30 560 80 40
Men
Canadian-born 6,950 5,690 4,750 15,930 10,910 3,090
Immigrants 480 550 770 1,700 1,930 800
 Immigrated before 1986 230 450 730 640 1,520 730
 Immigrated 1986-1995 120 80 30 410 300 30
 Immigrated 1996-2001 140 20 0 660 100 30
Total
Canadian-born 12,100 11,410 11,990 36,060 22,890 6,740
Immigrants 860 1,270 1,930 3,280 3,560 1,410
 Immigrated before 1986 400 1,030 1,820 1,180 2,800 1,290
 Immigrated 1986-1995 230 170 120 900 570 60
 Immigrated 1996-2001 230 80 30 1,210 180 60
 
Women
Canadian-born 16% 27% 59% 63% 56% 30%
Immigrants 16% 26% 57% 64% 59% 30%
 Immigrated before 1986 18% 27% 57% 58% 59% 29%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 15% 22% 52% 60% 60% 26%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 12% 31% 55% 75% 47% 64%
Men
Canadian-born 23% 28% 54% 54% 54% 35%
Immigrants 18% 20% 45% 65% 69% 46%
 Immigrated before 1986 20% 20% 45% 58% 68% 45%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 18% 20% 29% 62% 75% 29%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 15% 12% 0% 75% 73% 86%
Total
Canadian-born 20% 27% 57% 59% 55% 32%
Immigrants 17% 23% 51% 64% 64% 37%
 Immigrated before 1986 20% 23% 53% 58% 63% 37%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 16% 20% 51% 61% 68% 24%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 14% 26% 28% 75% 61% 61%

Recent immigrants add to Saskatoon’s pool of science professionals

Nearly 60% of men who immigrated after 1985 and have a post-secondary diploma or degree majored in physical sciences, engineering or trades, compared to 55% of Canadian-born men. Twenty percent of recent immigrant women with a post-secondary diploma or degree studied physical sciences, engineering or trades compared to 11% of Canadian-born women.

Recent immigrants are also strongly represented in the social sciences, education and arts, with a share of post-secondary graduates similar to that of the Canadian-born. Commerce, management and business administration is the choice for 29% of Canadian-born women with a post-secondary diploma or degree, compared to 20% of recent immigrant women. The share of health professionals among recent immigrants (15%) is similar to that of the Canadian-born.

Table B-10: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—15 years of age and over, with post-secondary diploma or degree—major field of study, by gender, Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
  Physical sciences, engineering and trades Social sciences, education and arts Commerce, management and business administration Health professions and related technologies Total
Women
Canadian-born 4,210 15,700 11,770 8,290 39,960
Immigrants 840 1,460 770 910 3,970
 Immigrated before 1986 220 280 140 210 840
 Immigrated 1986-1995 370 920 540 570 2,400
 Immigrated 1996-2001 230 230 100 120 680
Men
Canadian-born 17,980 8,520 4,420 1,760 32,670
Immigrants 2,630 1,020 460 440 4,550
 Immigrated before 1986 440 150 60 120 760
 Immigrated 1986-1995 1,690 710 310 270 2,980
 Immigrated 1996-2001 500 180 100 60 820
Total
Canadian-born 22,200 24,210 16,180 10,050 72,630
Immigrants 3,470 2,480 1,220 1,350 8,520
 Immigrated before 1986 660 440 190 320 1,600
 Immigrated 1986-1995 2,060 1,640 840 850 5,380
 Immigrated 1996-2001 740 410 200 180 1,520
 
Women
Canadian-born 11% 39% 29% 21% 100%
Immigrants 21% 37% 19% 23% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 26% 34% 16% 25% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 15% 38% 22% 24% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 34% 34% 15% 18% 100%
Men
Canadian-born 55% 26% 14% 5% 100%
Immigrants 58% 22% 10% 10% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 58% 19% 7% 15% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 57% 24% 10% 9% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 60% 21% 12% 7% 100%
Total
Canadian-born 31% 33% 22% 14% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 41% 29% 14% 16% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 41% 27% 12% 20% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 38% 30% 16% 16% 100%
Immigrated 1996-2001 49% 27% 13% 12% 100%

Recent immigrants more likely to attend school

Very recent immigrants are relatively likely to be in school. School attendance is at least twice as high among very recent immigrants as among the Canadian-born, in both the 25-44 years and 45-64 years age groups.

Table B-11: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—15 to 64 years of age, attending school—by age and gender, Saskatoon Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage)
  15 to 24 years 25 to 44 years 45 to 64 years 15 to 24 years 25 to 44 years 45 to 64 years
Women
Canadian-born 11,040 4,410 760 61% 14% 4%
Immigrants 470 530 130 70% 21% 5%
 Immigrated before 1986 60 120 50 42% 12% 2%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 290 140 30 77% 17% 7%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 120 290 30 75% 39% 19%
Men
Canadian-born 9,480 3,410 420 57% 11% 2%
Immigrants 590 680 130 77% 26% 4%
 Immigrated before 1986 130 200 90 68% 18% 4%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 230 130 20 77% 19% 5%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 210 370 20 78% 42% 15%
Total
Canadian-born 20,510 7,820 1,180 59% 13% 3%
Immigrants 1,050 1,210 260 74% 24% 5%
 Immigrated before 1986 200 330 150 63% 16% 3%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 520 250 50 78% 17% 5%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 330 650 60 77% 40% 19%

School attendance, of course, is much higher in the youngest age group, persons 15 to 24 years of age, than in the older age groups. Here we find a higher rate of school attendance among recent immigrants than among their Canadian-born counterparts. By and large, school attendance rates were similar for all immigrant cohorts to those in 1996.

Date Modified: