Immigration overview: Permanent and temporary residents

Permanent residents


Canada – Permanent residents by category

Number
Category 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Spouses and partners 34,566 36,816 39,402 34,196 39,671 44,213 45,445 45,296 44,902 44,196
Sons and daughters 3,986 3,951 3,933 3,646 3,618 3,037 3,232 3,191 3,338 3,255
Parents and grandparents 14,487 17,769 21,341 22,243 19,385 12,733 12,475 20,005 15,813 16,597
Others 2,237 2,080 2,119 2,205 2,438 2,278 2,209 2,016 2,179 1,519
Family class 55,276 60,616 66,795 62,290 65,112 62,261 63,361 70,508 66,232 65,567
Skilled workers – p.a.* 41,544 52,123 58,911 52,974 45,377 47,894 52,269 44,162 41,251 43,360
Skilled workers – s.d.** 50,950 66,468 78,323 69,756 59,847 65,557 77,969 61,783 56,601 60,376
Entrepreneurs – p.a.* 1,668 1,658 1,608 1,176 781 668 751 821 581 447
Entrepreneurs – s.d.** 4,486 4,529 4,479 3,302 2,197 1,800 2,099 2,277 1,579 1,258
Self-employed – p.a.* 833 795 705 636 446 366 301 320 203 164
Self-employed – s.d.** 1,766 1,732 1,451 1,271 981 824 713 632 373 341
Investors – p.a.* 1,138 1,390 1,768 1,234 972 1,671 2,591 2,200 2,025 2,831
Investors – s.d.** 3,127 3,561 4,574 3,402 2,723 4,428 7,020 5,826 5,420 7,366
Provincial/territorial nominees – p.a.* 151 368 410 680 1,417 2,086 2,643 4,672 6,329 8,343
Provincial/territorial nominees – s.d.** 326 884 864 1,447 3,001 4,162 5,404 8,664 10,765 14,075
Live-in caregivers – p.a.* 1,959 1,759 1,874 1,521 2,230 2,496 3,063 3,547 3,433 6,157
Live-in caregivers – s.d.** 1,302 1,023 751 464 1,074 1,796 1,489 3,348 2,684 4,354
Economic immigrants 109,250 136,290 155,718 137,863 121,046 133,748 156,312 138,252 131,244 149,072
Government-assisted refugees 7,442 10,669 8,697 7,505 7,508 7,411 7,424 7,327 7,573 7,295
Privately sponsored refugees 2,348 2,933 3,576 3,044 3,252 3,116 2,976 3,337 3,588 3,512
Refugees landed
in Canada
11,798 12,993 11,897 10,546 11,264 15,901 19,935 15,885 11,697 6,994
Refugee dependants 2,809 3,497 3,749 4,021 3,960 6,259 5,441 5,950 5,097 4,059
Refugees 24,397 30,092 27,919 25,116 25,984 32,687 35,776 32,499 27,955 21,860
Retirees, DROC and PDRCC*** 1,031 460 206 126 79 53 20 23 15 2
Temporary resident permit holders 0 0 0 9 97 148 123 136 107 113
H and C**** cases 0 0 0 619 2,375 2,984 3,110 4,312 4,346 3,449
Other H and C cases outside the family class /
Public Policy
0 0 0 3,026 6,654 3,944 3,537 5,911 6,854 7,178
Other immigrants 1,031 460 206 3,780 9,205 7,129 6,790 10,382 11,322 10,742
Category not stated 0 0 1 0 1 0 2 2 1 2
Total 189,954 227,458 250,639 229,049 221,348 235,825 262,241 251,643 236,754 247,243
Percentage distribution
Category 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Spouses and partners 18.2 16.2 15.7 14.9 17.9 18.7 17.3 18.0 19.0 17.9
Sons and daughters 2.1 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.3
Parents and grandparents 7.6 7.8 8.5 9.7 8.8 5.4 4.8 7.9 6.7 6.7
Others 1.2 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.6
Family class 29.1 26.6 26.6 27.2 29.4 26.4 24.2 28.0 28.0 26.5
Skilled workers – p.a.* 21.9 22.9 23.5 23.1 20.5 20.3 19.9 17.5 17.4 17.5
Skilled workers – s.d.** 26.8 29.2 31.2 30.5 27.0 27.8 29.7 24.6 23.9 24.4
Entrepreneurs – p.a.* 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Entrepreneurs – s.d.** 2.4 2.0 1.8 1.4 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.5
Self-employed – p.a.* 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Self-employed – s.d.** 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1
Investors – p.a.* 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1
Investors – s.d.** 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.5 1.2 1.9 2.7 2.3 2.3 3.0
Provincial/territorial nominees – p.a.* 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.0 1.9 2.7 3.4
Provincial/territorial nominees – s.d.** 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.6 1.4 1.8 2.1 3.4 4.5 5.7
Live-in caregivers – p.a.* 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.5 2.5
Live-in caregivers – s.d.** 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.6 1.3 1.1 1.8
Economic immigrants 57.5 59.9 62.1 60.2 54.7 56.7 59.6 54.9 55.4 60.3
Government-assisted refugees 3.9 4.7 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.1 2.8 2.9 3.2 3.0
Privately sponsored refugees 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.4
Refugees landed
in Canada
6.2 5.7 4.7 4.6 5.1 6.7 7.6 6.3 4.9 2.8
Refugee dependants 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.8 2.7 2.1 2.4 2.2 1.6
Refugees 12.8 13.2 11.1 11.0 11.7 13.9 13.6 12.9 11.8 8.8
Retirees, DROC and PDRCC*** 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Temporary resident permit holders 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
H and C**** cases 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.7 1.8 1.4
Other H and C cases outside the family class /
Public Policy
0.0 0.0 0.0 1.3 3.0 1.7 1.3 2.3 2.9 2.9
Other immigrants 0.5 0.2 0.1 1.7 4.2 3.0 2.6 4.1 4.8 4.3
Category not stated 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

*p.a. = principal applicants
**s.d. = spouses and dependants
*** Deferred removal orders and post-determination refugee claimants in Canada
****Humanitarian and Compassionate

Canada – Male permanent residents by category

Number
Category 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Spouses and partners 12,657 13,293 14,347 12,176 13,991 16,087 17,107 17,097 17,042 17,187
Sons and daughters 2,150 2,004 2,049 1,889 1,913 1,607 1,666 1,733 1,801 1,742
Parents and grandparents 5,903 7,295 8,925 9,556 8,284 5,365 5,611 8,929 6,836 7,121
Others 750 699 724 676 680 666 661 754 781 656
Family class 21,460 23,291 26,045 24,297 24,868 23,725 25,045 28,513 26,460 26,706
Skilled workers – p.a.* 31,011 39,604 44,439 39,640 33,512 34,376 37,069 31,048 28,052 28,540
Skilled workers – s.d.** 19,033 24,631 29,323 26,813 23,099 26,115 31,722 25,197 23,609 25,769
Entrepreneurs – p.a.* 1,428 1,428 1,385 1,037 693 576 632 709 493 394
Entrepreneurs – s.d.** 1,742 1,771 1,779 1,311 857 713 842 946 643 515
Self-employed – p.a.* 654 642 576 502 355 292 223 228 142 123
Self-employed – s.d.** 671 681 574 513 373 328 282 271 162 137
Investors – p.a.* 953 1,193 1,490 1,062 828 1,452 2,204 1,865 1,757 2,379
Investors – s.d.** 1,212 1,380 1,772 1,328 1,069 1,713 2,689 2,253 2,089 2,850
Provincial/territorial nominees – p.a.* 120 302 315 537 1,113 1,639 2,018 3,569 4,581 6,179
Provincial/territorial nominees – s.d.** 133 340 326 573 1,240 1,615 2,109 3,427 4,364 5,577
Live-in caregivers – p.a.* 39 39 52 43 60 70 108 164 169 331
Live-in caregivers – s.d.** 840 667 505 307 753 1,191 1,007 2,213 1,788 2,958
Economic immigrants 57,836 72,678 82,536 73,666 63,952 70,080 80,905 71,890 67,849 75,752
Government-assisted refugees 3,911 5,539 4,520 3,958 3,909 3,855 3,730 3,813 3,826 3,566
Privately sponsored refugees 1,241 1,581 1,865 1,509 1,681 1,641 1,545 1,798 1,907 1,852
Refugees landed
in Canada
6,863 7,512 6,893 6,058 6,428 8,715 10,836 8,431 6,188 3,679
Refugee dependants 1,185 1,493 1,646 1,709 1,773 2,762 2,454 2,646 2,365 1,912
Refugees 13,200 16,125 14,924 13,234 13,791 16,973 18,565 16,688 14,286 11,009
Retirees, DROC and PDRCC*** 539 260 107 39 31 13 12 8 1
Temporary resident permit holders 0 0 0 41 77 64 69 51 56
H and C**** cases 0 0 0 294 1,083 1,500 1,578 2,131 2,091 1,632
Other H and C cases outside the family class / Public Policy 0 0 0 1,188 2,725 1,778 1,606 2,824 3,231 3,458
Other immigrants 539 260 107 1,559 3,888 3,386 3,261 5,036 5,381 5,147
Category not stated 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0
Males 93,035 112,354 123,613 112,756 106,499 114,164 127,777 122,128 113,977 118,614
Percentage distribution
Category 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Spouses and partners 13.6 11.8 11.6 10.8 13.1 14.1 13.4 14.0 15.0 14.5
Sons and daughters 2.3 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.5
Parents and grandparents 6.3 6.5 7.2 8.5 7.8 4.7 4.4 7.3 6.0 6.0
Others 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6
Family class 23.1 20.7 21.1 21.5 23.4 20.8 19.6 23.3 23.2 22.5
Skilled workers – p.a.* 33.3 35.2 36.0 35.2 31.5 30.1 29.0 25.4 24.6 24.1
Skilled workers – s.d.** 20.5 21.9 23.7 23.8 21.7 22.9 24.8 20.6 20.7 21.7
Entrepreneurs – p.a.* 1.5 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.3
Entrepreneurs – s.d.** 1.9 1.6 1.4 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.4
Self-employed – p.a.* 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Self-employed – s.d.** 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Investors – p.a.* 1.0 1.1 1.2 0.9 0.8 1.3 1.7 1.5 1.5 2.0
Investors – s.d.** 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.0 1.5 2.1 1.8 1.8 2.4
Provincial/territorial nominees – p.a.* 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.5 1.0 1.4 1.6 2.9 4.0 5.2
Provincial/territorial nominees – s.d.** 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.5 1.2 1.4 1.7 2.8 3.8 4.7
Live-in caregivers – p.a.* 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3
Live-in caregivers – s.d.** 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.7 1.0 0.8 1.8 1.6 2.5
Economic immigrants 62.2 64.7 66.8 65.3 60.0 61.4 63.3 58.9 59.5 63.9
Government-assisted refugees 4.2 4.9 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.4 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.0
Privately sponsored refugees 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.5 1.7 1.6
Refugees landed
in Canada
7.4 6.7 5.6 5.4 6.0 7.6 8.5 6.9 5.4 3.1
Refugee dependants 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.7 2.4 1.9 2.2 2.1 1.6
Refugees 14.2 14.4 12.1 11.7 12.9 14.9 14.5 13.7 12.5 9.3
Retirees, DROC and PDRCC*** 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Temporary resident permit holders 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
H and C**** cases 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.0 1.3 1.2 1.7 1.8 1.4
Other H and C cases outside the family class / Public Policy 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 2.6 1.6 1.3 2.3 2.8 2.9
Other immigrants 0.6 0.2 0.1 1.4 3.7 3.0 2.6 4.1 4.7 4.3
Category not stated 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Males 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

*p.a. = principal applicants
**s.d. = spouses and dependants
*** Deferred removal orders and post-determination refugee claimants in Canada
****Humanitarian and Compassionate

Canada – Female permanent residents by category

Number
Category 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Spouses and partners 21,905 23,522 25,055 22,019 25,680 28,124 28,338 28,198 27,860 27,009
Sons and daughters 1,835 1,946 1,884 1,757 1,705 1,430 1,566 1,458 1,537 1,513
Parents and grandparents 8,581 10,474 12,415 12,687 11,101 7,368 6,864 11,076 8,977 9,476
Others 1,481 1,377 1,388 1,526 1,757 1,610 1,548 1,261 1,398 863
Family class 33,802 37,319 40,742 37,989 40,243 38,532 38,316 41,993 39,772 38,861
Skilled workers – p.a.* 10,533 12,519 14,472 13,334 11,864 13,518 15,200 13,114 13,199 14,820
Skilled workers – s.d.** 31,916 41,836 49,000 42,943 36,748 39,442 46,247 36,586 32,992 34,607
Entrepreneurs – p.a.* 240 230 223 139 88 92 119 112 88 53
Entrepreneurs – s.d.** 2,741 2,758 2,700 1,991 1,340 1,087 1,257 1,331 936 743
Self-employed – p.a.* 179 153 129 134 91 74 78 92 61 41
Self-employed – s.d.** 1,095 1,051 877 758 608 496 431 361 211 204
Investors – p.a.* 185 197 278 172 144 219 387 335 268 452
Investors – s.d.** 1,915 2,181 2,802 2,074 1,654 2,715 4,331 3,573 3,331 4,516
Provincial/territorial nominees – p.a.* 31 66 95 143 304 447 625 1,103 1,748 2,164
Provincial/territorial nominees – s.d.** 193 544 538 874 1,761 2,547 3,295 5,237 6,401 8,498
Live-in caregivers – p.a.* 1,920 1,720 1,822 1,478 2,170 2,426 2,955 3,383 3,264 5,826
Live-in caregivers – s.d.** 462 356 246 157 321 605 482 1,135 896 1,396
Economic immigrants 51,410 63,611 73,182 64,197 57,093 63,668 75,407 66,362 63,395 73,320
Government-assisted refugees 3,531 5,130 4,177 3,547 3,599 3,556 3,694 3,514 3,747 3,729
Privately sponsored refugees 1,107 1,352 1,710 1,535 1,571 1,474 1,431 1,539 1,681 1,660
Refugees landed
in Canada
4,935 5,481 5,004 4,488 4,836 7,186 9,098 7,454 5,509 3,315
Refugee dependants 1,624 2,003 2,103 2,312 2,187 3,497 2,987 3,304 2,732 2,147
Refugees 11,197 13,966 12,994 11,882 12,193 15,713 17,210 15,811 13,669 10,851
Retirees, DROC and PDRCC*** 492 200 99 40 22 7 11 7 1
Temporary resident permit holders 0 0 0 56 71 59 67 56 57
H and C**** cases 0 0 0 325 1,292 1,484 1,532 2,181 2,255 1,817
Other H and C cases outside the family class / Public Policy 0 0 0 1,838 3,929 2,166 1,931 3,087 3,623 3,720
Other immigrants 492 200 99 2,221 5,317 3,743 3,529 5,346 5,941 5,595
Category not stated 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 2
Females 96,901 115,096 127,017 116,289 114,847 121,656 134,463 129,513 122,777 128,629
Percentage distribution
Category 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Spouses and partners 22.6 20.4 19.7 18.9 22.4 23.1 21.1 21.8 22.7 21.0
Sons and daughters 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.2
Parents and grandparents 8.9 9.1 9.8 10.9 9.7 6.1 5.1 8.6 7.3 7.4
Others 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.1 0.7
Family class 34.9 32.4 32.1 32.7 35.0 31.7 28.5 32.4 32.4 30.2
Skilled workers – p.a.* 10.9 10.9 11.4 11.5 10.3 11.1 11.3 10.1 10.8 11.5
Skilled workers – s.d.** 32.9 36.3 38.6 36.9 32.0 32.4 34.4 28.2 26.9 26.9
Entrepreneurs – p.a.* 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Entrepreneurs – s.d.** 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.7 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.6
Self-employed – p.a.* 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Self-employed – s.d.** 1.1 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Investors – p.a.* 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4
Investors – s.d.** 2.0 1.9 2.2 1.8 1.4 2.2 3.2 2.8 2.7 3.5
Provincial/territorial nominees – p.a.* 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.9 1.4 1.7
Provincial/territorial nominees – s.d.** 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.8 1.5 2.1 2.5 4.0 5.2 6.6
Live-in caregivers – p.a.* 2.0 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.6 2.7 4.5
Live-in caregivers – s.d.** 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.7 1.1
Economic immigrants 53.1 55.3 57.6 55.2 49.7 52.3 56.1 51.2 51.6 57.0
Government-assisted refugees 3.6 4.5 3.3 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.7 3.1 2.9
Privately sponsored refugees 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.3
Refugees landed
in Canada
5.1 4.8 3.9 3.9 4.2 5.9 6.8 5.8 4.5 2.6
Refugee dependants 1.7 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.9 2.9 2.2 2.6 2.2 1.7
Refugees 11.6 12.1 10.2 10.2 10.6 12.9 12.8 12.2 11.1 8.4
Retirees, DROC and PDRCC*** 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Temporary resident permit holders 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
H and C**** cases 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.7 1.8 1.4
Other H and C cases outside the family class / Public Policy 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.6 3.4 1.8 1.4 2.4 3.0 2.9
Other immigrants 0.5 0.2 0.1 1.9 4.6 3.1 2.6 4.1 4.8 4.3
Category not stated 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Females 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

*p.a. = principal applicants
**s.d. = spouses and dependants
*** Deferred removal orders and post-determination refugee claimants in Canada
****Humanitarian and Compassionate

Date Modified: