ARCHIVED – Immigration overview: Permanent and temporary residents

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Permanent residents


Canada – Permanent residents by category

*principal applicants
**spouses and dependants
*** Deferred removal orders class and post-determination refugee claimants in Canada
****Humanitarian and Compassionate

Number
Category 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Spouses and partners 39,403 34,197 39,680 44,227 45,458 45,305 44,912 44,209 43,901 40,764
Sons and daughters 3,932 3,645 3,618 3,037 3,232 3,191 3,338 3,254 3,025 2,955
Parents and grandparents 21,341 22,245 19,385 12,733 12,475 20,005 15,813 16,600 17,178 15,324
Others 2,119 2,205 2,438 2,278 2,209 2,016 2,179 1,519 1,100 1,177
Family class 66,795 62,292 65,121 62,275 63,374 70,517 66,242 65,582 65,204 60,220
Skilled workers - p.a.* 58,910 52,974 45,377 47,894 52,269 44,161 41,251 43,361 40,733 48,821
Skilled workers - s.d.** 78,321 69,756 59,847 65,557 77,969 61,782 56,601 60,373 55,220 70,536
Canadian experience class - p.a.* 1,775 2,532
Canadian experience class - s.d.** 770 1,385
Entrepreneurs - p.a.* 1,608 1,176 781 668 750 820 580 446 370 291
Entrepreneurs - s.d.** 4,479 3,302 2,197 1,799 2,098 2,273 1,577 1,255 945 796
Self-employed - p.a.* 705 636 446 366 302 320 204 164 181 174
Self-employed - s.d.** 1,451 1,271 981 824 714 632 375 341 358 326
Investors - p.a.* 1,768 1,234 972 1,671 2,591 2,201 2,025 2,832 2,872 3,223
Investors - s.d.** 4,574 3,402 2,723 4,428 7,020 5,830 5,420 7,370 7,434 8,492
Provincial/territorial nominees - p.a.* 410 680 1,417 2,086 2,643 4,672 6,329 8,343 11,801 13,856
Provincial/territorial nominees - s.d.** 864 1,447 3,001 4,162 5,404 8,664 10,765 14,075 18,578 22,572
Live-in caregivers - p.a.* 1,874 1,521 2,230 2,496 3,063 3,547 3,433 6,157 6,273 7,664
Live-in caregivers - s.d.** 753 464 1,075 1,796 1,489 3,348 2,685 4,354 6,181 6,245
Economic immigrants 155,717 137,863 121,047 133,747 156,312 138,250 131,245 149,071 153,491 186,913
Government-assisted refugees 8,697 7,505 7,508 7,411 7,424 7,326 7,572 7,295 7,425 7,264
Privately sponsored refugees 3,576 3,041 3,252 3,116 2,976 3,338 3,588 3,512 5,036 4,833
Refugees landed in Canada 11,897 10,546 11,264 15,901 19,935 15,884 11,696 6,994 7,206 9,041
Refugee dependants 3,749 4,021 3,959 6,259 5,441 5,952 5,098 4,057 3,183 3,558
Refugees 27,919 25,113 25,983 32,687 35,776 32,500 27,954 21,858 22,850 24,696
Retirees, DROC and PDRCC***  206 -- 79 53 20 23 15 2 4 0
Temporary resident permit holders 0 -- 97 148 123 136 107 113 106 109
H and C**** cases 0 618 2,376 2,984 3,110 4,312 4,346 3,452 3,142 2,900
Other H and C cases outside the family class / Public Policy 0 3,027 6,645 3,930 3,524 5,902 6,844 7,168 7,374 5,836
Other immigrants 206 3,780 9,197 7,115 6,777 10,373 11,312 10,735 10,626 8,845
Category not stated 1 0 1 0 2 2 1 2 1 7
Total 250,638 229,048 221,349 235,824 262,241 251,642 236,754 247,248 252,172 280,681

*principal applicants
**spouses and dependants
*** Deferred removal orders class and post-determination refugee claimants in Canada
****Humanitarian and Compassionate

Percentage distribution
Category 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Spouses and partners 15.7 14.9 17.9 18.8 17.3 18.0 19.0 17.9 17.4 14.5
Sons and daughters 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1
Parents and grandparents 8.5 9.7 8.8 5.4 4.8 7.9 6.7 6.7 6.8 5.5
Others 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.4
Family class 26.6 27.2 29.4 26.4 24.2 28.0 28.0 26.5 25.9 21.5
Skilled workers - p.a.* 23.5 23.1 20.5 20.3 19.9 17.5 17.4 17.5 16.2 17.4
Skilled workers - s.d.** 31.2 30.5 27.0 27.8 29.7 24.6 23.9 24.4 21.9 25.1
Canadian experience class - p.a.* 0.7 0.9
Canadian experience class - s.d.** 0.3 0.5
Entrepreneurs - p.a.* 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Entrepreneurs - s.d.** 1.8 1.4 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.3
Self-employed - p.a.* 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Self-employed - s.d.** 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Investors - p.a.* 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.1
Investors - s.d.** 1.8 1.5 1.2 1.9 2.7 2.3 2.3 3.0 2.9 3.0
Provincial/territorial nominees - p.a.* 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.0 1.9 2.7 3.4 4.7 4.9
Provincial/territorial nominees - s.d.** 0.3 0.6 1.4 1.8 2.1 3.4 4.5 5.7 7.4 8.0
Live-in caregivers - p.a.* 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.5 2.5 2.5 2.7
Live-in caregivers - s.d.** 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.6 1.3 1.1 1.8 2.5 2.2
Economic immigrants 62.1 60.2 54.7 56.7 59.6 54.9 55.4 60.3 60.9 66.6
Government-assisted refugees 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.1 2.8 2.9 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.6
Privately sponsored refugees 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.4 2.0 1.7
Refugees landed in Canada 4.7 4.6 5.1 6.7 7.6 6.3 4.9 2.8 2.9 3.2
Refugee dependants 1.5 1.8 1.8 2.7 2.1 2.4 2.2 1.6 1.3 1.3
Refugees 11.1 11.0 11.7 13.9 13.6 12.9 11.8 8.8 9.1 8.8
Retirees, DROC and PDRCC***  0.1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Temporary resident permit holders 0.0 -- 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
H and C**** cases 0.0 0.3 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.7 1.8 1.4 1.2 1.0
Other H and C cases outside the family class / Public Policy 0.0 1.3 3.0 1.7 1.3 2.3 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.1
Other immigrants 0.1 1.7 4.2 3.0 2.6 4.1 4.8 4.3 4.2 3.2
Category not stated 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Canada – Male permanent residents by category

*principal applicants
**spouses and dependants
*** Deferred removal orders class and post-determination refugee claimants in Canada
****Humanitarian and Compassionate

Number
Category 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Spouses and partners 14,344 12,175 13,993 16,089 17,113 17,101 17,046 17,191 17,596 16,449
Sons and daughters 2,049 1,888 1,913 1,609 1,666 1,733 1,802 1,738 1,573 1,585
Parents and grandparents 8,927 9,556 8,284 5,366 5,611 8,927 6,838 7,124 7,300 6,371
Others 724 676 680 666 662 755 780 657 507 529
Family class 26,044 24,295 24,870 23,730 25,052 28,516 26,466 26,710 26,976 24,934
Skilled workers - p.a.* 44,442 39,640 33,512 34,376 37,069 31,051 28,050 28,539 26,301 31,061
Skilled workers - s.d.** 29,323 26,811 23,099 26,117 31,717 25,197 23,610 25,768 23,977 31,540
Canadian experience class - p.a.* 1,042 1,616
Canadian experience class - s.d.** 274 442
Entrepreneurs - p.a.* 1,385 1,037 693 576 631 708 492 393 304 251
Entrepreneurs - s.d.** 1,779 1,311 857 713 842 943 642 513 371 318
Self-employed - p.a.* 576 502 355 292 224 228 143 123 140 134
Self-employed - s.d.** 574 513 373 328 282 271 163 137 133 129
Investors - p.a.* 1,490 1,062 828 1,452 2,204 1,866 1,757 2,380 2,378 2,652
Investors - s.d.** 1,772 1,328 1,069 1,713 2,689 2,256 2,089 2,853 2,942 3,385
Provincial/territorial nominees - p.a.* 315 537 1,113 1,639 2,019 3,569 4,580 6,179 8,599 9,598
Provincial/territorial nominees - s.d.** 326 573 1,240 1,614 2,109 3,427 4,363 5,578 7,339 9,222
Live-in caregivers - p.a.* 52 43 60 70 108 164 169 331 304 472
Live-in caregivers - s.d.** 506 307 754 1,191 1,007 2,212 1,788 2,958 4,112 4,139
Economic immigrants 82,540 73,664 63,953 70,081 80,901 71,892 67,846 75,752 78,216 94,959
Government-assisted refugees 4,520 3,957 3,910 3,853 3,730 3,813 3,823 3,565 3,678 3,570
Privately sponsored refugees 1,863 1,508 1,682 1,642 1,545 1,798 1,907 1,851 2,618 2,594
Refugees landed in Canada 6,893 6,058 6,427 8,714 10,835 8,431 6,187 3,679 3,795 4,770
Refugee dependants 1,645 1,709 1,772 2,762 2,451 2,645 2,365 1,910 1,505 1,672
Refugees 14,921 13,232 13,791 16,971 18,561 16,687 14,282 11,005 11,596 12,606
Retirees, DROC and PDRCC***  107 -- 39 31 13 12 8 1 2 0
Temporary resident permit holders 0 -- 41 77 64 69 51 56 48 58
H and C**** cases 0 293 1,083 1,500 1,579 2,131 2,091 1,633 1,498 1,383
Other H and C cases outside the family class / Public Policy 0 1,189 2,722 1,774 1,599 2,817 3,226 3,455 3,636 3,057
Other immigrants 107 1,559 3,885 3,382 3,255 5,029 5,376 5,145 5,184 4,498
Category not stated 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 3
Males 123,613 112,750 106,499 114,164 127,770 122,125 113,971 118,612 121,973 137,000

*principal applicants
**spouses and dependants
*** Deferred removal orders class and post-determination refugee claimants in Canada
****Humanitarian and Compassionate

Percentage distribution
Category 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Spouses and partners 11.6 10.8 13.1 14.1 13.4 14.0 15.0 14.5 14.4 12.0
Sons and daughters 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.2
Parents and grandparents 7.2 8.5 7.8 4.7 4.4 7.3 6.0 6.0 6.0 4.7
Others 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4
Family class 21.1 21.5 23.4 20.8 19.6 23.3 23.2 22.5 22.1 18.2
Skilled workers - p.a.* 36.0 35.2 31.5 30.1 29.0 25.4 24.6 24.1 21.6 22.7
Skilled workers - s.d.** 23.7 23.8 21.7 22.9 24.8 20.6 20.7 21.7 19.7 23.0
Canadian experience class - p.a.* 0.9 1.2
Canadian experience class - s.d.** 0.2 0.3
Entrepreneurs - p.a.* 1.1 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2
Entrepreneurs - s.d.** 1.4 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.2
Self-employed - p.a.* 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Self-employed - s.d.** 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Investors - p.a.* 1.2 0.9 0.8 1.3 1.7 1.5 1.5 2.0 1.9 1.9
Investors - s.d.** 1.4 1.2 1.0 1.5 2.1 1.8 1.8 2.4 2.4 2.5
Provincial/territorial nominees - p.a.* 0.3 0.5 1.0 1.4 1.6 2.9 4.0 5.2 7.0 7.0
Provincial/territorial nominees - s.d.** 0.3 0.5 1.2 1.4 1.7 2.8 3.8 4.7 6.0 6.7
Live-in caregivers - p.a.* 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3
Live-in caregivers - s.d.** 0.4 0.3 0.7 1.0 0.8 1.8 1.6 2.5 3.4 3.0
Economic immigrants 66.8 65.3 60.1 61.4 63.3 58.9 59.5 63.9 64.1 69.3
Government-assisted refugees 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.4 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.0 3.0 2.6
Privately sponsored refugees 1.5 1.3 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.5 1.7 1.6 2.1 1.9
Refugees landed in Canada 5.6 5.4 6.0 7.6 8.5 6.9 5.4 3.1 3.1 3.5
Refugee dependants 1.3 1.5 1.7 2.4 1.9 2.2 2.1 1.6 1.2 1.2
Refugees 12.1 11.7 12.9 14.9 14.5 13.7 12.5 9.3 9.5 9.2
Retirees, DROC and PDRCC***  0.1 -- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Temporary resident permit holders 0.0 -- 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
H and C**** cases 0.0 0.3 1.0 1.3 1.2 1.7 1.8 1.4 1.2 1.0
Other H and C cases outside the family class / Public Policy 0.0 1.1 2.6 1.6 1.3 2.3 2.8 2.9 3.0 2.2
Other immigrants 0.1 1.4 3.6 3.0 2.5 4.1 4.7 4.3 4.3 3.3
Category not stated 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Males 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Canada – Female permanent residents by category

*principal applicants
**spouses and dependants
*** Deferred removal orders class and post-determination refugee claimants in Canada
****Humanitarian and Compassionate

Number
Category 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Spouses and partners 25,059 22,021 25,687 28,137 28,345 28,203 27,864 27,018 26,305 24,315
Sons and daughters 1,883 1,757 1,705 1,428 1,566 1,458 1,536 1,516 1,452 1,370
Parents and grandparents 12,413 12,689 11,101 7,367 6,864 11,078 8,975 9,476 9,878 8,953
Others 1,388 1,526 1,757 1,610 1,547 1,260 1,399 862 593 648
Family class 40,743 37,993 40,250 38,542 38,322 41,999 39,774 38,872 38,228 35,286
Skilled workers - p.a.* 14,467 13,334 11,864 13,518 15,200 13,110 13,201 14,822 14,432 17,760
Skilled workers - s.d.** 48,998 42,945 36,748 39,440 46,252 36,585 32,991 34,604 31,243 38,996
Canadian experience class - p.a.* 733 916
Canadian experience class - s.d.** 496 943
Entrepreneurs - p.a.* 223 139 88 92 119 112 88 53 66 40
Entrepreneurs - s.d.** 2,700 1,991 1,340 1,086 1,256 1,330 935 742 574 478
Self-employed - p.a.* 129 134 91 74 78 92 61 41 41 40
Self-employed - s.d.** 877 758 608 496 432 361 212 204 225 197
Investors - p.a.* 278 172 144 219 387 335 268 452 494 571
Investors - s.d.** 2,802 2,074 1,654 2,715 4,331 3,574 3,331 4,517 4,492 5,107
Provincial/territorial nominees - p.a.* 95 143 304 447 624 1,103 1,749 2,164 3,202 4,258
Provincial/territorial nominees - s.d.** 538 874 1,761 2,548 3,295 5,237 6,402 8,497 11,239 13,350
Live-in caregivers - p.a.* 1,822 1,478 2,170 2,426 2,955 3,383 3,264 5,826 5,969 7,192
Live-in caregivers - s.d.** 247 157 321 605 482 1,136 897 1,396 2,069 2,106
Economic immigrants 73,176 64,199 57,093 63,666 75,411 66,358 63,399 73,318 75,275 91,954
Government-assisted refugees 4,177 3,548 3,598 3,558 3,694 3,513 3,749 3,730 3,747 3,694
Privately sponsored refugees 1,710 1,533 1,570 1,473 1,431 1,540 1,681 1,661 2,418 2,239
Refugees landed in Canada 5,004 4,488 4,837 7,187 9,099 7,453 5,509 3,315 3,411 4,271
Refugee dependants 2,104 2,312 2,187 3,497 2,990 3,307 2,733 2,147 1,678 1,886
Refugees 12,995 11,881 12,192 15,715 17,214 15,813 13,672 10,853 11,254 12,090
Retirees, DROC and PDRCC***  99 -- 40 22 7 11 7 1 2 0
Temporary resident permit holders 0 -- 56 71 59 67 56 57 58 51
H and C**** cases 0 325 1,293 1,484 1,531 2,181 2,255 1,819 1,644 1,517
Other H and C cases outside the family class / Public Policy 0 1,838 3,923 2,156 1,925 3,085 3,618 3,713 3,738 2,779
Other immigrants 99 2,221 5,312 3,733 3,522 5,344 5,936 5,590 5,442 4,347
Category not stated 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 2 0 4
Females 127,013 116,294 114,848 121,656 134,470 129,515 122,781 128,635 130,199 143,681

*principal applicants
**spouses and dependants
*** Deferred removal orders class and post-determination refugee claimants in Canada
****Humanitarian and Compassionate

Percentage distribution
Category 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Spouses and partners 19.7 18.9 22.4 23.1 21.1 21.8 22.7 21.0 20.2 16.9
Sons and daughters 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0
Parents and grandparents 9.8 10.9 9.7 6.1 5.1 8.6 7.3 7.4 7.6 6.2
Others 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.1 0.7 0.5 0.5
Family class 32.1 32.7 35.0 31.7 28.5 32.4 32.4 30.2 29.4 24.6
Skilled workers - p.a.* 11.4 11.5 10.3 11.1 11.3 10.1 10.8 11.5 11.1 12.4
Skilled workers - s.d.** 38.6 36.9 32.0 32.4 34.4 28.2 26.9 26.9 24.0 27.1
Canadian experience class - p.a.* 0.6 0.6
Canadian experience class - s.d.** 0.4 0.7
Entrepreneurs - p.a.* 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0
Entrepreneurs - s.d.** 2.1 1.7 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.3
Self-employed - p.a.* 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Self-employed - s.d.** 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Investors - p.a.* 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.4
Investors - s.d.** 2.2 1.8 1.4 2.2 3.2 2.8 2.7 3.5 3.5 3.6
Provincial/territorial nominees - p.a.* 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.9 1.4 1.7 2.5 3.0
Provincial/territorial nominees - s.d.** 0.4 0.8 1.5 2.1 2.5 4.0 5.2 6.6 8.6 9.3
Live-in caregivers - p.a.* 1.4 1.3 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.6 2.7 4.5 4.6 5.0
Live-in caregivers - s.d.** 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.5
Economic immigrants 57.6 55.2 49.7 52.3 56.1 51.2 51.6 57.0 57.8 64.0
Government-assisted refugees 3.3 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.7 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.6
Privately sponsored refugees 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.9 1.6
Refugees landed in Canada 3.9 3.9 4.2 5.9 6.8 5.8 4.5 2.6 2.6 3.0
Refugee dependants 1.7 2.0 1.9 2.9 2.2 2.6 2.2 1.7 1.3 1.3
Refugees 10.2 10.2 10.6 12.9 12.8 12.2 11.1 8.4 8.6 8.4
Retirees, DROC and PDRCC***  0.1 -- 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Temporary resident permit holders 0.0 -- 0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
H and C**** cases 0.0 0.3 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.7 1.8 1.4 1.3 1.1
Other H and C cases outside the family class / Public Policy 0.0 1.6 3.4 1.8 1.4 2.4 2.9 2.9 2.9 1.9
Other immigrants 0.1 1.9 4.6 3.1 2.6 4.1 4.8 4.3 4.2 3.0
Category not stated 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Females 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

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