Facts and figures 2011 – Immigration overview: Permanent and temporary residents

Permanent residents


Canada – Permanent residents by category

Number
Category 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Spouses and partners 34,197 39,681 44,227 45,457 45,305 44,912 44,208 43,902 40,763 38,534
Sons and daughters 3,645 3,618 3,037 3,232 3,191 3,338 3,254 3,025 2,956 2,740
Parents and grandparents 22,245 19,385 12,733 12,475 20,005 15,813 16,600 17,178 15,326 14,078
Others 2,205 2,438 2,278 2,209 2,016 2,179 1,519 1,100 1,177 1,094
Family class 62,292 65,122 62,275 63,373 70,517 66,242 65,581 65,205 60,222 56,446
Skilled workers - p.a.* 52,974 45,377 47,894 52,269 44,160 41,251 43,360 40,734 48,822 36,777
Skilled workers - s.d.** 69,756 59,847 65,556 77,970 61,782 56,601 60,372 55,221 70,537 52,009
Canadian experience class - p.a.*               1,775 2,533 3,973
Canadian experience class - s.d.**               770 1,385 2,054
Entrepreneurs - p.a.* 1,176 781 668 749 820 580 446 370 291 184
Entrepreneurs - s.d.** 3,302 2,197 1,799 2,095 2,273 1,577 1,255 943 796 522
Self-employed - p.a.* 636 446 366 302 320 204 164 182 174 113
Self-employed - s.d.** 1,271 981 824 714 632 375 341 360 326 236
Investors - p.a.* 1,234 972 1,671 2,592 2,201 2,025 2,832 2,871 3,223 2,980
Investors - s.d.** 3,402 2,723 4,428 7,023 5,830 5,420 7,370 7,432 8,492 7,606
Provincial/territorial nominees - p.a.* 680 1,417 2,086 2,643 4,672 6,329 8,343 11,800 13,856 15,296
Provincial/territorial nominees - s.d.** 1,447 3,001 4,162 5,404 8,664 10,764 14,075 18,579 22,574 23,124
Live-in caregivers - p.a.* 1,521 2,230 2,496 3,063 3,547 3,433 6,157 6,273 7,664 5,033
Live-in caregivers - s.d.** 464 1,075 1,796 1,489 3,348 2,685 4,354 6,182 6,247 6,214
Economic immigrants 137,863 121,047 133,746 156,313 138,249 131,244 149,069 153,492 186,920 156,121
Government-assisted refugees 7,505 7,508 7,411 7,424 7,326 7,572 7,295 7,425 7,264 7,364
Privately sponsored refugees 3,041 3,252 3,116 2,976 3,337 3,588 3,512 5,036 4,833 5,582
Refugees landed in Canada 10,546 11,264 15,901 19,935 15,883 11,696 6,994 7,206 9,041 10,743
Refugee dependants 4,021 3,959 6,259 5,441 5,953 5,098 4,057 3,183 3,559 4,183
Refugees 25,113 25,983 32,687 35,776 32,499 27,954 21,858 22,850 24,697 27,872
Retirees, DROC and PDRCC***  126 79 53 20 23 15 2 4 0 6
Temporary resident permit holders 9 97 148 123 136 107 113 106 109 88
H and C**** cases 618 2,376 2,984 3,111 4,312 4,347 3,453 3,142 2,900 2,687
Other H and C cases outside the family class / Public Policy 3,027 6,644 3,930 3,524 5,902 6,843 7,168 7,374 5,836 5,525
Other immigrants 3,780 9,196 7,115 6,778 10,373 11,312 10,736 10,626 8,845 8,306
Category not stated 0 1 0 2 2 1 2 1 7 3
Total 229,048 221,349 235,823 262,242 251,640 236,753 247,246 252,174 280,691 248,748

*Principal applicants
**Spouses and dependants
*** Deferred removal orders class and post-determination refugee claimants in Canada
****Humanitarian and Compassionate

Percentage distribution
Category 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Spouses and partners 14.9 17.9 18.8 17.3 18.0 19.0 17.9 17.4 14.5 15.5
Sons and daughters 1.6 1.6 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1
Parents and grandparents 9.7 8.8 5.4 4.8 7.9 6.7 6.7 6.8 5.5 5.7
Others 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4
Family class 27.2 29.4 26.4 24.2 28.0 28.0 26.5 25.9 21.5 22.7
Skilled workers - p.a.* 23.1 20.5 20.3 19.9 17.5 17.4 17.5 16.2 17.4 14.8
Skilled workers - s.d.** 30.5 27.0 27.8 29.7 24.6 23.9 24.4 21.9 25.1 20.9
Canadian experience class - p.a.*               0.7 0.9 1.6
Canadian experience class - s.d.**               0.3 0.5 0.8
Entrepreneurs - p.a.* 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Entrepreneurs - s.d.** 1.4 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2
Self-employed - p.a.* 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Self-employed - s.d.** 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Investors - p.a.* 0.5 0.4 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2
Investors - s.d.** 1.5 1.2 1.9 2.7 2.3 2.3 3.0 2.9 3.0 3.1
Provincial/territorial nominees - p.a.* 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.0 1.9 2.7 3.4 4.7 4.9 6.1
Provincial/territorial nominees - s.d.** 0.6 1.4 1.8 2.1 3.4 4.5 5.7 7.4 8.0 9.3
Live-in caregivers - p.a.* 0.7 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.5 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.0
Live-in caregivers - s.d.** 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.6 1.3 1.1 1.8 2.5 2.2 2.5
Economic immigrants 60.2 54.7 56.7 59.6 54.9 55.4 60.3 60.9 66.6 62.8
Government-assisted refugees 3.3 3.4 3.1 2.8 2.9 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.6 3.0
Privately sponsored refugees 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.4 2.0 1.7 2.2
Refugees landed in Canada 4.6 5.1 6.7 7.6 6.3 4.9 2.8 2.9 3.2 4.3
Refugee dependants 1.8 1.8 2.7 2.1 2.4 2.2 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.7
Refugees 11.0 11.7 13.9 13.6 12.9 11.8 8.8 9.1 8.8 11.2
Retirees, DROC and PDRCC***  0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Temporary resident permit holders 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
H and C**** cases 0.3 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.7 1.8 1.4 1.2 1.0 1.1
Other H and C cases outside the family class / Public Policy 1.3 3.0 1.7 1.3 2.3 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.1 2.2
Other immigrants 1.7 4.2 3.0 2.6 4.1 4.8 4.3 4.2 3.2 3.3
Category not stated 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

*Principal applicants
**Spouses and dependants
*** Deferred removal orders class and post-determination refugee claimants in Canada
****Humanitarian and Compassionate

Canada – Male permanent residents by category

Number
Category 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Spouses and partners 12,173 13,992 16,089 17,111 17,104 17,044 17,191 17,599 16,453 15,755
Sons and daughters 1,887 1,913 1,609 1,664 1,733 1,803 1,738 1,573 1,587 1,499
Parents and grandparents 9,556 8,283 5,366 5,610 8,930 6,838 7,123 7,300 6,373 6,005
Others 675 680 666 662 756 780 657 507 528 504
Family class 24,291 24,868 23,730 25,047 28,523 26,465 26,709 26,979 24,941 23,763
Skilled workers - p.a.* 39,640 33,513 34,376 37,068 31,050 28,047 28,537 26,301 31,061 22,459
Skilled workers - s.d.** 26,812 23,098 26,117 31,717 25,195 23,610 25,769 23,978 31,537 24,014
Canadian experience class - p.a.*               1,042 1,616 2,540
Canadian experience class - s.d.**               274 442 650
Entrepreneurs - p.a.* 1,037 693 576 630 708 492 393 304 251 151
Entrepreneurs - s.d.** 1,311 857 713 841 943 642 513 370 318 189
Self-employed - p.a.* 502 355 292 224 228 143 123 140 134 82
Self-employed - s.d.** 513 373 328 282 271 163 137 134 129 98
Investors - p.a.* 1,062 828 1,452 2,204 1,866 1,757 2,380 2,378 2,652 2,362
Investors - s.d.** 1,328 1,068 1,713 2,690 2,256 2,090 2,854 2,940 3,383 3,062
Provincial/territorial nominees - p.a.* 537 1,113 1,639 2,019 3,569 4,581 6,179 8,598 9,600 10,218
Provincial/territorial nominees - s.d.** 573 1,240 1,614 2,109 3,428 4,362 5,578 7,338 9,223 9,753
Live-in caregivers - p.a.* 43 60 70 108 164 169 331 304 472 285
Live-in caregivers - s.d.** 307 754 1,191 1,007 2,212 1,789 2,958 4,110 4,139 4,151
Economic immigrants 73,665 63,952 70,081 80,899 71,890 67,845 75,752 78,211 94,957 80,014
Government-assisted refugees 3,957 3,910 3,854 3,730 3,813 3,823 3,563 3,678 3,568 3,560
Privately sponsored refugees 1,508 1,682 1,642 1,545 1,798 1,907 1,851 2,618 2,596 2,993
Refugees landed in Canada 6,058 6,427 8,714 10,835 8,431 6,186 3,679 3,795 4,771 5,418
Refugee dependants 1,709 1,772 2,762 2,450 2,645 2,366 1,910 1,504 1,672 1,999
Refugees 13,232 13,791 16,972 18,560 16,687 14,282 11,003 11,595 12,607 13,970
Retirees, DROC and PDRCC***  –– 39 31 13 12 8 1 2 0 4
Temporary resident permit holders –– 41 77 64 69 51 56 48 58 45
H and C**** cases 293 1,083 1,500 1,580 2,131 2,092 1,633 1,498 1,383 1,225
Other H and C cases outside the family class / Public Policy 1,189 2,722 1,774 1,599 2,817 3,226 3,455 3,636 3,057 2,764
Other immigrants 1,559 3,885 3,382 3,256 5,029 5,377 5,145 5,184 4,498 4,038
Category not stated 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 3 1
Total 112,747 106,496 114,165 127,763 122,130 113,970 118,609 121,970 137,006 121,786

*Principal applicants
**Spouses and dependants
*** Deferred removal orders class and post-determination refugee claimants in Canada
****Humanitarian and Compassionate

Percentage distribution
Category 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Spouses and partners 10.8 13.1 14.1 13.4 14.0 15.0 14.5 14.4 12.0 12.9
Sons and daughters 1.7 1.8 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2
Parents and grandparents 8.5 7.8 4.7 4.4 7.3 6.0 6.0 6.0 4.7 4.9
Others 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4
Family class 21.5 23.4 20.8 19.6 23.4 23.2 22.5 22.1 18.2 19.5
Skilled workers - p.a.* 35.2 31.5 30.1 29.0 25.4 24.6 24.1 21.6 22.7 18.4
Skilled workers - s.d.** 23.8 21.7 22.9 24.8 20.6 20.7 21.7 19.7 23.0 19.7
Canadian experience class - p.a.*               0.9 1.2 2.1
Canadian experience class - s.d.**               0.2 0.3 0.5
Entrepreneurs - p.a.* 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1
Entrepreneurs - s.d.** 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2
Self-employed - p.a.* 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Self-employed - s.d.** 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Investors - p.a.* 0.9 0.8 1.3 1.7 1.5 1.5 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Investors - s.d.** 1.2 1.0 1.5 2.1 1.8 1.8 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5
Provincial/territorial nominees - p.a.* 0.5 1.0 1.4 1.6 2.9 4.0 5.2 7.0 7.0 8.4
Provincial/territorial nominees - s.d.** 0.5 1.2 1.4 1.7 2.8 3.8 4.7 6.0 6.7 8.0
Live-in caregivers - p.a.* 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2
Live-in caregivers - s.d.** 0.3 0.7 1.0 0.8 1.8 1.6 2.5 3.4 3.0 3.4
Economic immigrants 65.3 60.1 61.4 63.3 58.9 59.5 63.9 64.1 69.3 65.7
Government-assisted refugees 3.5 3.7 3.4 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.0 3.0 2.6 2.9
Privately sponsored refugees 1.3 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.5 1.7 1.6 2.1 1.9 2.5
Refugees landed in Canada 5.4 6.0 7.6 8.5 6.9 5.4 3.1 3.1 3.5 4.4
Refugee dependants 1.5 1.7 2.4 1.9 2.2 2.1 1.6 1.2 1.2 1.6
Refugees 11.7 12.9 14.9 14.5 13.7 12.5 9.3 9.5 9.2 11.5
Retirees, DROC and PDRCC***  –– 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Temporary resident permit holders –– 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
H and C**** cases 0.3 1.0 1.3 1.2 1.7 1.8 1.4 1.2 1.0 1.0
Other H and C cases outside the family class / Public Policy 1.1 2.6 1.6 1.3 2.3 2.8 2.9 3.0 2.2 2.3
Other immigrants 1.4 3.6 3.0 2.5 4.1 4.7 4.3 4.3 3.3 3.3
Category not stated 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

*Principal applicants
**Spouses and dependants
*** Deferred removal orders class and post-determination refugee claimants in Canada
****Humanitarian and Compassionate

Canada – Female permanent residents by category

Number
Category 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Spouses and partners 22,023 25,688 28,137 28,346 28,200 27,866 27,017 26,303 24,310 22,778
Sons and daughters 1,758 1,705 1,428 1,568 1,458 1,535 1,516 1,452 1,369 1,241
Parents and grandparents 12,689 11,102 7,367 6,865 11,075 8,975 9,477 9,878 8,953 8,073
Others 1,526 1,757 1,610 1,547 1,259 1,399 862 593 649 590
Family class 37,996 40,252 38,542 38,326 41,992 39,775 38,872 38,226 35,281 32,682
Skilled workers - p.a.* 13,334 11,863 13,518 15,201 13,110 13,204 14,823 14,433 17,761 14,318
Skilled workers - s.d.** 42,944 36,749 39,439 46,253 36,587 32,991 34,602 31,243 39,000 27,995
Canadian experience class - p.a.*               733 917 1,433
Canadian experience class - s.d.**               496 943 1,404
Entrepreneurs - p.a.* 139 88 92 119 112 88 53 66 40 33
Entrepreneurs - s.d.** 1,991 1,340 1,086 1,254 1,330 935 742 573 478 333
Self-employed - p.a.* 134 91 74 78 92 61 41 42 40 31
Self-employed - s.d.** 758 608 496 432 361 212 204 226 197 138
Investors - p.a.* 172 144 219 388 335 268 452 493 571 618
Investors - s.d.** 2,074 1,655 2,715 4,333 3,574 3,330 4,516 4,492 5,109 4,544
Provincial/territorial nominees - p.a.* 143 304 447 624 1,103 1,748 2,164 3,202 4,256 5,078
Provincial/territorial nominees - s.d.** 874 1,761 2,548 3,295 5,236 6,402 8,497 11,241 13,351 13,371
Live-in caregivers - p.a.* 1,478 2,170 2,426 2,955 3,383 3,264 5,826 5,969 7,192 4,748
Live-in caregivers - s.d.** 157 321 605 482 1,136 896 1,396 2,072 2,108 2,063
Economic immigrants 64,198 57,094 63,665 75,414 66,359 63,399 73,316 75,281 91,963 76,107
Government-assisted refugees 3,548 3,598 3,557 3,694 3,513 3,749 3,732 3,747 3,696 3,804
Privately sponsored refugees 1,533 1,570 1,473 1,431 1,539 1,681 1,661 2,418 2,237 2,589
Refugees landed in Canada 4,488 4,837 7,187 9,099 7,452 5,510 3,315 3,411 4,270 5,325
Refugee dependants 2,312 2,187 3,497 2,991 3,308 2,732 2,147 1,679 1,887 2,184
Refugees 11,881 12,192 15,714 17,215 15,812 13,672 10,855 11,255 12,090 13,902
Retirees, DROC and PDRCC***  –– 40 22 7 11 7 1 2 0 2
Temporary resident permit holders –– 56 71 59 67 56 57 58 51 43
H and C**** cases 325 1,293 1,484 1,531 2,181 2,255 1,820 1,644 1,517 1,462
Other H and C cases outside the family class / Public Policy 1,838 3,922 2,156 1,925 3,085 3,617 3,713 3,738 2,779 2,761
Other immigrants 2,221 5,311 3,733 3,522 5,344 5,935 5,591 5,442 4,347 4,268
Category not stated 0 1 0 1 1 0 2 0 4 2
Total 116,296 114,850 121,654 134,478 129,508 122,781 128,636 130,204 143,685 126,961

*Principal applicants
**Spouses and dependants
*** Deferred removal orders class and post-determination refugee claimants in Canada
****Humanitarian and Compassionate

Percentage distribution
Category 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Spouses and partners 18.9 22.4 23.1 21.1 21.8 22.7 21.0 20.2 16.9 17.9
Sons and daughters 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0
Parents and grandparents 10.9 9.7 6.1 5.1 8.6 7.3 7.4 7.6 6.2 6.4
Others 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.1 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5
Family class 32.7 35.0 31.7 28.5 32.4 32.4 30.2 29.4 24.6 25.7
Skilled workers - p.a.* 11.5 10.3 11.1 11.3 10.1 10.8 11.5 11.1 12.4 11.3
Skilled workers - s.d.** 36.9 32.0 32.4 34.4 28.3 26.9 26.9 24.0 27.1 22.1
Canadian experience class - p.a.*               0.6 0.6 1.1
Canadian experience class - s.d.**               0.4 0.7 1.1
Entrepreneurs - p.a.* 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Entrepreneurs - s.d.** 1.7 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.3
Self-employed - p.a.* 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Self-employed - s.d.** 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Investors - p.a.* 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Investors - s.d.** 1.8 1.4 2.2 3.2 2.8 2.7 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.6
Provincial/territorial nominees - p.a.* 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.9 1.4 1.7 2.5 3.0 4.0
Provincial/territorial nominees - s.d.** 0.8 1.5 2.1 2.5 4.0 5.2 6.6 8.6 9.3 10.5
Live-in caregivers - p.a.* 1.3 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.6 2.7 4.5 4.6 5.0 3.7
Live-in caregivers - s.d.** 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.5 1.6
Economic immigrants 55.2 49.7 52.3 56.1 51.2 51.6 57.0 57.8 64.0 59.9
Government-assisted refugees 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.7 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.6 3.0
Privately sponsored refugees 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.9 1.6 2.0
Refugees landed in Canada 3.9 4.2 5.9 6.8 5.8 4.5 2.6 2.6 3.0 4.2
Refugee dependants 2.0 1.9 2.9 2.2 2.6 2.2 1.7 1.3 1.3 1.7
Refugees 10.2 10.6 12.9 12.8 12.2 11.1 8.4 8.6 8.4 10.9
Retirees, DROC and PDRCC***  –– 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Temporary resident permit holders –– 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
H and C**** cases 0.3 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.7 1.8 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.2
Other H and C cases outside the family class / Public Policy 1.6 3.4 1.8 1.4 2.4 2.9 2.9 2.9 1.9 2.2
Other immigrants 1.9 4.6 3.1 2.6 4.1 4.8 4.3 4.2 3.0 3.4
Category not stated 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

*Principal applicants
**Spouses and dependants
*** Deferred removal orders class and post-determination refugee claimants in Canada
****Humanitarian and Compassionate

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