Legal references related to permanent residence

This section contains policy, procedures and guidance used by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada staff. It is posted on the Department’s website as a courtesy to stakeholders.

This page currently includes only information about some economic and non-economic classes and the permanent resident card and status. This page will change as the rest of the permanent residence manual chapters are modernized. In the meantime, consult relevant IP and OP manual chapters for information about other permanent resident programs.

Designation and Delegation of Authority

The Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism has delegated powers and designated those officials authorized to carry out any purpose of any provisions legislative or regulatory in IL 3.

Economic classes

Express Entry

For more information about Refer to
Authority for Express Entry Division 0.1 Invitation to Make an Application
Requirement to be invited to apply A10.1(1)
Requirement to submit an expression of interest A10.1(3)
Authority to issue instructions related to the operation and management of Express Entry A10.3(1)
Immigration classes subject to Express Entry A10.3(1)(a), MI 2
Portion of PNP subject to Express Entry A10.1(2.1), MI 2(d)
Mandatory electronic APR A14(5), R12.01(1)
Mandatory electronic Express Entry submission A10.3(1)(c), MI 3(1)
Exemption from requirement to submit an electronic APR A14(5), R12.02(1)
Exemption from requirement to submit an electronic Express Entry profile A10.3(1)(d), MI 4
Minimum Entry Criteria for Express Entry A10.3(1)(e), MI 5(1)
Exemption from the requirement to register with the Government of Canada’s Job Bank A10.3(1)(e), MI 5(3)
Rank a candidate must occupy to be issued an invitation and basis on which a candidate may be ranked A10.3(1)(h), A10.3(1)(i), MI 8(1)
Comprehensive Ranking System and number of points to be assigned A10.3(1)(h), MI 8 to 32
Period of validity of an Express Entry profile A10.3(1)(f), MI 6
Period within which an application must be made once an invitation has been issued A10.3(1)(k), MI 32(1)
Information-sharing A10.4, A10.3(1)(g), MI 7(1),(2)

Definition for Express Entry:

“Accompanying spouse or common-law partner”

“Invitation”

“Qualifying offer of arranged employment”

MI, section 1 (definition)
Requirements for application before entering Canada A11(1)
Requirement to maintain qualifications and change in circumstance A11.2
Public policy considerations A25.2(1)
Grounds for inadmissibility A33, A34, A35, A36, A37, A38, A39, A40, A41, A42
Misrepresentation A40(2)(a)
Requirement to submit a complete application R10
Applicants outside Canada R67
Applicants in Canada R68
Requirements for a foreign national to become a permanent resident in Canada R72
Federal Skilled Worker Class R75-85.6
Provincial Nominee Class R87
Canadian Experience Class R87.1
Federal Skilled Trades Class R87.2
Instruments & delegations

Canadian experience class

For more information about Refer to
Application, form and content A11, R10
Place of application for visa R11
Return of an application R12
Production of supporting documents R13
Visa issuance by officer A11, R70(1)
Economic Class A12(2)
Canadian Experience Class R87.1

Federal skilled trades class

For more information about Refer to
Attainment of immigration goals A3(1)
Application, form and content A11, R10
Place of application for visa R11
Return of an application R12
Production of supporting documents R13
Visa issuance by officer R70(1)
Economic class A12(2)
Inadmissibility A33 to A43
Skilled trade occupation R87.2(1)
Federal skilled trades class and membership R87.2(2) and (3)
Substitution of officer's evaluation R87.2(4)
Requirement for settlement funds R87.2(5)

Federal skilled workers class

For more information about Refer to
Attainment of immigration goals A3(1)
Application, form and content A11, R10
Place of application for visa R11
Return of an application R12
Production of supporting documents R13
Visa issuance by an officer R70(1)
Economic class A12(2)
Inadmissibility A33 to A43
Obtaining status (skilled worker) R71.1
Minimal requirements of a skilled worker R75(2)
Minimum number of points required R75(1), R76(2), R75(3)
Language proficiency thresholds and designation for evaluating language proficiency R74
Selection grid
Education R78
Language proficiency R79
Work experience R80
Age R81
Arranged employment R82
Adaptability R83
Settlement funds requirement R76(1)(b)(i)
Substituted evaluation R76(3) and (4)
Transition rules R361

Immigrant investors

For more information about Refer to
Attainment of immigration goals and authority for the Ministerial Instructions A3(1), A14.1 and A87.3
Application form and content A11 and R10
Establishment of class and membership in the class MI 2(1) and (2)
Supporting documentation MI 3
Production of other documents MI 4
Minimal requirements MI 6
Processing fees MI 8

Provincial nominees

For more information about Refer to
Federal-provincial agreements A8
Selection of a member of the economic class A12(2)
Form and content of application R10
Becoming a permanent resident R71.1
Provincial nominee class R87
Being named in a nomination certificate R87 (2)(a)
Intention to reside in nominating province R87 (2)(b)
Substitution of evaluation R87 (3)
Concurrence of a second officer R87 (4)

Exclusion from the provincial nominee class

  • Definitions
  • Transitional provisions
  • Requirements for accompanying family members

R87(5) and R87(6)

  • R87(9)
  • R87(10) and R87(11)
  • R87(12)
Requirements to maintain qualifications and change in circumstances A11.2
Inadmissibility for financial reasons A39
Obligation to answer truthfully A16(1)
Misrepresentation A40
Report on inadmissibility A44(1)
Non-compliance A41
Obligation on entry A20(2)
Work and study in Canada A30(1)

International conventions and agreements

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