This section contains policy, procedures and guidance used by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada staff. It is posted on the Department’s website as a courtesy to stakeholders.
A TRV is an official counterfoil document issued by a visa office that is placed in a person’s passport to show that he or she has met the requirements for admission to Canada as a temporary resident.
A temporary resident is a foreign national who has applied for that status, met the obligations of A20(1)(B) and is not inadmissible or a foreign national who is inadmissible but is issued a temporary resident permit. Temporary residents may be authorized to enter and remain in Canada as a visitor, worker or student.
The admission of temporary residents into Canada is a privilege, not a right.
Who requires a temporary resident visa
All foreign nationals entering Canada as a temporary resident are required to obtain a visa, unless otherwise exempted.
- Countries whose citizens require visas in order to enter Canada as temporary residents
- Temporary resident status
- Dual intent applicants
When are visas not required?
Exemptions from the TRV requirement stem from:
- The applicant’s nationality R190(1)
- The type of travel document R190(2)
- The purpose of entry R190(3)
Exemptions by purpose of entry:
- Transit without visa
- China transit program
- Countries designated for the purposes of the Visiting Forces Act
For a complete explanation of what constitutes a valid passport or travel document for visiting Canada, refer to OP 16, Passports and Travel Documents.
- Date Modified: