Starting November 30, 2014, caregivers will have access to two new pathways to permanent residence. Read more about the improvements to the Caregiver Program.
Changes to Canada’s Caregiver Program took effect on November 30, 2014. Please note:
- You may not hire a new caregiver from abroad through the Live-in Caregiver Program if you have not applied for a LMIA before November 30, 2014.
- You may hire a foreign caregiver through the regular process of hiring a foreign worker if you successfully apply for an LMIA after November 30, 2014 .
- Caregivers who are not part of the Live-in Caregiver Program are not required to live in the home of their employer. If the caregiver you are hiring agrees, a live-in arrangement may still be possible. The live-in arrangement must be specified in the LMIA application.
- You may hire a caregiver who is already part of the Live-in Caregiver Program and wants to continue working on a live-in basis. To do so, you need to get an LMIA and the caregiver needs to get a new work permit.
To hire a live-in caregiver through the Live-in Caregiver Program, you must:
- make an effort to fill your position with a Canadian, a permanent resident or a foreign worker already in Canada,
- be able to pay them,
- give them acceptable living space in your home,
- make a job offer for caregiving duties for
- a child,
- an elderly person or
- a person with a disability,
- have applied for a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) from Service Canada before November 30, 2014, including the employment contract. Service Canada will work with Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) to give you an LMIA.
You may also hire a caregiver who is already part of the Live-in Caregiver Program and wants to continue working on a live-in basis. To do so, you need to get a positive LMIA and the caregiver needs to get a new work permit. The live-in arrangement must be specified in the LMIA application.
Caregiving must be the main responsibility of the job. A job offer for which the main duties are house cleaning, for example, is not acceptable under the Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP).
Visit ESDC’s website to see all the rules you must meet as an employer before you can hire a live-in caregiver.
A visa office will carefully screen caregivers before they enter Canada. Caregivers applying to work in Canada under the LCP must have:
- completed an education equal to that of a Canadian secondary school diploma,
- at least
- six months of full-time classroom training in caregiving or
- one year of work experience as a caregiver or in a related job within the last three years (including at least six months of ongoing work with one employer),
- the ability to speak, read and understand English or French, so that they can work on their own without being supervised,
- medical, security and criminal clearances, and
- a signed written employment contract with an employer in Canada (you).
The written employment contract will make sure there is a fair working arrangement between you and your employee. The contract must show the employment conditions that must be met. It must have details about:
- mandatory benefits you will pay, including
- transportation from the caregiver's home country to the place they will work in Canada,
- medical insurance coverage from the date they arrive until they are eligible for provincial/territorial health insurance,
- workplace safety insurance coverage for the entire time they will be employed and
- all fees paid to recruit someone, including any amount owed to a third-party recruiter or agents you hired, that would otherwise have been charged to the live-in caregiver,
- job duties,
- hours of work,
- housing arrangements (including room and board),
- holiday and sick leave amounts, and
- rules for ending employment or quitting.
See the contract template and guide on the Service Canada website.
If you use a different format for the contract, it may take longer to process your application. Service Canada officers will need to decide whether the contract meets all the rules and has all the needed clauses.
To apply in the province of Quebec, please see the website of the Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Diversité et de l'Inclusion (Quebec immigration department).
Employers' RoadmapThis roadmap is a guide for employers in small to medium-sized enterprises interested in hiring foreign workers.
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