How does Citizenship and Immigration Canada decide whether a refugee can be sponsored and resettled?
The decisions are based on:
- documents sent by the sponsoring group, showing that it can adequately support the refugee,
- supporting documents sent by the refugee about the claim for refugee protection,
- other information available to the officer (such as details of conditions in the country the refugee is fleeing and in the country the refugee has taken temporary asylum), and/or
- an interview with the applicant.
To be accepted for resettlement in Canada, the refugee must also pass medical and security checks. In addition, a visa officer will assess the refugee based on whether he or she:
- is likely to establish themselves successfully in Canada,
- has relatives or a sponsor in Canada,
- is able to learn English or French, and
- is likely to get a job.
When a family unit is applying, the officer assesses these factors for the family as a unit.
In some cases, the officer may decide that refugees urgently need protection. In that case, they are not assessed on their ability to establish themselves in Canada.
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