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I’m Canadian, but my child was born outside Canada. Are they Canadian?

Your child is likely a Canadian citizen if at least 1 parent (legal parent at birth [opens in a new tab] or biological parent)

  • was born in Canada, or
  • became a naturalized Canadian citizen before the child was born

To find out for sure, apply for a citizenship certificate for your child.

Your child is not automatically a Canadian citizen if they’re an adopted child born outside Canada.


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  • Discover Canada Study Guide

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